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Special  Publication  No.  2 

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A  List  of 

Common  and  Scientific 
Names  of  Fishes 
from  the  United  States 
and  Canada 

(SECOND    EDITION)  A/^Ssrf>*    '-^\ 

Report  of  the  Committee  on  Names  of  Fishes,  Presented  at  the  —---^ 

Ei^ty-ninth  Annual  Meeting,  Clearwater,  Florida,  September  16-18,  1959 

Reeve  M.  Bailey,  Chairman 

Ernest  A.  Lachner,  C.  C.  Lindsey,  C.  Richard  Robins 

Phil  M.  Roedel,  W.  B.  Scott,  Loren  P.  Woods 

Ann  Arbor,  Michigan     •     1960 

Copies  of  this  publication  may  be  purchased  for  $1.00 
each  (paper  cover)  or  $2.00  (cloth  cover).  Orders,  accompanied 
by  remittance  payable  to  the  American  Fisheries  Society, 
should  be  addressed  to  E.  A.  Seaman,  Secretary-Treasurer, 
American  Fisheries  Society,  Box  483,  McLean,  Virginia. 

Copyright  1960 
American  Fisheries  Society 

Printed  by 
Waverly  Press,  Inc. 
Baltimore,  Maryland 


This  second  list  of  the  names  of  fishes  of 
the  United  States  and  Canada  is  not  sim- 
ply a  reprinting  with  corrections,  but  con- 
stitutes a  major  revision  and  enlargement. 
The  earlier  list,  published  in  1948  as  Special 
Publication  No.  1  of  the  American  Fisheries 
Society,  has  been  widely  used  and  has 
contributed  substantially  toward  its  goal  of 
achieving  uniformity  and  avoiding  confusion 
in  nomenclature.  Of  the  570  names  on  that 
list,  560  are  retained  in  the  present  version. 
The  10  removed  have  since  proved  to  be 
synonyms  of  other  included  species,  or  are 
extralimital.  In  the  preparation  of  the  first 
list,  the  Committee  made  arbitrary  decisions 
as  to  what  species  should  be  included  as 
"better  known  fishes."  As  interest  in  fishes 
expands,  it  becomes  increasingly  difficult  to 
determine  when  a  given  species  merits  an 
approved  vernacular  or  common  name.  The 
present  Committee  has  avoided  this  decision 
by  attempting  to  include  common  names  for 
all  native  and  successfully  introduced  species 
in  the  region  of  coverage.  Except  for  possi- 
ble errors  of  oversight,  the  chief  failure  to 
realize  complete  listing  involves  small,  rare, 
and  poorly -kno^vn  forms  near  the  periphery 
of  our  area:  Bering  Sea,  deepwater  fishes 
that  occasionally  are  found  over  the  conti- 
nental shelf,  and  Caribbean  species  that 
sporadically  invade  southern  Florida.  As 
knowledge  of  such  forms  increases  they  may 
be  added  in  subsequent  revisions.  This  list 
includes  1892  entries,  more  than  a  threefold 
increase.  We  make  no  apology  for  the  greater 
length,  believing  that  these  small,  less  well- 
known  fishes  have  real  or  potential  impor- 
tance as  laboratory  experimental  animals, 
in  public  or  private  aquaria,  for  bait,  or, 
most  often,  simply  as  objects  of  natural- 
history  inquiry  or  aesthetic  appeal.  The  plan 
of  organization  and  indexing  are  such  that 
the  inclusion  of  the  lesser  fishes  need  not 
interfere  with  use  by  those  not  concerned 
with  them. 

Area  of  Coverage 

The  present  fist  purports  to  include  all 
species  of  fishes  known  from  the  fresh  waters 
of  the  continental  United  States  and  Can- 
ada, and  those  marine  species  inhabiting 
contiguous  shore  waters  on  or  above  the 
continental  shelf,  to  a  depth  of  100  fathoms. 

The  shore  fishes  from  Greenland,  eastern 
Canada  and  the  United  States,  and  the 
northern  Gulf  of  Mexico  to  the  mouth  of 
the  Rio  Grande  are  included,  but  those 
from  Iceland,  Bermuda,  the  Bahamas,  Cuba 
and  the  other  West  Indian  islands,  and 
Mexico  are  excluded  unless  they  occur  also 
in  the  region  covered.  In  the  Pacific,  the 
area  treated  includes  that  part  of  the  conti- 
nental shelf  from  the  Mexican-United  States 
boundary  to  Bering  Strait.  The  Arctic  shore 
waters  of  Alaska  and  Canada  are  included. 
Hawaii,  with  a  large  and  strikingly  different 
Indo-Pacific  fish  fauna,  is  excluded.  Deep- 
sea  fishes,  whether  benthic  or  bathypelagic, 
are  excluded  unless  they  appear  also  within 
the  100-fathom  isobath.  In  practice  this  line 
of  distinction  is  difficult  to  apply,  and 
becomes  arbitrary  to  that  extent.  Pelagic 
fishes  that  enter  waters  over  the  continental 
shelf  are  included.  The  fist  provides  a 
general  guide  to  distribution:  "A"  denotes 
Atlantic  Ocean  but  includes  the  eastern 
Arctic,  "P"  refers  to  Pacific  Ocean  and 
includes  the  western  Arctic,  and  "F"  indi- 
cates occurrence  in  fresh  water.  Appropriate 
combinations  of  letters  are  used  for  those 
fishes  that  live,  either  naturally  or  by  intro- 
duction, in  more  than  one  of  these  regions. 

Common  Names 

The  Committee  aims  at  the  development 
of  a  body  of  common  names  that  reflect 
broad  current  usage,  the  creation  of  a 
richer,  more  meaningful  and  colorful  vernac- 
ular nomenclature,  and  the  promotion  of 
mechanisms  that  will  add  to  stability  and 
the  universality  of  names  applied  to  Ameri- 
can fishes. 

The  common  name  as  here  employed  is 
viewed  as  a  formal,  usually  anglicized 
appellation  to  be  used  in  lieu  of  the  Latin- 
ized scientific  name  of  a  species.  It  is  hoped, 
and  the  history  of  the  recent  past  confirms, 
that  common  names  may  be  more  stable 
than  scientific  names.  Certainly  they  should 
be  more  readily  adaptable  to  lay  uses  than 
scientific  names.  There  is  clear  need  for 
standardization  and  uniformity  in  vernac- 
ular names  not  only  for  sport  or  commercial 
fishes,  but  as  trade  names,  for  aquarium 
fishes,  in  legal  terminology,  and  as  substi- 
tutes for  scientific  names  of  almost  any  fish 


in  popular  or  scientific  writing.  The  Com- 
mittee believes  that  it  is  desirable  to  estab- 
lish a  common  name  for  each  species  of  fish 
occurring  naturally  or  through  successful 
introduction  in  the  waters  of  English- 
speaking  North  America. 

Agreement  on  many  names  may  be 
arrived  at  quickly,  but  others  are  attended 
by  complications  and  marked  disagreement 
develops.  This  is  especially  true  of  fish 
known  by  market  names  that  differ  from 
those  names  that  are  more  familiar  to  sport 
fishermen,  biologists  or  others.  The  exist- 
ence for  a  single  species  of  different  names 
in  separate  parts  of  its  geographic  range 
creates  difficulties  that  seem  soluble  only 
through  arbitration.  Conversely  a  given 
name  may  be  employed  in  several  places  for 
diverse  species.  Although  committee  action 
on  such  situations  may  not  be  expected  to 
change  local  use  quickly,  at  least  it  seems 
plainly  improper  to  sanction  use  of  one 
name  for  two  or  more  different  species. 

After  wrestling  with  common  names  for 
over  twenty  years,  the  Committee  on  Names 
of  Fishes  realized  the  importance  of  estab- 
lishing a  set  of  guiding  principles  to  be 
employed  in  the  determination  of  names. 
Such  a  code  permits  a  more  objective  ap- 
praisal of  the  relative  merits  among  several 
names  than  if  selection  is  based  primarily 
on  personal  experience  and  preference. 
Consideration  of  many  vernacular  names  of 
fishes  makes  it  apparent  that  few  principles 
can  be  established  for  which  some  exceptions 
must  not  be  admitted.  This  is  true  because 
at  this  late  date  a  majority  of  our  larger  and 
more  abundant,  hence  important,  species 
have  such  firmly  established  common  names 
that  it  would  be  unrealistic  to  reject  them. 
Decision  on  the  name  for  a  species  may 
often  be  decided  by  weighing  the  pros  and 
cons  among  the  possible  alternatives  and 
selecting  that  one  which  best  fits  the  aggre- 
gate of  guiding  criteria. 

In  the  introduction  to  the  earlier  list  of 
names  a  number  of  rules  of  procedure  were 
itemized.  Recently  the  Committee  incorpo- 
rated these  into  the  following  statement  of 
criteria  that  it  regards  as  appropriate  to  the 
selection  of  common  names  of  fishes. 

Principles  Governing  Selection 
OF  Common  Names^ 

1.  A  single  vernacular  name  shall  he  accepted 
for  each  species  or  taxonomic  unit  included. — 

'  First  printed  in  1955  (Trans.  Am.  Fish.  Soc,  Vol.  84  [1954] 
pp.  368-371). 

In  the  present  fist  only  two  fishes  have  two 
approved  names :  redfish  and  ocean  perch  for 
Sebastes  marinus;  cisco  and  lake  herring  for 
Coregonus  artedii. 

2.  No  two  species  on  the  list  shall  have  the 
same  approved  name. 

3.  The  expression  ''common"  as  part  of  a 
fish's  name  shall  be  avoided  wherever  possible. 

4.  Simplicity  in  names  is  favored. — Hyphens, 
suffixes,  and  apostrophes  shall  be  omitted 
(e.g.,  smallmouth  bass)  except  where  they 
are  orthographically  essential  (e.g.,  three- 
eye  flounder),  have  a  special  meaning 
(e.g.,  C-0  sole),  or  are  necessary  to  avoid 
possible  misunderstanding  (e.g.,  cusk-eel). 
Compounded  modifying  words,  including 
paired  structures,  should  usually  be  treated 
as  singular  nouns  in  apposition  with  a 
group  name  (e.g.,  spottail  shiner,  soupfin 
shark),  but  a  plural  modifier  should  usually 
be  placed  in  adjectival  form  (e.g.,  black- 
banded  sunfish,  spotted  hake).  Preference 
shall  be  given  to  names  that  are  short  and 

The  compounding  of  brief,  familiar  words 
into  a  single  name,  written  without  hyphen, 
may  in  some  cases  promote  clarity  and  sim- 
pUcity  (e.g.,  tomcod,  goldfish,  mudminnow), 
but  the  wholesale  practice  of  combining 
words,  especially  those  that  are  lengthy, 
awkward,  or  unfamiliar,  is  deplored. 

5.  Common  names  shall  not  be  capitalized  in 
text  use  except  for  those  elements  that  are 
proper  names  (e.g.,  rainbow  trout  but 
Sacramento  perch). 

6.  Names  intended  to  honor  persons  (e.g., 
Allison's  tuna,  Julia's  darter)  are  not  admis- 

7.  Only  clearly  defined  and  well-marked 
taxonomic  entities  (usually  species)  shall  be 
assigned  common  names. — Most  subspecies 
are  not  suitable  subjects  for  common  names, 
but  those  forms  that  are  so  different  in 
appearance  (not  just  in  geographic  distribu- 
tion) as  to  be  distinguished  readily  by  sport 
or  commercial  fishermen  or  laymen  or  for 
which  a  common  name  constitutes  a  signifi- 
cant aid  in  communication  may  merit  sepa- 
rate names.  Subspecies  have  importance  in 
evolutionary  inquiry  but  are  rarely  of 
significance  to  laymen  or  in  those  aspects  of 
biological  endeavor  in  which  common  names 
are  of  concern.  The  practice  of  adding 
geographic  modifiers  to  designate  regional 


populations  makes  for  a  cumbersome  termi- 

8.  The  common  name  shall  not  be  intimately 
tied  to  the  scientific  name. — Thus  the  vagaries 
of  scientific  nomenclature  do  not  entail 
constant  changing  of  common  names.  The 
practice  of  applying  a  name  to  each  genus, 
a  modifying  name  for  each  species,  and  still 
another  modifier  for  each  subspecies,  while 
appeaUng  in  its  simplicity,  has  the  defect  of 
inflexibihty.  If  a  fish  is  transferred  from 
genus  to  genus,  or  shifted  from  species  to 
subspecies  or  vice  versa,  the  common  name 
should  nevertheless  remain  unaffected.  It  is 
not  a  primary  function  of  common  names  to 
indicate  relationship.  When  two  or  more 
taxonomic  groups  (e.g.,  nominal  species)  are 
found  to  be  identical,  one  name  shall  be 
adopted  for  the  combined  group. 

This  principle  is  regarded  not  only  as 
fundamental  to  the  achievement  of  sta- 
bility, but  as  essential  to  the  development 
of  a  true  vernacular  nomenclature. 

9.  Names  shall  not  violate  the  tenets  of  good 

The  preceding  principles  are  largely  in  the 
nature  of  procedural  dicta.  Those  given 
below  are  criteria  that  are  regarded  as  aids 
in  the  selection  of  suitable  names. 

10.  Colorful,  romantic,  fanciful,  metaphorical, 
and  otherwise  distinctive  and  original  names 
are  especially  appropriate. — Such  terminol- 
ogy adds  to  the  richness  and  breadth  of  the 
nomenclature  and  yields  a  harvest  of  satis- 
faction to  the  user.  Examples  of  such  names 
include:  Dolly  Varden,  madtom,  hogchoker, 
garibaldi,  pumpkinseed,  flier,  angelfish,  mid- 
shipman, and  chilipepper. 

11.  American  Indian  names  are  welcome  for 
adoption  as  common  names. — Those  in  cur- 
rent use  include  muskellunge,  eulachon, 
mummichog,  chinook,  tautog,  menhaden, 
and  Cisco. 

12.  Regardless  of  origin,  truly  vernacular 
names  that  are  widespread  and  in  common 
use  by  the  public  are  to  be  retained  wherever 
possible. — In  addition  to  aboriginal  names, 
many  now  well-known  names  of  American 
fishes  have  been  derived  from  non-Enghsh- 
speaking  fishermen  of  foreign  extraction: 
barracuda,  cero,  grouper,  pompano  (Span- 
ish); bocaccio  (Italian);  capelin,  inconnu 
(French).  Although  too  httle  genuine  origi- 
nality is  evident,  many  excellent  names  have 

been  developed  by  American  immigrants. 
Most  of  these  conform  to  principles  14  and 
15  below. 

13.  Commonly  employed  names  adopted  from 
traditional  English  usage  (e.g.,  cod,  pike, 
sole,  flounder,  bass,  perch,  chub,  minnow) 
may  be  given  considerable  latitude  in  taxono- 
mic placement. — Adherence  to  customary 
English  practice  is  to  be  preferred  if  this 
does  not  conflict  with  the  broad  general  use 
of  another  name.  Many  English  names, 
however,  have  been  applied  to  similar 
appearing  but  often  distantly  related  fishes 
in  America.  We  find  perch  in  use  for  repre- 
sentatives of  at  least  9  famihes  of  spiny- 
rayed  fishes.  Chub  appears  in  such  diverse 
groups  as  the  Salmonidae,  Cyprinidae,  and 
Kyphosidae.  The  ocean  whitefish  (Caulola- 
tilus  princeps)  is  not  a  salmonid  and  the 
blue  pike  (Stizostedion  vitreum  glaucum)  is 
remote  from  the  Esocidae,  yet  each  is  best 
known  to  fishermen  throughout  its  range  by 
the  name  indicated.  For  widely-known 
species  the  Committee  believes  it  preferable 
to  recognize  general  use  than  to  engage  in  a 
probably  futile  effort  to  gain  the  general 
adoption  of  bookish  or  pedantic  substitutes. 
Thus,  estabhshed  practice  should  outweigh 
consistency    with    original    English    usage. 

14.  Structural  attributes,  including  color  and 
color  pattern,  are  desirable  and  are  in  common 
use  in  forming  womes.— Sailfin,  flathead, 
slippery,  giant,  mottled,  copper,  tripletail, 
and  a  multitude  of  others  decorate  fish 
names.  Efforts  should  be  made  to  select 
terms  that  are  descriptively  accurate,  and 
to  hold  repetition  of  those  most  frequently 
employed  (e.g.,  white,  black,  spotted, 
banded)  to  a  minimum. 

15.  Ecological  characteristics  are  useful  in 
making  good  names. — They  too  should  be 
properly  descriptive.  Terms  such  as  sand, 
rock,  lake,  riffle,  freshwater  and  mountain 
are  well  known  in  fish  names. 

16.  Geographic  distribution  provides  suitable 
adjectival  modifiers. — Poorly  descriptive  or 
misleading  geographic  characterizations 
(e.g.,  Kentucky  bass  for  a  wide-ranging 
species)  should  be  corrected  unless  they  are 
too  deeply  entrenched  in  current  usage.  In 
the  interest  of  brevity  it  is  usually  possible 
to  delete  words  such  as  lake,  river,  or  ocean 
in  the  names  of  species  (e.g.,  Colorado  squaw- 
fish,  not  Colorado  River  squawfish). 

17.  Generic  names  may  be  employed  outright 
(e.g.,    remora)    or  in  modified  form    (e.g., 


molly,  from  Mollienesia)  as  common  names. — 
Once  adopted  such  names  should  be  main- 
tained even  if  the  generic  name  is  changed. 
These  vernaculars  should  be  written  in 
Roman  and  without  capitalization.  Brevity 
and  euphony  are  of  especial  importance  for 
names  of  this  type,  which  will  probably  be 
adopted  most  often  for  aquarium  fishes  or 
other  smaller  and  little-known  kinds  that  do 
not  already  have  a  well-established  vernacu- 
lar nomenclature. 

18.  The  duplication  of  common  names  for 
fishes  and  other  organisms  should  be  avoided  if 
possible,  but  names  in  wide  general  use  need 
not  be  rejected  on  this  basis  alone. — The  name 
dolphin  is  commonly  applied  to  certain 
cetaceans  and  also  to  Coryphaena  hippurus. 
Similarly,  buffalo  is  employed  for  various 
artiodactyls  and  for  suckers  of  the  genus 
Ictiobus.  On  the  basis  of  prevailing  use  these 
names  are  admissible  as  fish  names. 

19.  Names  that  appear  on  official  lists  of 
names  of  fishes  prepared  by  other  agencies 
shall  be  preferred. 

Plan  of  List 

The  list  is  presented  as  a  natural  or  phy- 
letic  sequence  of  families  of  fishes,  with  the 
species  of  each  family  alphabetized  to  ge- 
neric and  specific  names.  In  order  to  facili- 
tate use  the  three  classes  of  recent  fishes 
(Agnatha — jawless  fishes,  Chondrichthyes — 
cartilaginous  fishes,  and  Osteichthyes — bony 
fishes)  and  the  orders  are  indicated.  For  the 
latter,  the  ordinal  names  of  the  Goodrich 
system  (formes  endings)  are  given  first,  fol- 
lowed, in  parentheses,  by  equivalent  names 
employed  by  Regan,  Jordan,  Romer  or 
others.  Both  common  and  technical  names 
of  families  (idae  endings)  are  given.  Within 
families  the  sequence  is  alphabetical  to  scien- 
tific name;  the  occasional  disadvantage  of 
separating  closely  related  forms  within  a 
family  is  regarded  as  more  than  offset  by 
the  greater  ease  in  use. 

An  innovation  in  this  edition  is  the  inclu- 
sion of  authorities  for  scientific  names.  These 
are  commonly  needed  by  fishery  workers, 
who  may  not  have  ready  access  to  the 
necessary  references.  In  any  event  their 
appearance  here  in  a  single  cover  is  a  great 
convenience.  Care  has  been  taken  to  prevent 
errors  in  author's  names;  usage  here  reflects 
current  interpretation  of  the  International 
Rules  on  Zoological  Nomenclature.  In  line 
with  those  rules,  the  author's  name(s)  fol- 
lows the  specific  name  directly  and  without 

punctuation  if  the  species,  when  originally 
described,  was  assigned  to  the  same  genus 
in  which  it  appears  here;  if  the  species  was 
described  in  another  genus,  the  author's 
name(s)  appears  in  parentheses.  For  exam- 
ple, the  brook  trout  was  originally  named 
Salmo  fontinalis  bj''  Mitchill ;  it  appears  here 
as  Salvelinus  fontinalis  (Mitchill). 

In  preparation  of  the  list  hundreds  of  de- 
cisions had  to  be  made  that  involved  inter- 
pretation of  rules  of  nomenclature,  system- 
atic status  and  limits  of  species,  genera,  and 
families,  occurrence  within  the  prescribed 
region,  and  other  problems.  Four  times  in 
six  years  it  has  been  possible  for  a  majority 
of  the  committee  members  to  gather  around 
a  table  and  attack  these  problems  together. 
The  resultant  interchange  of  ideas  and  in- 
formation, extended  by  circulation  of  dozens 
of  work  lists,  has  made  possible  striking  con- 
cordance on  what  started  as  areas  of  dis- 
agreement. There  remain,  to  be  sure,  many 
differences  of  opinion,  but  there  has  been  a 
broadened  area  of  understanding  and  a 
spirit  of  good  humor  and  willingness  to 
compromise  difficulties.  Decisions  have  been 
made  by  majority  opinion  of  the  Committee. 
Thus,  no  committee  member  subscribes  to 
all  decisions  reached.  In  many  places,  in- 
formation available  to  the  Committee  ex- 
ceeded that  in  the  current  literature.  In 
general  it  has  been  our  policy  to  withhold 
making  such  changes  here,  although  we  have 
made  some  considered  exceptions,  especially 
when  the  new  data  will  appear  shortly. 


The  main  list.  Part  I,  appears  on  pages  6 
to  50;  there  follow  indices,  Part  II,  to  com- 
mon names  (pages  51  to  75)  and.  Part  III, 
to  scientific  names  (pages  76  to  102).  The 
index  to  common  names  gives  page  refer- 
ences to  approved  common  names  of  classes, 
famihes,  and  species.  A  single  entry  is  in- 
cluded for  each  species;  for  example,  Salmo 
gairdneri  is  entered  only  under  "trout,  rain- 
bow." In  addition  to  approved  names,  the 
index  includes  also  other  names  that  are  in 
wide  use  followed  by  the  equivalent  ap- 
proved name.  There  are  a  great  many 
vernacular  names  of  American  fishes,  and 
extensive  search  would  be  necessary  to  as- 
semble even  a  large  fraction  of  them.  This 
the  Committee  has  not  attempted  to  do,  but 
most  of  the  more  widely  used  names  are 

The  index  to  scientific  names  gives  page 
references  to  the  names  here  entered  for 


classes,  orders,  families,  genera,  and  species. 
Each  species  is  entered  only  under  its  spe- 
cific name.  For  example,  the  bluegill  may 
be  located  under  "macrochirus,  Lepomis" 
but  not  under  Lepomis  niacrochirus,  al- 
though an  entry  for  Lepomis  directs  the 
reader  to  the  proper  page.  Scientific  names 
that  are  not  accepted  in  this  list  are  excluded 
except  for  those  that  appeared  in  the  first 
edition  and  have  since  been  placed  in 


Many  persons  have  contributed  to  the 
preparation  of  this  report.  In  addition  to  the 
present  Committee,  these  include  authors  of 
the  first  edition,  Walter  A.  Chute,  W.  A 
Clemens,  John  R.  Dymond,  the  late  Samuel 
F.  Hildebrand,  George  S.  Myers,  and  Leon- 
ard P.  Schultz,  and  others  who  served  during 
the  interim  between  the  two  editions,  Charles 
M.  Breder,  Ralph  Hile,  Raymond  E.  John- 
son, Frank  T.  Eaiapp,  John  C.  Marr,  Ed- 
ward C.  Raney,  William  E.  Ricker,  and 
Royal  D.  Suttkus.  Specialists  have  been 
most  generous  in  their  assistance,  which  is 
much  appreciated.  Among  the  many,  a  few 
may  be  mentioned  for  their  especial  helpful- 
ness: Frederick  H.  Berry,  James  E.  Bohlke, 
John  C.  Briggs,  Homer  Circle,  Daniel  M. 

Cohen,  John  E.  Fitch,  W.  I.  Follett,  Earl 
S.  Herald,  Carl  L.  Hubbs,  Clark  Hubbs, 
William  A.  Kennedy,  A.  H.  Leim,  Gordon 
F.  Luce,  Jr.,  William  R.  Martin,  Robert  R. 
Miller,  George  A.  Moore,  C.  Lavett  Smith, 
William  R.  Taylor,  Boyd  W.  Walker, 
Vladimir  Walters,  and  Norman  J.  \Yi\i- 

In  1951  the  American  Fisheries  Society 
approved  a  plan  whereby  the  Committee  on 
Names  of  Fishes  of  that  Society  would 
serve  jointly  as  a  Committee  on  Common 
Names  of  Fishes  in  the  American  Society  of 
Ichthyologists  and  Herpetologists.  The  pres- 
ident of  the  ASIH  formally  appointed  the 
Committee.  Since  that  time  this  arrange- 
ment has  worked  smoothly.  All  personnel 
on  the  Committee  are  members  of  both 
societies  and  the  formulation  of  this  list,  it 
is  believed,  serves  common  interests.  An- 
nual meetings  of  the  ASIH  have  provided  a 
convenient  opportunity  to  assemble  the  joint 
committee  to  attack  problems  in  the  prepa- 
ration of  this  list.  The  plan  is  mutually  ad- 
vantageous, and  we  hope  it  may  continue. 

We  gratefully  acknowledge  financial  as- 
sistance in  the  publication  of  this  list  pro- 
vided by  the  National  Science  Foundation. 
(NSF-G 12424). 


Accepted  Common  Name,  Occurrence,  and  Scientific  Name 



Order  Myxiniformes  (Myxinoidea;  Hyperotreti) 

Myxinidae — hagfishes 

Atlantic  hagfish A Myxine  glutinosa  Linnaeus 

Black  hagfish P   .  .  Polistotrema  deani  Evermann  and  Goldsborough 

Pacific  hagfish P  Polistotrema  stouti  (Lockington) 

Order  Petromyzontiformes  (Petromyzontia  ;  Hyperoartii) 

Petromyzontidae — lampreys 

Ohio  lamprey F  Ichthyomyzon  hdellium  (Jordan) 

Chestnut  lamprey F   Ichthyomyzon  castaneus  Girard 

Northern  brook  lamprey F   Ichthyomyzon  fossor  Reighard  and  Cummins 

Southern  brook  lamprey F  Ichthyomyzon  gagei  Hubbs  and  Trautman 

Allegheny  brook  lamprey F   Ichthyomyzon  greeleyi  Hubbs  and  Trautman 

Mountain  brook  lamprey F  Ichthyomyzon  hubbsi  Raney 

Silver  lamprey F  ....  Ichthyomyzon  unicuspis  Hubbs  and  Trautman 

Least  brook  lamprey F  Lampetra   aepyptera   (Abbott) 

River  lamprey P-F Lampetra  ayresi  (Gunther) 

Arctic  lamprey P-F Lampetra  japonica  (Martens) 

American  brook  lamprey F  Lampetra  lamottei  (LeSueur) 

Western  brook  lamprey F  Lampetra  planeri  (Bloch) 

Pacific  lamprey P-F Lampetra  tridentata  (Gairdner) 

Sea  lamprey A-F Petromyzon  marinus  Linnaeus 


Order  Squaliformes  (Selachii) 

Hexanchidae — cow  sharks 

Sixgill  shark A-P Hexanchus  griseum  (Bonnaterre) 

Sevengill  shark P   Notorynchus  maculatus  Ayres 

Chlamydoselachidae — frill  sharks 
Frill  shark P   Chlamydoselachus  anguineum  Garman 

Heterodontidae — horn  sharks 
Horn  shark P  Heterodontus  francisci  (Girard) 

Carchariidae — sand  sharks 
Sand  shark A  Carcharias  taurus  Rafinesque 

Lamnidae — mackerel  sharks 

Bigeye  thresher A Alopias  superciliosus  (Lowe) 

Thresher  shark A-P Alopias  vulpinus  (Bonnaterre) 

1  a  =  Atlantic;  P  =  Pacific;  F  =  Freshwater 





White  shark A-P Carcharodon  carcharias  (Linnaeus) 

Basking  shark A-P Cetorhinus  maximus  (Gunnerus) 

Bonito  shark P  I  sums  glaucus  (Miiller  and  Henle) 

Make A I  sums  oxyrinchus   Rafinesque 

Salmon  shark P  Lamna  ditropis  Hubbs  and  Follett 

Porbeagle A Lamna  nasus  (Bonnaterre) 

Orectolobidae — nurse  sharks 
Nurse  shark A  Ginglymostoma  cirratum  (Bonnaterre) 

Rhincodontidae — whale  sharks 
Whale  shark A-P Rhincodon  typus  Smith 

Scyliorhinidae — cat  sharks 

Brown  cat  shark P  Apristurus  bmnneus  (Gilbert) 

Swell  shark P Cephaloscy Ilium  uier  (Jordan  and  Gilbert) 

Filetail  cat  shark P  Parmatums  xaniurus  (Gilbert) 

False  cat  shark A Pseudotriakis  microdon  Brito  Capello 

Chain  dogfish A Scyliorhinus  retifer  (Garman) 

Carcharhinidae — requiem  sharks 

Finetooth  shark A Aprionodon  isodon  (Miiller  and  Henle) 

Blacknose  shark A Carcharhinus  acronotus  (Poey) 

Bignose  shark A Carcharhinus  altima  (Springer) 

Roundnose  shark P   Carcharhinus  azureus  (Gilbert  and   Starks) 

Sickle  shark A Carcharhinus  falciformis  (Miiller  and  Henle) 

Silky  shark A Carcharhinus  floridanus  Bigelow, 

Schroeder,  and  Springer 

Bay  shark P   Carcharhinus  lamiella  (Jordan  and  Gilbert) 

Bull  shark A Carcharhinus  leucas  (Miiller  and  Henle) 

Blacktip  shark A Carcharhinus  limbatus  (Miiller  and  Henle) 

Whitetip  shark A  Carcharhinus  longimanus  (Poey) 

Spinner  shark A Carcharhinus  maculipinnis  (Poey) 

Sandbar  shark A Carcharhinus  milberti  (Miiller  and  Henle) 

Dusky  shark A Carcharhinus  obscurus  (LeSueur) 

Smalltail  shark A Carcharhinus  porosus  (Ranzani) 

Narrowtooth  shark P   Carcharhinus  remotus  (Dumeril) 

Tiger  shark A-P Galeocerdo  cuvieri  (Peron  and  LeSueur) 

Soupfin  shark P   Galeorhinus  zyoptems  Jordan  and  Gilbert 

Night  shark A  Hypoprion  signatus  Poey 

Gray  smoothhound P  Mustelus  californicus  Gill 

Smooth  dogfish A Mustelus  canis  (Mitchill) 

Sicklefin  smoothhound P  Mustelus  lunulatus  Jordan  and  Gilbert 

Florida  smoothhound A Mustelus  norrisi  Springer 

Lemon  shark A Negaprion  hrevirostris   (Poey) 

Blue  shark A-P Prionace  glauca  (Linnaeus) 

Pacific  sharpnose  shark P  Scoliodon  longurio  (Jordan  and  Gilbert) 

Atlantic  sharpnose  shark A Scoliodon  terraenovae  (Richardson) 

Brown  smoothhound P   Triakis  henlei   (Gill) 

Leopard  shark P  Triakis  semifasciata  Girard 

Sphyrnidae — hammerhead  sharks 

Scalloped  hammerhead A-P Sphyrna  lewini  (Griffith) 

Great  haimnerhead A Sphyrna  mokarran    (Riippell) 



Bonnethead A-P Sphyrna  tihuro  (Linnaeus) 

Smooth  hammerhead A-P Sphyrna  zygaena  (Linnaeus) 

Squalidae — dogfish  sharks 

Black  dogfish A Centroscyllium  fabricii  (Reinhardt) 

Kitefin  shark A  Dalatias  licha  (Bonnaterre) 

Bramble  shark A-P Echinorhinus  brucus  (Bonnaterre) 

Greenland  shark A  ....  Somniosus  microcephalus  (Bloch  and  Schneider) 

Pacific  sleeper  shark P  Somniosus  pacificus  Bigelow  and  Schroeder 

Spiny  dogfish A-P Squalus    acanthias    Linnaeus 

Cuban  dogfish A Squalus  cuhensis  Howell  Rivero 

Squatinidae — angel  sharks 

Pacific  angel  shark P   Squatina    calif ornica   Ayres 

Atlantic  angel  shark A  Squatina  dumerili   LeSueur 

Order  Rajiformes  (Batoidei) 

Pristidae — sawfishes 

Smalltooth  sawfish A Pristis  pectinatus  Latham 

Largetooth  sawfish A Pristis  perotteti  Miiller  and  Henle 

Rhinobatidae — guitarfishes 

Thornback P  ....  Platyrhinoidis  triseriata  (Jordan  and  Gilbert) 

Atlantic  guitarfish A Rhinohatos  lentiginosus  (Garman) 

Shovelnose  guitarfish P  Rhinohatos  productus  (Ayres) 

Banded  guitarfish P  Zapteryx  exasperata  (Jordan  and  Gilbert-) 

Torpedinidae — electric  raj'^s 

Lesser  electric  ray A Narcine  hrasiliensis  (Olf ers) 

Pacific  electric  ray P  Torpedo  calif  ornica  Ayres 

Atlantic  torpedo A Torpedo  nobiliana  Bonaparte 

Rajidae — skates 

Ocellate  skate A  Raja  ackleyi  Garman 

Aleutian  skate P  Raja  aleutica  Gilbert 

Big  skate P  Raja  binoculata  Girard 

Clearnose  skate A Raja  eglanteria  Bosc 

Little  skate A  Raja  erinacea  Mitchill 

Rosette  skate A   Raja  garmani  Whitley 

California  skate P   Raja  inornata  Jordan  and  Gilbert 

Bering  skate P   Raja  interrupta  Gill  and  Townsend 

Black  skate P    Raja  kincaidi  Garman 

Barndoor  skate A   Raja  laevis  Mitchill 

Freckled  skate A  Raja  lentiginosa  Bigelow  and  Schroeder 

Winter  skate A   Raja  ocellata  Mitchill 

Spreadfin  skate A  Raja  olseni  Bigelow  and  Schroeder 

Alaska  skate P   Raja  parmifera  Bean 

Thorny  skate A   Raja  radiata  Donovan 

Longnose  skate P   Raja  rhina  Jordan  and  Gilbert 

Flathead  skate P   Raja  rosispinis  Gill  and  Townsend 

Smooth  skate A   Raja  senta  Garman 



Spinytail  skate A  Raja  spinicauda  Jensen 

Starry  skate P  Raja  stellulata  Jordan  and  Gilbert 

Roundel  skate A  Raja  texana  Chandler 

Roughtail  skate P  Raja  trachura  Gilbert 

Dasyatidae — stingrays 

Southern  stingray A  ....  Dasyatis  americana  Hildebrand  and  Schroeder 

Roughtail  stingray A  Dasyatis  centroura  (Mitchill) 

Diamond  stingray P  Dasyatis  dipterurus  (Jordan  and  Gilbert) 

Atlantic  stingray A  Dasyatis  sabina  (LeSueur) 

Bluntnose  stingray A  Dasyatis  sayi  (LeSueur) 

Pelagic  stingray P  Dasyatis  violacea  (Bonaparte) 

Spiny  butterfly  ray A  Gymnura  altavela  (Linnaeus) 

California  butterfly  ray P  Gymnura  marmorata  (Cooper) 

Smooth  butterfly  ray A  Gymnura  micrura  (Bloch  and  Schneider) 

Round  stingray P  Urolophus  halleri  Cooper 

Yellow  stingray A  Urolophus  jamaicensis  (Cuvier) 

Myliobatidae — eagle  rays 

Spotted  eagle  ray A     Aetobatus  narinari  (Euphrasen) 

Bat  stingray P      Myliobatis  calif ornicus  Gill 

Bullnose  ray A     Myliobatis  freminvillei  LeSueur 

Southern  eagle  ray A     Myliobatis  goodei  Garman 

Cownose  ray A     Rhinoptera  bonasus  (Mitchill) 

Mobulidae — mantas 

Atlantic  manta A  Manta  birostris  (Walbaum) 

Pacific  manta P  Manta  hamiltoni  (Newman) 

Devil  ray A  Mobula  hypostoma  (Bancroft) 

Spinetail  mobula P  Mobula  japanica  (MuUer  and  Henle) 

Smooth  tail  mobula P  Mobula  lu^asana  Beebe  and  Tee-Van 

Order  Chimaeriformes  (Chimaerae) 

Chimaeridae — chimaeras 

Ratfish P     Hydrolagus  colliei  (Lay  and  Bennett) 


Order  Acipenseriformes  (Chondrostei) 

Acipenseridae — sturgeons 

Shortnose  sturgeon A-F  Acipenser  brevirostrum  LeSueur 

Lake  sturgeon F  Acipenser  fulvescens  Rafinesque 

Green  sturgeon P-F  Acipenser  medirostris  Ayres 

Atlantic  sturgeon A-F  Acipenser  oxyrhynchus  Mitchill 

White  sturgeon P-F  Acipenser  transmontanus  Richardson 

Pallid  sturgeon F  Scaphirhynchus  albus  (Forbes  and  Richardson) 

Shovelnose  sturgeon F  Scaphirhynchus  platorynchus  (Rafinesque) 

Polyodontidae — paddlefishes 
Paddlefish F     Polyodon  spathula  (Walbaum) 


common  name  occurrence  scientific  name 

Order  Semionotiformes  (Protospondyli  and  Ginglymodi) 
Lepisosteidae — gars 

Spotted  gar F     Lepisosteus  oculatus  (Winchell) 

Longnose  gar F     Lepisosteus  osseus  (Linnaeus) 

Shortnose  gar F     Lepisosteus  platostomus  Rafinesque 

Florida  gar F     Lepisosteus  platyrhincus  DeKay 

Alligator  gar F     Lepisosteus  spatula  Lac^pede 

Order  Amiiformes  (Halecomorphi) 

Amiidae — bowfins 

Bowfm F     Amia  calva  Linnaeus 

Order  Cltjpeiformes  (Isospondyli) 

Elopidae — tarpons 

Machete P-F  Flops  affinis  Regan 

Ladyfish A     Elops  saurus  Linnaeus 

Tarpon A     Megalops  atlantica  Valenciennes 

Albulidae — bonefishes 
Bonefish A-P  Alhula  vulpes  (Linnaeus) 

Clupeidae — herrings 

Blueback  herring A-F   Alosa  aestivalis  (Mitchill) 

Alabama  shad A-F  Alosa  alabamae  Jordan  and  Evermann 

Skipjack  herring A-F  Alosa  chrysochloris  (Rafinesque) 

Hickory  shad A     Alosa  mediocris  (Mitchill) 

Ohio  shad F     Alosa  ohiensis  Evermann 

Alewife A-F  Alosa  pseudoharengus  (Wilson) 

American  shad A-F-P Alosa  sapidissima  (Wilson) 

Fmescale  menhaden A     Brevoortia  gunteri  Hildebrand 

Largescale  menhaden A     Brevoortia  patronus  Goode 

Yellowfin  shad A     Brevoortia  smithi  Hildebrand 

Atlantic  menhaden A     Brevoortia  tyrannus  (Latrobe) 

Atlantic  herring A     Clupea  harengus  harengus  Linnaeus 

Pacific  herring P      Clupea  harengus  pallasi  Valenciennes 

Gizzard  shad A-F   Dorosoma  cepedianum  (LeSueur) 

Threadfin  shad A-F   Dorosoma  petenense  (Giinther) 

California  round  herring P      Etrumeus  acuminatus  Gilbert 

Atlantic  round  herring A     Etrumeus  sadina  (Mitchill) 

False  pilchard A     Harengula  clupeola  Valenciennes 

Redear  sardine A     Harengula  humeralis  Cuvier 

Scaled  sardine A     Harengula  pensacolae  Goode  and  Bean 

Flatiron  herring P     Harengula  thrissina  (Jordan  and  Gilbert) 

Dwarf  herring A     Jenkinsia  lamprotaenia  (Gosse) 

Pacific  thread  herring P     Opisthonema  libertate  (Giinther) 

Atlantic  thread  herring A     Opisthonema  oglinum  (LeSueur) 

Spanish  sardine A     Sardinella  anchovia  Valenciennes 

Pacific  sardine P     Sardinops  sagax  (Jenyns) 


COMMON   NAME                                        OCCURRENCE  SCIENTIFIC   NAME 

Engraulidae — anchovies 

Key  anchovy A     Anchoa  cayorum  (Fowler) 

Deepbody  anchovy P      Anchoa  compressa  (Girard) 

Cuban  anchovy A     Anchoa  cuhana  (Poey) 

Slough  anchovy P     Anchoa  delicalissima  (Girard) 

New  Jersey  anchovy A     Anchoa  duodecim  (Cope) 

Striped  anchovy A     Anchoa  hepsetus  (Linnaeus) 

Longnose  anchovy A     Anchoa  lamprotaenia  Hildebrand 

Dusky  anchovy A     Anchoa  lyolepis  (Evermann  and  Marsh) 

Bay  anchovy A     Anchoa  mitchilli  (Valenciennes) 

Silver  anchovy A     Anchoviella  eurystole  (Swain  and  Meek) 

Slim  anchovy P      Anchoviella  miarcha  (Jordan  and  Gilbert) 

Flat  anchovy A     Anchoviella  perfasciata  (Poey) 

Anchoveta P      Cetengratdis  mysticetus  (Giinther) 

Northern  anchovy P     Engraulis  mordax  Girard 

Salmonidae — trouts,  whitefishes,  and  graylings 

Longjaw  cisco F      Coregonus^  alpenae  (Koelz) 

Cisco  or  lake  herring F     Coregonus  artedii  LeSueur 

Arctic  cisco F      Coregonus  autumnalis  (Pallas) 

Lake  whitefish A-F   Coregonns  clupeaformis  (Mitchill) 

Bloater F      Coregonus  hoyi  (Gill) 

Deepw^ater  cisco F     Coregonus  johannae  (Wagner) 

Kiyi F     Coregonus  kiyi  (Koelz) 

Broad  whitefish F     Coregonus  nasus  (Pallas) 

Blackfin  cisco F      Coregonus  nigripinnis  (Gill) 

Nipigon  cisco F     Coregonus  nipigon  (Koelz) 

Humpback  whitefish F     Coregonus  pidschian  (Gmelin) 

Shortnose  cisco F     Coregonus  reighardi  (Koelz) 

Least  cisco F      Coregonus  sardinella  Valenciennes 

Shortjaw  cisco F      Coregonus  zenithicus  (Jordan  and  Evermann) 

Pink  salmon A-F-P Oncorhynchus  gorbuscha  (Walbaum) 

Chum  salmon P-F    Oncorhynchus  keta  (Walbaum) 

Coho  salmon A-F-P Oncorhynchus  kisutch  (Walbaum) 

Sockeye  salmon^ P-F   Oncorhynchus  nerka  (Walbaum) 

Chinook  salmon P-F   Oncorhynchus  tshawytscha  (Walbaum) 

Bear  Lake  whitefish F     Prosopium  ahyssicola  (Snyder) 

Pygmy  whitefish F  .  .Prosopium  coulteri  (Eigenmann  and  Eigenmann) 

Round  whitefish F      Prosopium  cylindraceum  (Pallas) 

Bonneville  cisco F     Prosopium  gemmiferum  (Snyder) 

Bonneville  whitefish F     Prosopium  spilonotus  (Snyder) 

Mountain  whitefish F     Prosopium  williamsoni  (Girard) 

Golden  trout F     Sahno  aguahoniia  Jordan 

Cutthroat  trout P-F    Salmo  clarki  Richardson 

Rainbow  trout^ A-F-P Salmo  gairdneri  Richardson 

Gila  trout F     Salmo  gilae  Miller 

Atlantic  salmon^ A-F  Salmo  salar  Linnaeus 

■  The  genus  Coregonus  is  here  employed  to  include  species  referred  by  some  authors  to  Leucichthys. 
'  Lacustrine  sockeye  salmon  stocks  are  known  as  kokanee. 

'  Rainbow  trout  are  commonly  called  steelhead  trout  when  they  enter  or  return  from  the  sea  and  large  inland  lakes. 
*  Lake  populations  of  Atlantic  salmon  are  variously  known  as  ouananiche,  lake  Atlantic  salmon,  landlocked  salmon,  and  Sebago 



Brown  trout A-F   Salmo  trutta  Linnaeus 

Arctic  char^ A-F-P Salvelinus  alyinus  (Linnaeus) 

Brook  trout A-F   Salvelinus  fontinalis  (Mitchill) 

Dolly  Varden P-F   Salvelinus  malma  (Walbaum) 

Lake  trout F     Salvelinus  namaycush  (Walbaum) 

Inconnu F     Stenodus  leucichthys  (Giildenstadt) 

Arctic  grayling F     Thymallus  arcticus  (Pallas) 

Osmeridae — smelts 

Whitebait  smelt P  Allosmerus  elongatus  (Ayres) 

Pond  smelt P-F  Hypomesus  olidus  (Pallas) 

Surf  smelt P-F  Hypomesus  pretiosus  (Girard) 

Capelin A-P  Mallotus  villosus  (Miiller) 

Arctic  smelt P-F  Osmerus  dentex  Steindachner 

American  smelt A-F  Osmerus  mordax  (Mitchill) 

Longfin  smelt P-F  Spirinchus  dilatus  Schultz  and  Chapman 

Night  smelt P  Spirinchus  starksi  (Fisk) 

Sacramento  smelt P-F  Spirinchus  thaleichthys  (Ayres) 

Eulachon P-F  Thaleichthys  pacificus  (Richardson) 

Argentinidae — argentines 

Pacific  argentme P     •■ Argentina  sialis  Gilbert 

Atlantic  argentine A     Argentina  silus  Ascanius 

Bathylagidae^ — deepsea  smelts 
California  smoothtongue P     Leuroglossus  stilhius  Gilbert 

Opisthoproctidae' — barreleyes 
Barreleye P     Macropinna  microstoma  Chapman 

Hiodontidae — mooneyes 

Goldeye F     Hiodon  alosoides  (Rafinesque) 

Mooneye F     Hiodon  tergisus  LeSueur 

Umbridae — mudminnows 

Alaska  blackfish F  Dallia  pectoralis  Bean 

Olympic  mudminnow F  Novumbra  huhhsi  Schultz 

Central  mudminnow F  Umbra  limi  (Kirtland) 

Eastern  mudminnow F  Umbra  pygmaea  (DeKay) 

Esocidae — pikes 

Redfin  pickerel F  Esox  americanus  americanus  Gmelin 

Grass  pickerel F  Esox  americanus  vermiculatus  LeSueur 

Chain  pickerel F  Esox  niger  LeSueur 

Northern  pike F  Esox  lucius  Linnaeus 

Muskellunge* F  Esox  masquinongy  Mitchill 

'  Sunapee  trout,  blueback  trout,  and  Quebec  red  trout  are  regarded  by  some  authors  as  species  distinct  from  the  Arctic  char. 
2  Most  deepsea  smelts  are  bathyf>elaKic;  few  enter  water  less  than  100  fathoms  deep. 

•  Bathypelagic  fishes  of  which  one  siMScies  has  been  recorded  as  a  straggler  in  our  area. 

*  Spelled  maakinonge  in  Ontario  and  Quebec. 


common  name  occurrence  scientific  name 

Order  Myctophiformes  (Iniomi) 

Synodontidae — lizardfishes 

Largescale  lizardfish A  Saurida  hrasiliensis  Norman 

Smallscale  lizardfish A  Saurida  caribbaea  Breder 

Shortjaw  lizardfish A  Saurida  normani  Longley 

Inshore  lizardfish A  Synodus  foetens  (Linnaeus) 

Sand  diver A  Synodus  intermedius  (Agassiz) 

California  lizardfish P  Synodus  lucioceps  (Ayres) 

Offshore  lizardfish A  Synodus  poeyi  Jordan 

Red  Hzardfish A  Synodus  synodus  (Linnaeus) 

Snakefish A  Trachinocephalus  myops  (Forster) 

Scopelarchidae — pearleyes 
Northern  pearleye P     Neoscopelarchoides  dentatus  Chapman 

Myctophidae — lanternfishes 

The  many  species  of  lanternfishes  are  chiefly  bathypelagic,  but  occasional  stragglers  are 
found  over  the  continental  shelf. 

Alepisauridae — lancetfishes 

Longnose  lancetfish A     Alepisaurus  ferox  Lowe 

Pacific  lancetfish P     Alepisaurus  richardsoni  Bleeker 

Order  Cypriniformes  (Ostariophysi) 

Characidae — characins  and  tetras 

Mexican  tetra F     Astyanax  mexicanus  (Filippi) 

Cyprinidae — minnows  and  carps 

Chiselmouth F     Acrocheilus  alutaceus  Agassiz  and  Pickering 

Longfin  dace F     Agosia  chrysogaster  Girard 

Stoneroller F     Campostoma  anomalum  (Rafinesque) 

Mexican  stoneroller F     Campostoma  omatum  Girard 

Goldfish F     Carassius  auratus  (Linnaeus) 

Northern  redbelly  dace F     Chrosomus  eos  Cope 

Southern  redbelly  dace F     Chrosomus  erythrogaster  (Rafinesque) 

Finescale  dace F     Chrosomus  neogaeus  (Cope) 

Mountain  redbelly  dace F     Chrosomus  oreas  Cope 

Redside  dace F     Clinostomus  elongatus  (Kirtland) 

Rosyside  dace F     Clinostomus  funduloides  Girard 

Carp F      Cyprinus  carpio  Linnaeus 

Devils  River  minnow F     Dionda  diaboli  Hubbs  and  Brown 

Roundnose  minnow F      Dionda  episcopa  Girard 

Ozark  minnow F      Dionda  nubila  (Forbes) 

Desert  dace F     Eremichthys  acros  Hubbs  and  Miller 

Silverjaw  minnow F     Ericymba  buccata  Cope 

Cutlips  minnow F      Exoglossum  maxillingua  (LeSueur) 

Utah  chub F     Gila  atraria  (Girard) 

Blue  chub F     Gila  bicolor  (Girard) 

Thicktail  chub F     Gila  crassicavda  (Baird  and  Girard) 

Hum^pback  chub F     Gila  cypha  Miller 


COMMON    NAME                                         OCCURRENCE  SCIENTIFIC   NAME 

Sonera  chub F     Gila  ditaenia  Miller 

Rio  Grande  chub F     Gila  nigrescens  (Girard) 

Arroyo  chub F      Gila  orcutti  (Eigenmann  and  Eigenmann) 

Yaqui  chub F     Gila  purpurea  (Girard) 

Bonytail F      Gila  robusta  Baird  and  Girard 

Flame  chub F     Hemitremia  flammea  (Jordan  and  Gilbert) 

California  roach F  ....  Hesperoleucus  symmetricus  (Baird  and  Girard) 

Brassy  minnow F      Hybognathus  hankinsoni  Hubbs 

Cypress  minnow F     Hybognathus  hayi  Jordan 

Silvery  minnow F     Hybognathus  nuchalis  Agassiz 

Speckled  chub F     Hybopsis^  aestivalis  (Girard) 

Bigeye  chub F     Hybopsis  amblops  (Rafinesque) 

Alabama  chub F     Hijbopsis  bellica  (Girard) 

Hornyhead  chub F      Hybopsis  biguttata  (Kirtland) 

Slender  chub F     Hybopsis  cahni  Hubbs  and  Crowe 

Oregon  chub F     Hybopsis  crameri  Snyder 

Streamline  chub F      Hybopsis  dissimilis  (Kirtland) 

Sturgeon  chub F     Hybopsis  gelida  (Girard) 

Flathead  chub F     Hybopsis  gracilis  (Richardson) 

Redeye  chub F     Hybopsis  harperi  (Fowler) 

Highback  chub F      Hybopsis  hypsinotus  (Cope) 

Blotched  chub F     Hybopsis  insignis  Hubbs  and  Crowe 

Thicklip  chub F     Hybopsis  labrosa  (Cope) 

Bluehead  chub F     Hybopsis  leptocephala  (Girard) 

Sicklefin  chub F     Hybopsis  meeki  Jordan  and  Evermann 

River  chub F     Hybopsis  micropogon  (Cope) 

Spotfin  chub F     Hijbopsis  mo7iacha  (Cope) 

Lake  chub F      Hybopsis  plumbea  (Agassiz) 

Rosyf ace  chub F      Hybopsis  rubrifrons  (Jordan) 

Silver  chub F     Hybopsis  storeriana  (Kirtland) 

Gravel  chub F     Hybopsis  x-punctata  Hubbs  and  Crowe 

Least  chub F      lotichthys  phlegethontis  (Cope) 

Hitch F     Lavinia  exilicauda  Baird  and  Girard 

Little  Colorado  spinedace F     Lepidomeda  vittata  Cope 

Spikedace F     Meda  fulgida  Girard 

Moapa  dace F     Moapa  coriacea  Hubbs  and  Miller 

Peamouth F      Mylocheilus  caurinus  (Richardson) 

Hardhead F  ...  Mylopharodon  conocephalus  (Baird  and  Girard) 

Golden  shiner F     Notemigonus  crysoleucas  (Mitchill) 

White  shiner F     Notropis  albeolus  Jordan 

Whitemouth  shiner F     Notropis  alborus  Hubbs  and  Raney 

Highfin  shiner F     Notropis  altipinnis  (Cope) 

Texas  shiner F      Notropis  amabilis  (Girard) 

Pallid  shiner F      Notropis  amnis  Hubbs  and  Greene 

Comely  shiner F     Notropis  amoenus  (Abbott) 

Satinfiii  shiner F     Notropis  analostanus  (Girard) 

Pugnose  shiner F     Notropis  anogenus  Forbes 

Rosefin  shiner ...  F      Notropis  ardens  (Cope) 

Popeye  shiner F     Notropis  ariommus  (Cope) 

Burrhead  shiner F     Notropis  asperifrons  Suttkus  and  Raney 

Emerald  shiner F      Notropis  atherinoides  Rafinesque 

'  The  genus  Hybopsis  is  here  employed  to  include  species  referred  by  some  authors  to  Couesius,  Erimystax,  Extrarius,  Macrhybopsia, 
Nocomis,  Oregonichthys,  and  Platygobio. 






Blackspot  shiner F 

Rough  shiner F 

Red  River  shiner F 

Pretty  shiner F 

Bridle  shiner F 

River  shiner F 

Bigeye  shiner F 

TamauHpas  shiner F 

Brazos  shiner F 

Smalleye  shiner F 

Ghost  shiner F 

Blue  shiner F 

Ocmulgee  shiner F 

Alabama  shiner F 

Bluestripe  shiner F 

Bluntface  shiner F 

Crescent  shiner F 

Ironcolor  shiner F 

Chihuahua  shiner F 

Redlip  shiner F 

Greenfin  shiner F 

Greenhead  shiner F 

Rainbow  shiner F 

Warpaint  shiner F 

Common  shiner F 

Dusky  shiner F 

Bigmouth  shiner F 

Broadstripe  shiner F 

Ribbon  shiner F 

Whitetail  shiner F 

Arkansas  River  shiner F 

Wedgespot  shiner F 

Blackchin  shiner F 

Blacknose  shiner F 

Spottail  shiner F 

Sailfin  shiner F 

Highscale  shiner F 

Silverband  shiner F 

Rio  Grande  shiner F 

Ohoopee  shiner F 

Plateau  shiner F 

Tennessee  shiner F 

Mountain  shiner F 

Longnose  shiner F 

Yellowfin  shiner F 

Red  shiner F 

Taillight  shiner F 

Pinewoods  shiner F 

Whitefin  shiner F 

Kiamichi  shiner F 

Sharpnose  shiner F 

Ozark  shiner F 

Plains  shiner F 

Colorless  shiner F 

Notropis  atrocaudalis  Evermann 

Notropis  haileyi  Suttkus  and  Raney 

Notropis  bairdi  Hubbs  and  Ortenburger 

Notropis  bellus  (Hay) 

Notropis  bifrenatus  (Cope) 

Notropis  blennius  (Girard) 

Notropis  boops  Gilbert 

Notropis  braytoni  Jordan  and  Evermann 

Notropis  brazosensis  Hubbs  and  Bonham 

Notropis  biiccula  Cross 

Notropis  buchanani  Meek 

Notropis  caeruleus  (Jordan) 

Notropis  callisema  (Jordan) 

Notropis  callistius  (Jordan) 

Notropis  callitaenia  Bailey  and  Gibbs 

Notropis  camurus  (Jordan  and  Meek) 

Notropis  cerasinus  (Cope) 

Notropis  chalybaeus  (Cope) 

Notropis  chihuahua  Woolman 

Notropis  chiliticus  (Cope) 

Notropis  chloristius  (Jordan  and  Bray  ton) 

Notropis  chlorocephalus  (Cope) 

Notropis  chrosomus  (Jordan) 

Notropis  coccogenis  (Cope) 

Notropis  cornutus  (Mitchill) 

Notropis  cummingsae  Myers 

Notropis  dorsalis  (Agassiz) 

Notropis  euryzonus  Suttkus 

Notropis  fumeus  Evermann 

Notropis  galacturus  (Cope) 

Notropis  girardi  Hubbs  and  Ortenburger 

Notropis  greenei  Hubbs  and  Ortenburger 

Notropis  heterodon  (Cope) 

Notropis  heterolepis  Eigenmann  and  Eigenmann 
Notropis  hudsonius  (Clinton) 

Notropis  hypselopterus  (Giinther) 

Notropis  hypsilepis  Suttkus  and  Raney 

Notropis  illecebrosus  (Girard) 

Notropis  jemezanus  (Cope) 

Notropis  leedsi  Fowler 

Notropis  lepidus  (Girard) 

Notropis  leuciodus  (Cope) 

Notropis  lirus  (Jordan) 

Notropis  longirostris  (Hay) 

Notropis  lutipinnis  (Jordan  and  Brayton) 

Notropis  lutrensis  (Baird  and  Girard) 

Notropis  maculatus  (Hay) 

Notropis  matutinus  (Cope) 

Notropis  niveus  (Cope) 

Notropis  ortenburgeri  Hubbs 

Notropis  oxyrhynchus  Hubbs  and  Bonham 

Notropis  ozarcanus  Meek 

Notropis  percobromus  (Cope) 

Notropis  perpallidus  Hubbs  and  Black 






Coastal  shiner 

Silver  shiner 

Chub  shiner 

Swallowtail  shiner .... 

Proserpine  shiner 

Fieryblack  shiner .... 

Cherryfin  shiner 

Rosyface  shiner 

Saffron  shiner 

Sabine  shiner 

New  River  shiner .... 

Sandbar  shiner 

Flagfin  shiner 

Bluntnose  shiner 

Mirror  shiner 

Spotfin  shiner 

Silverstripe  shiner .... 

Sand  shiner 

Weed  shiner 

Topeka  shiner 

Tricolor  shiner 

Redfin  shiner 

Stargazing  shiner 

Blacktail  shiner 

Mimic  shiner 

Bluenose  shiner 

Steelcolor  shiner 

Coosa  shiner 

Altamaha  shiner 

Bleeding  shiner 

Bandfin  shiner 

Pugnose  minnow 

Sacramento  blackfish. 
Tonguetied  minnow .  . 

Riffle  minnow 

Suckermouth  minnow. 
Kanawha  minnow .... 
Stargazing  minnow . .  . 
Bluntnose  minnow .  .  . 

Fathead  minnow 

Slim  minnow 

Bullhead  minnow .... 



Sacramento  squawfish 
Colorado  squawfish . . . 
Northern  squawfish .  . 
Umpqua  squawfish.  .  . 

Blacknose  dace 

Longnose  dace 

Umpqua  dace 

Leopard  dace 

Speckled  dace 


F  Notropis  peter soni  Fowler 

F  Notropis  photogenis  (Cope) 

F  Notropis  potteri  Hubbs  and  Bonham 

F  Notropis  procne  (Cope) 

F  Notropis  proserpinus  (Girard) 

F  Notropis  pyrrhomelas  (Cope) 

F  Notropis  roseipinnis  (Hay) 

F  Notropis  rubellus  (Agassiz) 

F  Notropis  rubricroceus  (Cope) 

F  Notropis  sabinae  Jordan  and  Gilbert 

F  Notropis  scahriceps  (Cope) 

F  Notropis  scepticus  (Jordan  and  Gilbert) 

F  Notropis  signipinnis  Bailey  and  Suttkus 

F  Notropis  simus  (Cope) 

F  Notropis  spectrunculus  (Cope) 

F  Notropis  spilopterus  (Cope) 

F  Notropis  stilbius  (Jordan) 

F  Notropis  stramineus  (Cope) 

F  Notropis  texanus  (Girard) 

F  Notropis  topeka  Gilbert 

F  Notropis  trichroistius  (Jordan  and  Gilbert) 

F  Notropis  umbratilis  (Girard) 

F  Notropis  uranoscopus  Suttkus 

F  Notropis  venustus  (Girard) 

F  Notropis  volucellus  (Cope) 

F  Notropis  welaka  Evermann  and  Kendall 

F  Notropis  whipplei  (Girard) 

F  Notropis  xaenocephalus  (Jordan) 

F  Notropis  xaenurus  (Jordan) 

F  Notropis  zonatus  (Agassiz) 

F  Notropis  zonistius  (Jordan) 

F  Opsopoeodus  emiliae  Hay 

F  Orthodon  microlepidotus  (Ayres) 

F  Parexoglossum  laurae  Hubbs 

F  Phenacobius  catostomus  Jordan 

F  Phenacobius  mirabilis  (Girard) 

F  Phenacobius  teretulus  Cope 

F  Phenacobius  uranops  Cope 

F  Pimephales  notatus  (Rafinesque) 

F  Pimephales  promelas  Rafinesque 

F  Pimephales  tenellus  (Girard) 

F  Pimephales  vigilax  (Baird  and  Girard) 

F  Plagopterus  argentissimus  Cope 

F  Pogonichthys  macrolepidotus  (Ayres) 

F  Ptychocheilus  grandis  (Ayres) 

F  Ptychocheilus  lucius  Girard 

F  Ptychocheilus  oregonensis  (Richardson) 

F  Ptychocheilus  umpquae  Snyder 

F  Rhinichthys  atratulus  (Hermann) 

F  Rhinichthys  cataractae  (Valenciennes) 

F  Rhinichthys  evermanni  Snyder 

F  .  Rhinichthys  falcatus  (Eigenmann  and  Eigenmann) 

F  Rhinichthys  osculus  (Girard) 

F  Rhodeus  sericeus  (Pallas) 






Redside  shiner 

Lahontan  redside 


Creek  chub 


Pearl  dace 

Tui  chub 

Mohave  chub 

Leatherside  chub 

Loach  minnow 


River  carpsucker 


Plains  carpsucker 

Highfin  carpsucker 

Utah  sucker 

Longnose  sucker 

Bridgelip  sucker 

White  sucker 

Webug  sucker 

Sonora  sucker . 

Flannelmouth  sucker 

Lost  River  sucker 

Largescale  sucker 

Modoc  sucker 

Sacramento  sucker 

Klamath  smallscale  sucker 
Klamath  largescale  sucker. 

Tahoe  sucker 

Warner  sucker 

Shortnose  sucker 


June  sucker 

Blue  sucker 

Creek  chubsucker 

Lake  chubsucker 

Sharpfin  chubsucker 

Alabama  hog  sucker 

Northern  hog  sucker 

Roanoke  hog  sucker 

Smallmouth  buffalo 

Bigmouth  buffalo 

Black  buffalo 

Harelip  sucker 

Spotted  sucker 

Silver  redhorse 

Bigeye  jumprock 

Blackfin  sucker 

F  Richardsonius  balteatus  (Richardson) 

F  Richardsonius  egregius  (Girard) 

F  Scardinius  erythrophthalmus  (Linnaeus) 

F  Semotilus  atromaculaius  (Mitchill) 

F  Semotilus  corporalis  (Mitchill) 

F  Semotilus  marganta  (Cope) 

F  Siphateles  bicolor  (Girard) 

F  Siphateles  mohavensis  Snyder 

F  Snyderichthys  copei  (Jordan  and  Gilbert) 

F  Tiaroga  cobitis  Girard 

F  Tinea  tinea  (Linnaeus) 

Catostomidae — suckers 

F  Carpiodes  carpio  (Rafinesque) 

F  Carpiodes  cyprinus  (LeSueur) 

F  Carpiodes  forbesi  Hubbs 

F  Carpiodes  velifer  (Rafinesque) 

F  Catostomus  ardens  Jordan  and  Gilbert 

F  Catostomus  catostomus  (Forster) 

F  Catostomus  columbianus 

(Eigenmann  and  Eigenmann) 

F  Catostomus  commersoni  (LacepMe) 

F  Catostomus  fecundus  Cope  and  Yarrow 

F  Catostomus  insignis  Baird  and  Girard 

F  Catostomus  latipinnis  Baird  and  Girard 

F  Catostomus  luxatus  (Cope) 

F  Catostomus  macrocheilus  Girard 

F  Catostomus  microps  Rutter 

F  Catostomus  occidentalis  Ayres 

F  Catostomus  rimiculus  Gilbert  and  Snyder 

F  Catostomus  snyderi  Gilbert 

F  Catostomus  tahoensis  Gill  and  Jordan 

F  Catostomus  warnerensis  Snyder 

F  Chasmistes  brevirostris  Cope 

F  Chasmistes  cujus  Cope 

F  Chasmistes  liorus  Jordan 

F  Cycleptus  elongatus  (LeSueur) 

F  Erimyzon  oblongus  (Mitchill) 

F  Erimyzon  sucetta  (Lacepede) 

F  Erimyzon  tenuis  (Agassiz) 

F  Hypentelium  etowanum  (Jordan) 

F  Hypentelium  nigricans  (LeSueur) 

F  Hypentelium  roanokense  Raney  and  Lachner 

F  Ictiobus  bubalus  (Rafinesque) 

F  Ictiobus  cyprinellus  (Valenciennes) 

F  Ictiobus  niger  (Rafinesque) 

F  Lagochila  lacera  Jordan  and  Brayton 

F  Minytrema  melanops  (Rafinesque) 

F  Moxostoma  anisurum  (Rafinesque) 

F  Moxostoma  ariommum  Robins  and  Raney 

F  Moxostoma  atripinne  Bailey 

'  Pronounced  kwe^-wee. 






Shorthead  redhorse ... 

River  redhorse 

Black  jumprock 

V-lip  redhorse 

Gray  redhorse 

CaroUna  redhorse .... 

Black  redhorse 

Golden  redhorse 

Rustyside  sucker 

Copper  redhorse 

Greater  jumprock 

Neuse  redhorse 

Northern  redhorse 

Suckermouth  redhorse . 
Blacktail  redhorse . . . . , 

Torrent  sucker 

Smallfin  redhorse 

Striped  jumprock 

Greater  redhorse 

Gila  sucker 

Bluehead  sucker 

White  River  sucker 

Mountain  sucker 

Rio  Grande  sucker .  .  .  . 

Lahontan  sucker 

Santa  Ana  sucker 

Green  sucker 

Humpback  sucker 

F  Moxostoma  breviceps  (Cope) 

F  Moxostoma  carinatum  (Cope) 

F  Moxostoma  cervinum  (Cope) 

F  Moxostoma  collapsum  (Cope) 

F  Moxostoma  congestum  (Baird  and  Girard) 

F  Moxostoma  coregonus  (Cope) 

F  Moxostoma  duquesnei  (LeSueur) 

F  Moxostoma  erythrurum  (Rafinesque) 

F  Moxostoma  hamiltoni  (Raney  and  Lachner) 

F  Moxostoma  huhhsi  Legendre 

F  Moxostoma  lachneri  Robins  and  Raney 

F  Moxostoma  lachrymale  (Cope) 

F  Moxostoma  macrolepidotum  (LeSueur) 

F  Moxostoma  pappillosum  (Cope) 

F  Moxostoma  poecilurum  (Jordan) 

F  Moxostoma  rhothoecum  (Thoburn) 

F  Moxostoma  robustum  (Cope) 

F  Moxostoma  rupiscartes  Jordan  and  Jenkins 

F  Moxostoma  valenciennesi  Jordan 

F  Pantosteus  clarki  (Baird  and  Girard) 

F  Pantosteus  delphinus  (Cope) 

F  Pantosteus  intermedius  (Tanner) 

F  Pantosteus  platyrhynchus  (Cope) 

F  Pantosteus  plebeius  (Baird  and  Girard) 

F  Pantosteus  lahontan  Rutter 

F  Pantosteus  santaanae  Snyder 

F  Pantosteus  virescens  Cope 

F  Xyrau^hen  texanus  (Abbott) 

Cobitidae — loaches 

Oriental  weatherfish F 

.  Misgurnus  anguillicaudatus  (Cantor) 

Gafftopsail  catfish. 
Sea  catfish 

Ariidae — sea  catfishes 

A     Bagre  marinus  (Mitchill) 

A     Galeichthys  felis  (Linnaeus) 

White  catfish 

Blue  catfish 

Headwater  catfish . 

Black  bullhead 

Yellow  bullhead . . . 
Brown  bullhead ... 

Flat  bullhead 

Yaqui  catfish 

Channel  catfish .  .  . 
Mountain  madtom 
Slender  madtom .  . 


Black  madtom .... 
Carolina  madtom .  . 
Orangefin  madtom . 
Tadpole  madtom . . 

Ictaluridae — freshwater  catfishes 

F     Idalurus  catus  (Linnaeus) 

F     Ictalurus  furcatus  (LeSueur) 

F     Ictalurus  lupus  (Girard) 

F     Ictalurus  melas  (Rafinesque) 

F     Ictalurus  natalis  (LeSueur) 

F     Ictalurus  nebulosus  (LeSueur) 

F     Ictalurus  platycephalus  (Girard) 

F     Ictalurus  pricei  (Rutter) 

F     Ictalurus  punctatus  (Rafinesque) 

F      Noturus  eleutherus  Jordan 

F     Noturus  exilis  Nelson 

F     Noturus  flavus  Rafinesque 

F     Noturus  funebris  Gilbert  and  Swain 

F      Noturus  furiosus  Jordan  and  Meek 

F     Noturus  gilberti  Jordan  and  Evermann 

F     Noturus  gyrinus  (Mitchill) 



Least  madtom F  Noturus  hildehrandi  (Bailey  and  Taylor) 

Margined  madtom F  Noturus  insignis  (Richardson) 

Speckled  madtom F  Noturus  leptacanthus  Jordan 

Brindled  madtom F  Noturus  miurus  Jordan 

Freckled  madtom F  Noturus  nocturnus  Jordan  and  Gilbert 

Flathead  catfish F  Pylodictis  olivaris  (Rafinesque) 

Widemouth  blindcat F  Satan  eurystomus  Hubbs  and  Bailey 

Toothless  blindcat F  Trogloglanis  pattersoni  Eigenmann 

Order  Anguilliformes  (Apodes) 

Anguillidae — freshwater  eels 

American  eel A-F  Anguilla  rostrata  (LeSueur) 

Muraenidae— morays 

Pygmy  moray A  Anarchias  yoshiae  Kanazawa 

Chain  moray A  Echidna  catenata  (Bloch) 

Viper  moray A  Enchelycore  nigricans  (Bonnaterre) 

Green  moray A  Gymnothnrax  funebris  Ranzani 

California  moray P  Gymnothorax  mordax  (Ayres) 

Spotted  moray A  Gymnothorax  moringa  (Cuvier) 

Blackedge  moray A  Gymnothorax  nigronmrginatus  (Girard) 

Purplemoiith  moray A  Gymnothorax  vicinus  (Castelnau) 

Golden  tail  mora}/- A  Muraena  milians  (Kaup) 

Reticulate  moray A  Muraena  retifera  Goode  and  Bean 

Nemichthyidae — snipe  eels 

Fishes  of  this  family  inhabit  the  deep  seas  and  thus  are  not  members  of  the  fauna  covered 
in  this  list. 

Congridae — conger  eels 

Bandtooth  conger A  Ariosoma  impressa  (Poey) 

Margintail  conger A  Conger  caudilimhatus  (Poey) 

Conger  eel A  Conger  oceanicus  (Mitchill) 

Manytooth  conger A  Conger  triporiceps  Kanazawa 

Yellow  conger A  Congrina  flava  (Goode  and  Bean) 

Whiptail  conger A  Congrina  gracilior  Ginsburg 

Silver  conger A  Hoplunnis  macrurus  Ginsburg 

Slender  pike  eel A  Neoconger  mucronatus  Girard 

Catalina  conger P  Rhynchocymha  catalinensis  Wade 

Ophichthidae — snake  eels 

Key  worm  eel A  A  hlia  egmontis  (Jordan) 

Whip  eel A  Bascanichthys  scuticaris  (Goode  and  Bean) 

Sooty  eel A  Bascanichthys  teres  (Goode  and  Bean) 

Surf  eel A  Caecula  conklini  (Eigenmann) 

Blotched  snake  eel A  Callechelys  muraena  Jordan  and  Evermann 

Shorttail  snake  eel A  Callechelys  perryae  Storey 

Ridgefin  eel A  Cryptopterygium  holochroma  Ginsburg 

Horsehair  eel A  Gordiichthys  irretitus  Jordan  and  Davis 

Thread  eel A  Gordiichthys  springeri  Ginsburg 

California  worm  eel P  Hesperomyrus  fryi  Myers  and  Storey 

Sailfin  eel A  Letharchus  velifer  Goode  and  Bean 

Sharptail  eel A  Myrichthys  acuminatus  (Gronow) 



Goldspotted  eel A     Myrichthys  oculatus  (Kaup) 

Tiger  snake  eel P     Myrichthys  tigrinus  Girard 

Speckled  worm  eel A     Myrophis  punctatus  Liitken 

Spotted  spoon-nose  eel A     Mystriophis  intertinctus  (Richardson) 

Snapper  eel A     Mystriophis  mordax  (Poey) 

Stippled  spoon-nose  eel A     Mystriophis  punctifer  (Kaup) 

Shrimp  eel A     Ophichthus  gomesi  (Castelnau) 

Palespotted  eel A     Ophichthus  ocellatus  (LeSueur) 

Spotted  snake  eel A     Ophichthus  ophis  (Linnaeus) 

Pacific  snake  eel P     Ophichthus  triserialis  (Kaup) 

Yellow  snake  eel P     Ophichthus  zophochir  (Jordan  and  Gilbert) 

Finless  eel A     Verma  kendalli  (Gilbert) 

Dysommidae — mustard  eels 
Mustard  eel A     Dysomma  aphododera  Ginsburg 

Order  Notacanthiformes  (Heteromi) 

Notacanthidae — spiny  eels 

Spiny  eel A     Notacanthus  nasus  Bloch 

Order  Beloniformes  (Synentognathi) 

Scomberesocidae — sauries 

Pacific  saury P     Cololabis  saira  (Brevoort) 

Atlantic  saury A     Scomberesox  saurus  (Walbaum) 

Belonidae — needlefishes 

Flat  needlefish A     Ahlennes  Mans  (Valenciennes) 

Agujon A     Strongylura  acus  (Lacep^de) 

Cahfornia  needlefish P     Strongylura  exilis  (Girard) 

Atlantic  needlefish A     Strongylura  marina  (Walbaum) 

Redfin  needlefish A     Strongylura  notata  (Poey) 

Houndfish A     Strongylura  raphidoma  (Ranzani) 

Timucu A     Strongylura  timucu  (Walbaum) 

Hemiramphidae — halfbeaks 

Hardhead  half  beak A  Chriodorus  atherinoides  Goode  and  Bean 

Flying  half  beak A  Euleptorhamphus  velox  Poey 

Ribbon  half  beak P  Euleptorhamphus  viridis  (van  Hasselt) 

Balao A  Hemiramphus  halao  LeSueur 

Ballyhoo A  Hemiramphus  brasiliensis  (Linnaeus) 

Longfin  half  beak P  Hemiramphus  saltator  Gilbert  and  Starks 

California  half  beak P  Hyporhamphus  rosae  (Jordan  and  Gilbert) 

Half  beak A-P  Hyporhamphus  unifasciatus  (Ranzani) 

Exocoetidae — flyingfishes 

California  flyingfish P  Cypselurus  calif ornicus  (Cooper) 

Clearwing  flyingfish A  Cypselurus  comatus  (Mitchill) 

Margined  flyingfish A  Cypselurus  cyanopterus  (Valenciennes) 

Bandwing  flyingfish A  Cypselurus  exsiliens  (Linnaeus) 

Spotfin  flyingfish A  Cypselurus  furcatus  (Mitchill) 

Atlantic  flyingfish A  Cypselurus  heterurus  (Rafinesque) 



Oceanic  two-wing  flyingfish A  Exocoetus  ohtusirostris  Giinther 

Tropical  two-wing  flyingfish A  Exocoetus  volitans  Linnaeus 

Sharpchin  flyingfish P  Fodiator  acutus  (Valenciennes) 

Fourwing  flyingfish A  Hirundichthys  affinis  (Giinther) 

Smallwing  flyingfish A  Oxyporhamphus  micropterus  (Valenciennes) 

Sailfin  flyingfish A  Par  exocoetus  brachypterus  (Richardson) 

Bluntnose  flyingfish A  Prognichthys  gibbifrons  (Valenciennes) 

Blackwing  flyingfish P  Prognichthys  rondeleti  (Valenciennes) 

Order  Cyprinodontiformes  (Microcyprini) 

Cyprinodontidae — kiUifishes 

Diamond  killifish A  Adinia  xenica  (Jordan  and  Gilbert) 

White  River  killifish F  Crenichthys  baileyi  (Gilbert) 

Railroad  Valley  killifish F  Crenichthys  nevadae  Hubbs 

Leon  Springs  pupfish F  Cyprinodon  bovinus  Baird  and  Girard 

Devils  Hole  pupfish F  Cyprinodon  diabolis  Wales 

Comanche  Springs  pupfish F  Cyprinodon  elegans  Baird  and  Girard 

Lake  Eustis  minnow F  Cyprinodon  hubbsi  Carr 

Desert  pupfish F  Cyprinodon  macularius  Baird  and  Girard 

Nevada  pupfish F  Cyprinodon  nevadensis 

Eigenmann  and  Eigenmann 

Owens  River  pupfish F  Cyprinodon  radiosiis  Miller 

Red  River  pupfish F  Cyprinodon  rubrofluviatilis  I^'owler 

Salt  Creek  pupfish F  Cyprinodon  salinus  Miller 

Sheepshead  minnow A-F  Cyprinodon  variegaius  LacepMe 

Pahrump  killifish F  Empetrichthys  latos  Miller 

Ash  Meadow^s  killifish F  Empetrichthys  merriami  Gilbert 

Goldspotted  killifish A  Floridichthys  carpio  (Giinther) 

Whiteline  topminnow F  Fundulus  albolineatus  Gilbert 

Northern  studfish F  Fundulus  catenatus  (Storer) 

Golden  topminnow F  Fundidus  chrysotus  (Giinther) 

Banded  topminnow F  Fundulus  cingulatus  Valenciennes 

Marsh  killifish A-F  Fundulus  confluentus  Goode  and  Bean 

Banded  killifish F  Fundulus  diaphanus  (LeSueur) 

Gulf  killifish A  Fundulus  grandis  Baird  and  Girard 

Mummichog A-F  Fundulus  heteroclitus  (Linnaeus) 

Saltmarsh  topminnow A-F  Fundulus  jenkinsi  (Evermann) 

Plains  killifish F  Fundidus  kansae  Garman 

Spotfin  killifish A  Fundulus  liwiae  (Baird) 

Striped  killifish A  Fundulus  majalis  (Walbaum) 

Blackstripe  topminnow F  Fundulus  notatus  (Rafiiiesque) 

Starhead  topminnow F  Fundulus  notti  (Agassiz) 

Blackspotted  topminnow F  Fundulus  olivaceus  (Storer) 

California  killifish P-F Fundulus  parvipinnis  Girard 

Bayou  killifish A-F  Fundulus  pulvereus  (Evermann) 

Speckled  killifish F  Fundulus  rathbuni  Jordan  and  Meek 

Plains  topminnow F  Fundulus  sciadicus  Cope 

Seminole  killifish F  Fundulus  seminolis  Girard 

Longnose  killifish A  Fundulus  similis  (Baird  and  Girard) 

Southern  studfish F  Fundulus  stellifer  (Jordan) 

Waccamaw  killifish F  Fundulus  waccamensis  Hubbs  and  Raney 

Rio  Grande  killifish F  Fundulus  zebrinus  Jordan  and  Gilbert 

Flagfish F  Jordanella  floridae  Goode  and  Bean 


COMMON   NAME                                        OCCURRENCE  SCIENTIFIC    NAME 

Pygmy  killifish F     Leptolucania  ommaia  (Jordan) 

Bluefin  killifish F      Lucania  goodei  Jordan 

Rainwater  killifish A-F   Lucania  parva  (Baird  and  Girard) 

Rivulus F     Rivulus  marmoratus  Foey 

Poeciliidae — livebearers 

Mosquitofish A-F  Gambusia  affinis  (Baird  and  Girard) 

Big  Bend  gambusia F     Gambusia  gaigei  Hubbs 

Largespring  gambusia F     Gambusia  geiseri  Hubbs  and  Hubbs 

Clear  Creek  gambusia F     Gambusia  heterochir  Hubbs 

Pecos  gambusia F     Gambusia  nobilis  (Baird  and  Girard) 

Blotched  gambusia F     Gambusia  senilis  Girard 

Least  killifish F      Heterandria  formosa  Agassiz 

Amazon  molly F      Mollienesia  formosa  (Girard) 

Sailfin  molly A-F   Mollienesia  latipinna  LeSueur 

Gila  topminnow F     Poeciliopsis  occidentalis  (Baird  and  Girard) 

Amblyopsidae — cavefishes 

Ozark  cavefish F     Amblyopsis  rosae  (Eigenmann) 

Northern  cavefish F     Amblyopsis  spelaea  DeKay 

Spring  cavefish F     Chologaster  agassizi  Putnam 

Swampfish F      Chologaster  cornuta  Agassiz 

Southern  cavefish F     Typhlichthys  subterraneus  Girard 

Order  Gadiformes  (Anacanthini) 

Gadidae — codfishes  and  hakes 

Polar  cod A     Arctogadus  glacialis  (Peters) 

Arctic  cod A-P  Boreogadus  saida  (Lepechin) 

Cusk A     Brosme  brosme  (Miiller) 

Saffron  cod P     Eleginus  gracilis  (Tilesius) 

Fourbeard  rockUng A     Enchelyopus  cimbrius  (Linnaeus) 

Pacific  cod P     Godus  macrocephalus  Tilesius 

Atlantic  cod A     Gadus  morhua  Linnaeus 

Greenland  cod A     Gadus  ogac  Richardson 

Burbot F     Lota  lota  (Linnaeus) 

Haddock A     Melanogrammus  aeglefinus  (Linnaeus) 

Silver  hake A     Merlu£cius  bilinearis  (Mitchill) 

Pacific  hake P     Merlu^cius  productus  (Ayres) 

Pacific  tomcod P     Microgadus  proximus  (Girard) 

Atlantic  tomcod A     Microgadus  tomcod  (Walbaum) 

Longfin  hake A     Phycis  chesteri  Goode  and  Bean 

Pollock A     Pollachius  virens  (Linnaeus) 

Walleye  pollock P     Theragra  chalcogrammus  (Pallas) 

Squirrel  hake A     Urophycis  chuss  (Walbaum) 

Gulf  hake A     Urophycis  cirratus  (Goode  and  Bean) 

Carolina  hake A     Urophycis  earlli  Bean 

Southern  hake A     Urophycis  floridanus  (Bean  and  Dresel) 

Spotted  hake A     Urophycis  regius  (Walbaum) 

White  hake A     Urophycis  tenuis  (Mitchill) 

Macrouridae — grenadiers^ 
Marlin-spike A     Nezumia  bairdi  (Goode  and  Bean) 

>  Most  grenadiers,  or  rat-taila,  live  in  deep  water,  but  one  species  is  found  in  Atlantic  shore  waters. 


common  name  occurrence  scientific  name 

Order   Gasterosteiformes    (Thoracostei    +    Hemibil\nchii    +    Lophobranchii    + 


Gasterosteidae — sticklebacks 

Fourspine  stickleback A-F   Apeltes  quadracus  (Mitchill) 

Brook  stickleback F     Eucalia  inconstans  (Kirtland) 

Threespine  stickleback A-F-P Gasterosteus  aculeatus  Linnaeus 

Twospine  stickleback A     Gasterosteus  wheatlandi  Putnam 

Ninespine  stickleback A-F   Pungitius  pungitius  (Linnaeus) 

Aulorhyn  chidae — tube-snou  ts 
Tube-snout P     Aulorhynchus  flavidus  Gill 

Aulostomidae — trumpetfishes 
Trumpetfish A     Aulostomus  maculatus  Valenciennes 

Fistulariidae — cornetfishes 
Cornetfish A     Fistularia  tabacaria  Linnaeus 

Centriscidae — snipefishes 

Slender  snipefish A-P   Macrorhamphosus  gracilis  (Lowe) 

Longspine  snipefish A     Macrorhamphosus  scolopax  (Linnaeus) 

Syngnathidae — pipefishes  and  seahorses 

Whitenose  pipefish A  Corythoichthys  albirostris  Hecke^ 

Crested  pipefish A  Corythoichthys  brachycephalus  (Poey) 

Swivelhead  pipefish P  Dermatostethus  punctipinnis  Gill 

Spotted  seahorse A  Hippocampus  erectus  Perry 

Pacific  seahorse P  Hippocampus  ingens  Girard 

Offshore  seahorse A  Hippocampus  obtusus  Ginsburg 

Dwarf  seahorse A  Hippocampus  zosterae  Jordan  and  Gilbert 

Fringed  pipefish A  Micrognathus  crinigerus  (Bean  and  Dresel) 

Insular  pipefish A  Micrognathus  crinitus  (Jenyns) 

Banded  pipefish A  Micrognathus  vittatus  (Kaup) 

Opossum  pipefish A  Oostethus  lineatus  (Kaup) 

Snubnose  pipefish P  Syngnathus  arctus  (Jenkins  and  Evermann) 

Barred  pipefish P  Syngnathus  auliscus  (Swain) 

Kelp  pipefish P  Syngnathus  californiensis  Storer 

Pugnose  pipefish A  Syngnathus  dunckeri  Metzelaar 

Shortfin  pipefish A  Syngnathus  elucens  Poey 

Dusky  pipefish A  Syngnathus  floridae  (Jordan  and  Gilbert) 

Northern  pipefish A  Syngnathus  fuscus  Storer 

Bay   pipefish P  Syngnathus  griseolineatus  Ayres 

Chain  pipefish A  Syngnathus  louisianae  Giinther 

Sargassum   pipefish A  Syngnathus  pelagicus  Linnaeus 

Gulf  pipefish A  Syngnathus  scovelli  (Evermann  and  Kendall) 

Bull  pipefish A  Syngnathus  springeri  Herald 

Order  Lampridiformes  (Allotriognathi) 

Lamprididae — opahs 

Opah A-P   Lampris  regius  (Bonnaterre) 



Stylephoridae — tube-eyes 
Tube-eye A     Stylephorus  chordatus  Shaw 

Lophotidae — crestfishes 
Crestfish A-P  Lophotus  capellei  (Schlegel) 

Regalecidae — Garfishes 
Garfish A-P  Regalecus  glesne  (Ascanius) 

Trachipteridae — ribbonfishes 

Dealfish A  Trachipterus  arcticus  (Briinnich) 

Scalloped  ribbonfish A-P  Trachipterus  cristatus  Bonelli 

Polka-dot  ribbonfish A-P  Trachipterus  polystictus  Ogilby 

King-of-the-salmon P  Trachipterus  trachypterus  (Gmelin) 

Order  Beryciformes  (Berycoidei) 

Polymyxiidae — beardfishes 

Beardfish A     Polymixia  lowei  Giinther 

Holocentridae — squirrelfishes  and  soldierfishes 

Squirrelfish A  Holocentrus  ascensionis  (Osbeck) 

Deepwater  squirrelfish A  Holocentrus  hullisi  Woods 

Reef  squirrelfish A  Holocentrus  coruscus  (Poey) 

Longjaw  squirrelfish A  Holocentrus  marianus  (Cuvier) 

Longspine  squirrelfish A  Holocentrus  rufus  (Walbaum) 

Dusky  squirrelfish A  Holocentrus  vexillarius  (Poey) 

Blackbar  soldierfish A  Myripristis  jacobus  Cuvier 

Bigeye  soldierfish A  Ostichthys  trachypomus  (Giinther) 

Cardinal  soldierfish A  Plectrypops  retrospinis  (Guichenot) 

Order  Percopsiformes  (Salmopercae) 

Percopsidae — trout-perches 

Trout-perch F     Percopsis  omiscomaycus  (Walbaum) 

Sand  roller F     Percopsis  transmoniana 

(Eigenmann  and  Eigenmann) 

Aphredoderidae — pirate  perches 
Pirate  perch F     Aphredoderus  sayanus  (Gilliams) 

Order  Zeiformes  (Zeomorphi) 

Zeidae — dories 

American  John  Dory A     Zenopsis  ocellata  (Storer) 

Caproidae — boarfishes 

Deepbody  boarfish A     Antigonia  capros  Lowe 

Shortspine  boarfish A     Antigonia  comhatia  Berry  and  Rathjen 

Order  Perciformes  (Percomorphi  ;  Acanthopterygii) 

Centropomidae — snooks 

Swordspine  snook A     Centropomus  ensijerus  Poey 

Little  snook A     Centropomus  parallelus  Poey 


COMMON    NAME                                        OCCURRENCE  SCIENTIFIC   NAME 

Tarpon  snook A     Centropomus  pectinatus  Poey 

Snook A     Centropomus  undecimalis  (Bloch) 

Serranidae^ — sea  basses 

Mutton  hamlet A     Alphestes  afer  (Bloch) 

Crimson  bass A     Anthias  asperilinguis  Giinther 

Southern  sea  bass A     Centropristes  melanus  Ginsburg 

Bank  sea  bass A     Centropristes  ocyurus  (Jordan  and  Evermann) 

Rock  sea  bass A     Centropristes  philadelphicus  (Linnaeus) 

Black  sea  bass A     Centropristes  striatus  (Linnaeus) 

Coney A     Cephalopholis  fulva  (Linnaeus) 

Marbled  grouper A     Dermatolepis  inermis  (Valenciennes) 

Dwarf  sand  perch A     Diplectrum  bivittatum  (Valenciennes) 

Sand  perch A     Diplectrum  formosum  (Linnaeus) 

Rock  hind A     Epinephelus  adscensionis  (Osbeck) 

Spotted  cabrilla P       Epinephelus  analogus  Gill 

Speckled  hind A     Epinephelus  drummondhayi  Goode  and  Bean 

Yellowedge  grouper A     Epinephelus  flavolimbatus  Poey 

Red  hind A     Epinephelus  guttatus  (Linnaeus) 

Jewfish A     Epinephelus  itajara  (Lichtenstein) 

Red  grouper A     Epinephelus  morio  (Valenciennes) 

Warsaw  grouper A     Epinephelus  nigritus  (Holbrook) 

Snowy  grouper A     Epinephelus  niveatus  (Valenciennes) 

Nassau  grouper A     Epinephelus  striatus  (Bloch) 

Spanish  flag A     Gonioplectrus  hispanus  (Cuvier) 

Longtail  bass A     Hemanthias  leptus  (Ginsburg) 

Splittail  bass P      Hemanthias  peruanus  (Steindachner) 

Red  barbier A     Hemanthias  vivanus  (Jordan  and  Swain) 

Butter  hamlet A     Hypoplectrus  unicolor  (Walbaum) 

Black  grouper A     Mycteroperca  bonaci  (Poey) 

Gulf  grouper P  ....  Mycteroperca  jordani  (Jenkins  and  Evermann) 

Gag A     Mycteroperca  microlepis  (Goode  and  Bean) 

Scamp A     Mycteroperca  phenax  Jordan  and  Swain 

Tiger  grouper A     Mycteroperca  tigris  (Valenciennes) 

Yellowfin  grouper A     Mycteroperca  venenosa  (Linnaeus) 

Broomtail  grouper P     Mycteroperca  xenarcha  Jordan 

Roughtongue  bass A     Ocyanthias  martinicensis  (Guichenot) 

Blackear  bass A     Paracentropristes  pomospilus  Ginsburg 

Kelp  bass P     Paralabrax  clathratus  (Girard) 

Spotted  sand  bass P     Paralabrax  maculatofasciatus  (Steindachner) 

Sand  bass P     Paralabrax  nebulifer  (Girard) 

Creole-fish A     Paranthias  furcifer  (Valenciennes) 

Graysby A     Petrometopon  cruentatum  (Lac^p^de) 

Yellowtail  bass A     Pikea  mexicana  Schultz 

Wreckfish A     Polyprion  americanus  (Bloch  and  Schneider) 

Orangeback  bass A     Prionodes  annularis  (Giinther) 

Lantern  bass A     Prionodes  baldwini  Evermann  and  Marsh 

Saddle  bass A     Prionodes  notospilus  (Longley) 

Tattler A     Prionodes  phoebe  (Poey) 

Streamer  bass A     Pronotogrammus  aureorubens  Longley 

Reef  bass A     Pseudogrammus  brederi  (Hildebrand) 

White  perch A-F  Roccus  americanus  (Gmelin) 

1  In  addition  to  the  epeeiea  listed,  two  are  sufficiently  important  in  the  sport  fishery  near  our  area  oS  Florida  to  warrant  mention: 
misty  grouper,  Epinephelus  mystacinua  (Poey);  yeUowmouth  grouper  Mycteroperca  inter stitialia  (Poey). 


COMMON   NAME                                        OCCURRENCE  SCIENTIFIC   NAME 

White  bass F     Roccus  chrysops  (Rafinesque) 

Yellow  bass F  .  .Roccus  mississippiensis  (Jordan  and  Eigenmann) 

Striped  bass A-F-P Roccus  saxatilis  (Walbaum) 

Freckled  soapfish A     Rypticus  arenatus  Cuvier 

Soapfish A     Rypticus  saponaceus  (Bloch  and  Schneider) 

Spotted  soapfish A     Rypticus  suhhifrenatus  (Gill) 

Belted  sandfish A     Serranellus  suhligarius  (Cope) 

Pygmy  sea  bass A     Serraniculus  pumilio  Ginsburg 

Chalk  bass A     Serranus  tortugarum  Longley 

Giant  sea  bass P Stereolepis  gigas  Ayres 

Lobotidae — tripletails 

Tripletail A     Lobotes  surinamensis  (Bloch) 

Lut  j  anidae — snappers 

Black  snapper A     Apsilus  dentatus  Guichenot 

Queen  snapper A     Etelis  oculatus  (Valenciennes) 

Mutton  snapper A     Lutjanus  analis  (Cuvier) 

Schoolmaster A     Lutjanus  apodus  (Walbaum) 

Red  snapper A     Lutjanus  blackfordi  Goode  and  Bean 

Blackfin  snapper A     Lutjanus  hux;canella  (Cuvier) 

Caribbean  red  snapper A     Lutjanus  campechanus  (Poey) 

Cubera  snapper A     Lutjanus  cyanopterus  (Cuvier) 

Gray  snapper A     Lutjanus  griseus  (Linnaeus) 

Dog  snapper A     Lutjanus  jocu  (Bloch  and  Schneider) 

Mahogany  snapper A     Lutjanus  mahogoni  (Cuvier) 

Lane  snapper A     Lutjanus  synagris  (Linnaeus) 

Silk  snapper A     Lutjanus  vivanus  (Cuvier) 

Yellowtail  snapper A     Ocyurus  chrysurus  (Bloch) 

Wenchman A     Pristipomoides  andersoni  Ginsburg 

Vermilion  snapper A     Rhomboplites  aurorubens  (Cuvier) 

Priacanthidae — bigeyes 

Bigeye A     Priacanthus  arenatus  Cuvier 

Glasseye  snapper A     Priacanthus  cruentatus  (Lacepede) 

Short  bigeye A     Pristigenys  alta  (Gill) 

Popeye  cataluf a P     Pristigenys  serrula  (Gilbert) 

Apogonidae — cardinalfishes 

Bronze  cardinalfish A     Apogon  alutus  Jordan  and  Gilbert 

Bridle  cardinalfish A     Apogon  aurolineatus  (Mowbray) 

Barred  cardinalfish A     Apogon  binotatus  (Poey) 

Freckled  cardinalfish A     Apogon  conklini  (Silvester) 

Whitestar  cardinalfish A     Apogon  lachneri  Bohlke 

Flamefish A     Apogon  maculatus  (Poey) 

Dusky  cardinalfish A     Apogon  pigmentarius  (Poey) 

Pale  cardinalfish A     Apogon  planifrons  Longley  and  Hildebrand 

Twospot  cardinalfish A     Apogon  pseudomaculatus  Longley 

Sawcheek  cardinalfish A     Apogon  qaadrisquamatus  Longley 

Conchfish A     Apogon  stellatus  (Cope) 

Belted  cardinalfish A     Apogon  townsendi  (Breder) 


COMMON    NAME                                        OCCURRENCE  SCIENTIFIC    NAME 

Centrarchidae — sunfishes 

Mud  sunfish F     Acantharchus  pomotis  (Baird) 

Roanoke  bass F      Ambloplites  cavifrons  Cope 

Rock  bass F     Ambloplites  rupestris  (Rafinesque) 

Sacramento  perch F      Archoplites  interruptus  (Girard) 

Flier F      Centrarchus  macropterus  (Lacep^de) 

Warmouth F     Chaenobryttus  gulosus  (Cuvier) 

Everglades  pygmy  sunfish F      Elassoma  evergladei  Jordan 

Okef enokee  pygmy  sunfish F      Elassoma  okefenokee  Bohlke 

Banded  pygmy  sunfish F      Elassoma  zonatum  Jordan 

Blackbanded  sunfish F     Enneacanthus  chaetodon  (Baird) 

Bluespotted  sunfish F      Enneacanthus  gloriosus  (Holbrook) 

Banded  sunfish F     Enneacanthus  ohesus  (Girard) 

Redbreast  sunfish F     Lepomis  auritus  (Linnaeus) 

Green  sunfish F     Lepomis  cyanellus  Rafinesque 

Pumpkinseed F     Lepomis  gibbosus  (Linnaeus) 

Orangespotted  sunfish F      Lepomis  humilis  (Girard) 

Bluegill F      Lepomis  macrochirus  Rafinesque 

Dollar  sunfish F     Lepomis  marginatus  (Holbrook) 

Longear  sunfish F      Lepomis  megalotis  (Rafinesque) 

Redear  sunfish F      Lepomis  microlophus  (Giinther) 

Spotted  sunfish F     Lepomis  punctatus  (Valenciennes) 

Bantam  sunfish F     Lepomis  symmetricus  Forbes 

Redeye  bass F     Micropterus  coosae  Hubbs  and  Bailey 

Smallmouth  bass F     Micropterus  dolomieui  Lac^pfede 

Suwannee  bass F     Micropterus  notius  Bailey  and  Hubbs 

Spotted  bass F     Micropterus  punctulatus  (Rafinesque) 

Largemouth  bass F     Micropterus  salmoides  (Lac^pede) 

Guadalupe  bass F     Micropterus  treculi  (Vaillant  and  Bocourt) 

White  crappie F     Pomoxis  annularis  Rafinesque 

Black  crappie F     Pomoxis  nigromaculatus  (LeSueur) 

Percidae — perches 

Crystal  darter F     Ammocrypta  asprella  (Jordan) 

Naked  sand  darter F     Ammocrypta  beani  Jordan 

Western  sand  darter F     Ammocrypta  clara  Jordan  and  Meek 

Eastern  sand  darter F     Ammocrypta  pellv^ida  (Baird) 

Scaly  sand  darter F     Ammocrypta  vivax  Hay 

Sharphead  darter F     Etheostoma  acuticeps  Bailey 

Mud  darter F     Etheostoma  asprigene  (Forbes) 

Cumberland  snubnose  darter ....  F     Etheostoma  atripinne  (Jordan) 

Scalyhead  darter F     Etheostoma  barratti  (Holbrook) 

Greenside  darter F     Etheostoma  blennioides  Rafinesque 

Blenny  darter F     Etheostoma  blennius  Gilbert  and  Swain 

Rainbow  darter F     Etheostoma  caeruleum  Storer 

Bluebreast  darter F     Etheostoma  camurum  (Cope) 

Bluntnose  darter F     Etheostoma  chlorosomum  (Hay) 

Ashy  darter F     Etheostoma  cinereum  Storer 

Carolina  darter F     Etheostoma  collis  (Hubbs  and  Cannon) 

Coosa  darter F     Etheostoma  coosae  (Fowler) 

Arkansas  darter F     Etheostoma  cragini  Gilbert 

Blackside  snubnose  darter F     Etheostoma  duryi  Henshall 


COMMON    NAME                                        OCCURRENCE  SCIENTIFIC    NAME 

Brown  darter F      Etheostoma  edwini  (Hubbs  and  Cannon) 

Arkansas  saddled  darter F      Etheostoma  euzonum  (Hubbs  and  Black) 

Iowa  darter F     Etheostoma  exile  (Girard) 

Fantail  darter F     Etheostoma  flabellare  Rafinesque 

Fountain  darter F      Etheostoma  fonticola  (Jordan  and  Gilbert) 

Savannah  darter F     Etheostoma  fricksium  Hildebrand 

Swamp  darter F     Etheostoma  fusiforme  (Girard) 

Slough  darter F     Etheostoma  gracile  (Girard) 

Rio  Grande  darter F     Etheostoma  grahami  (Girard) 

Tuckasegee  darter F      Etheostoma  gutselli  (Hildebrand) 

Harlequin  darter F     Etheostoma  histrio  Jordan  and  Gilbert 

Turquoise  darter F      Etheostoma  inscriptum  (Jordan  and  Brayton) 

Blueside  darter F     Etheostoma  jessiae  (Jordan  and  Brayton) 

Greenbreast  darter F      Etheostoma  jordani  Gilbert 

Yoke  darter F      Etheostoma  juliae  Meek 

Kanawha  darter F      Etheostoma  kanawhae  (Raney) 

Stripetail  darter F      Etheostoma  kennicotti  (Putnam) 

Greenthroat  darter F      Etheostoma  lepidum  (Baird  and  Girard) 

Longfin  darter F      Etheostoma  longimanum  Jordan 

Redband  darter F      Etheostoma  luteovinctum  Gilbert  and  Swain 

Spotted  darter F     Etheostoma  macidatum  Kirtland 

Pinewoods  darter F      Etheostoma  mariae  (Fowler) 

Least  darter F     Etheostoma  microperca  Jordan  and  Gilbert 

Niangua  darter F      Etheostoma  nianguae  Gilbert  and  Meek 

Johnny  darter F      Etheostoma  nigrum  Rafinesque 

Barcheek  darter F     Etheostoma  obeyense  Kirsch 

Finescale  saddled  darter F     Etheostoma  osburni  (Hubbs  and  Trautman) 

Goldstripe  darter F     Etheostoma  panipinne  Gilbert  and  Swain 

Waccamaw  darter F     Etheostoma  perlongum  (Hubbs  and  Raney) 

Riverweed  darter F      Etheostoma  podostemone  Jordan  and  Jenkins 

Cypress  darter F     Etheostoma  proeliare  (Hay) 

Stippled    darter F      Etheostoma  punctulatum  (Agassiz) 

Orangebelly  darter F      Etheostomxi  radioswn  (Hubbs  and  Black) 

Redline  darter F      Etheostoma  rufilineatum  (Cope) 

Rock  darter F      Etheostoma  rupestre  Gilbert  and  Swain 

Arrow  darter F     Etheostoma  sagitta  (Jordan  and  Swain) 

Saluda  darter F     Etheostoma  saludae  (Hubbs  and  Cannon) 

Maryland  darter F      Etheostoma  sellare  (Radcliffe  and  Welch) 

Sawcheek  darter F      Etheostoma,  serriferum  (Hubbs  and  Cannon) 

Tennessee  snubnose  darter F      Etheostoma  simoterum  (Cope) 

Orangethroat  darter F     Etheostoma  spectahile  (Agassiz) 

Spottail  darter F      Etheostoma  squamiceps  Jordan 

Speckled  darter F      Etheostoma  stigmaeum  (Jordan) 

Gulf  darter F     Etheostoma  swaini  (Jordan) 

Swannanoa  darter F     Etheostoma  swannanoa  Jordan  and  Evermann 

Missouri  saddled  darter F     Etheostoma  tetrazonum  (Hubbs  and  Black) 

Seagreen  darter F  ...  .Etheostoma  thalassinum  (Jordan  and  Brayton) 

Tippecanoe  darter F      Etheostoma  tippecanoe  Jordan  and  Evermann 

Tuscumbia  darter F     Etheostoma  tuscumbia  Gilbert  and  Swain 

Variegate  darter F     Etheostoma  variatum  Kirtland 

Striped  darter F     Etheostoma  virgatum  (Jordan) 

Glassy  darter F     Etheostoma  vitreum  (Cope) 

Redfin  darter F      Etheostoma  whipplei  (Girard) 

Banded  darter F     Etheostoma  zonale  (Cope) 


COMMON    NAME                                        OCCURRENCE  KCIENTIFIC    NAME 

Backwater  darter F     Etheostoma  zoniferum  (Hubbs  and  Cannon) 

Yellow  perch F     Perca  flavescens  (Mitchill) 

Yellow  darter F     Percina  aurantiaca  (Cope) 

Logperch F      Percina  caprodes  (Rafinesque) 

Channel  darter F      Percina  copclandi  (Jordan) 

Piedmont  darter F      Percina  crassa  (Jordan  and  Brayton) 

Bluestripe  darter F     Percina  cymatotaenia  (Gilbert  and  Meek) 

Gilt  darter F     Percina  evides  (Jordan  and  Copeland) 

Longhead  darter F      Percina  macrocephala  (Cope) 

Blackside  darter F     Percina  maculata  (Girard) 

Longnose  darter F     Percina  nasuta  (Bailey) 

Blackbanded  darter F     Percina  nigrofasciata  (Agassiz) 

Stripeback  darter F     Percina  noiogramma  (Raney  and  Hubbs) 

Sharpnose  darter F     Percina  oxyrhyncha  (Hubbs  and  Raney) 

Bronze  darter F      Percina  palmaris  (Bailey) 

Leopard  darter F     Percina  paniherina  (Moore  and  Reeves) 

Shield  darter F     Percina  peltata  (Stauffer) 

Slenderhead  darter F     Percina  phoxocephala  (Nelson) 

Roanoke  logperch F     Percina  rex  (Jordan  and  Evermann) 

Dusky  darter F      Percina  sciera  (Swain) 

River  darter F      Percina  shumardi  (Girard) 

Olive  darter F      Percina  squamata  (Gilbert  and  Swain) 

Stargazing  darter F     Percina  uranidea  (Jordan  and  Gilbert) 

Sauger F      Stizostedion  canadense  (Smith) 

Walleye F     Stizostedion  vitreum  vitreum  (Mitchill) 

Blue  pike F     Stizostedion  vitreum  glaucum  Hubbs 

Branchiostegidae — tilefishes 

Blackline  tilefish A     Caulolatilus  cyanops  Poey 

Ocean  whitefish P      Caulolatilus  princeps  (Jenyns) 

Tilefish A  ....  Lopholatilus  chamaeleonticeps  Goode  and  Bean 

Sand  tilefish A     Malacanthus  plumieri  (Bloch) 

Pomatomidae — bluefishes 

Bluefish A     Pomatomus  saltatrix  (Linnaeus) 

Rachycentridae — cobias 

Cobia A     Rachycentron  canadum  (Linnaeus) 

Carangidae' — jacks,  scads,  and  pompanos 

African  pompano A     Alectis  crinitus  (Mitchill) 

Yellow  jack A     Caranx  bartholomaei  Cuvier 

Green  jack P     Caranx  cahallus  Giinther 

Blue  runner A     Caranx  crysos  (Mitchill) 

Crevalle  jack A     Caranx  hippos  (Linnaeus) 

Horse-eye  jack A     Caranx  latus  Agassiz 

Bar  jack A     Caranx  ruber  (Bloch) 

Bumper A     Chloroscombrus  chrysurus  (Linnaeus) 

Mexican  scad P Decapterus  hypodus  Gill 

Mackerel  scad A     Decapterus  macarellus  (Cuvier) 

Round  scad A     Decapterus  punctatus  (Agassiz) 

'  An  important  sport  fish,  the  black  jack,  Caranx  lugvbria  Poey,  occurs  just  out  of  our  area  and  is  landed  at  Florida  por 


COMMON   NAME                                        OCCURRENCE  SCIENTIFIC   NAME 

Rainbow  runner A     Elagatis  bipinnulatus  (Quoy  and  Gaimard) 

Bluntnose  jack A     Hemicaranx  amhlyrhynchus  (Cuvier) 

Pilotfish A-P   Navjcrates  ductor  (Linnaeus) 

Roosterfish P     Nematistius  pectoralis  Gill 

Leatherjacket A-P   OUgopUtes  saurus  (Bloch  and  Schneider) 

Bigeye  scad A Selar  crumenophthalmus  (Bloch) 

Lookdown A     Selene  vomer  (Linnaeus) 

Pacific  amberjack P     Seriola  colburni  (Evermann  and  Clark) 

Yellowtail P      Seriola  dorsalis  (Gill) 

Greater  amberjack A     Seriola  dumerili  (Risso) 

Almaco  jack A     Seriola  falcata  Valenciennes 

Lesser  amberjack A     Seriola  fasciata  (Bloch) 

Banded  rudderfish A     Seriola  zonata  (Mitchill) 

Pompano A     Trachinotus  carolinus  (Linnaeus) 

Permit A     Trachinotus  falcatus  (Linnaeus) 

Palometa A     Trachinotus  glaucus  (Bloch) 

Paloma  pompano P     Trachinotus  paitensis  Cuvier 

Gafftopsail  pompano P     Trachinotus  rhodopus  (Gill) 

Rough  scad A     Trachurus  lathami  Nichols 

Jack  mackerel P      Trachurus  symmetricus  (Ayres) 

Cottonmouth  jack A     Uraspis  heidi  Fowler 

Pacific  moonfish P     Vomer  decUvifrons  Meek  and  Hildebrand 

Atlantic  moonfish A     Vomer  setapinnis  (Mitchill) 

Coryphaenidae — dolphins 

Pompano  dolphin A     Coryphaena  equisetis  Linnaeus 

Dolphin A-P  Coryphaena  hippurus  Linnaeus 

Bramidae — pomfrets 

Pomfret A-P   Brama  rayi  (Bloch) 

Bigscale  pomfret A-P  Taractes  longipinnis  (Lowe) 

Gerridae — moj  arras 

Irish  pompano A     Diapterus  olisthostomus  (Goode  and  Bean) 

Striped  mojarra A     Diapterus  plumieri  (Cuvier) 

Spotfin  mojarra A-P  Eucinostomus  argenteus  Baird  and  Girard 

Silver  jenny A     Eucinostomus  gula  (Quoy  and  Gaimard) 

Bigeye  mojarra A     Eucinostomus  havana  (Nichols) 

Mottled  mojarra A     Eucinostomus  lefroyi  (Goode) 

Flagfin  mojarra A     Eucinostomus  melanopterus  (Bleeker) 

Slender  mojarra A     Eucinostomus  pseudogula  Poey 

Yellowfin  mojarra A     Gerres  cinereus  (Walbaum) 

Pomadasyidae — grunts 

Sargo P     Anisotremus  davidsoni  (Steindachner) 

Black  margate A     Anisotremus  surinamensis  (Bloch) 

Porkfish A     Anisotremus  virginicus  (Linnaeus) 

Tomtate A     Bathystoma  aurolineatum  (Cuvier) 

Smalhnouth  grunt A     Brachygenys  chrysargyrea  (Gunther) 

Barred  grunt A     Conodon  nobilis  (Linnaeus) 

Margate A     Haemidon  album  Cuvier 

Black  grunt A     Haemulon  bonariense  Cuvier 

Caesar  grunt A     Haemulon  carbonarium  Poey 


COMMON    NAME                                        OCCURRENCE  SCIENTIFIC    NAME 

French  grunt A     Haemulon  flavolinealum  (Desmarest) 

Spanish  grunt A     Haemulon  macrostomum  Giinther 

Cottonwick A     Haemulon  melanurum  (Linnaeus) 

Sailors  choice A     Haemulon  parrai  (Desmarest) 

White  grunt A     Haemulon  plumieri  (Lac^pcde) 

Bluestriped  grunt A     Haemulon  sciurus  (Shaw) 

Pigfish A     Orthopristis  chrysopterus  (Linnaeus) 

Burro  grunt A     Pomadasys  crocro  (Cuvier) 

Salema P     Xenistius  californiensis  (Steindachner) 

Sciaenidae — drums 

Freshwater  drum F      Aplodinotus  grunniens  Rafinesque 

Silver  perch A     Bairdiella  chrysura  (Lac^pede) 

Bairdiella P^     Bairdiella  icistius  (Jordan  and  Gilbert) 

Black  croaker P      Cheilotrema  satumum  (Girard) 

Sand  seatrout A     Cynoscion  arenarius  Ginsburg 

Spotted  seatrout A     Cynoscion  nehulosus  (Cuvier) 

White  seabass P     Cynoscion  nobilis  (Ayres) 

Silver  seatrout A     Cynoscion  nothus  (Holbrook) 

Shortfin  corvina P     Cynoscion  parvipinnis  Ayres 

Weakfish A     Cynoscion  regalis  (Bloch  and  Schneider) 

Grangemouth  corvina P^    Cynoscion  xanthulus  Jordan  and  Gilbert 

Cubbyu A     Equetus  acuminatus  (Bloch  and  Schneider) 

Jackknife-fish A     Equetus  lanceolatus  (Linnaeus) 

Striped  drum A     Equetus  pulcher  (Steindachner) 

Spotted  drum A     Equetus  punctatus  (Bloch  and  Schneider) 

White  croaker P     Genyonemus  lineatus  (Ayres) 

Banded  drum A     Larimus  fasciatus  Holbrook 

Spot A     Leiostomus  xanthurus  Lac^p^de 

Southern  kingfish A     Menticirrhus  americanus  (Linnaeus) 

Minkfish A     Menticirrhus  focaliger  Ginsburg 

Gulf  kingfish A     Menticirrhus  littoralis  (Holbrook) 

Northern  kingfish A^    Menticirrhus  saxatilis  (Bloch  and  Schneider) 

California  corbina P     Menticirrhus  undulatus  (Girard) 

Atlantic  croaker A     Micropogon  undulatus  (Linnaeus) 

Reef  croaker A     Odontoscion  dentex  (Cuvier) 

Catalina  croaker P     Ophioscion  thompsoni  (Hubbs) 

Black  drum A     Pogonias  cromis  (Linnaeus) 

Spotfin  croaker P     Roncador  steamsi  (Steindachner) 

Red  drum A     Sciaenops  ocellata  (Linnaeus) 

Queenfish P      Seriphus  politus  Ajo-es 

Star  drum A     Stellifer  lanceolatus  (Holbrook) 

Sand  drum A     Umbrina  coroides  Cuvier 

Yellowfin  croaker P     Umbrina  roncador  Jordan  and  Gilbert 

Blue  croaker A     Vacuoqua  sialis  (Jordan  and  Eigenmann) 

MuUidae — goatfishes 

Yellow  goatfish A     Mulloidichthys  martinicus  (Cuvier) 

Red  goatfish A     Mullus  auratus  Jordan  and  Gilbert 

Mexican  goatfish P     Pseudupeneus  dentatus  (Gill) 

'  In  our  area  confined  to  Salton  Sea. 



Spotted  goatfish A     Pseudupeneus  maculatus  (Bloch) 

Dwarf  goatfish A     Upeneus  parvus  Poey 

Sparidae — porgies 

Sheepshead A  Archosargus  prohatoccphalus  (Walbaum) 

Sea  bream A  Archosargus  rhomboidalis  (Linnaeus) 

Grass  porgy A  Calamus  arctifrons  Goode  and  Bean 

Jolthead  porgy A  Calamus  bajonado  (Bloch  and  Schneider) 

Pacific  porgy P  Calamus  hrachysomus  (Lockington) 

Saucereye  porgy A  Calamus  calamus  (Valenciennes) 

Whitebone  porgy A  Calamus  leucosteus  Jordan  and  Gilbert 

Sheepshead  porgy A  Calamus  penna  (Valenciennes) 

Littlehead  porgy A  Calamus  proridens  Jordan  and  Gilbert 

Silver  porgy A  Diplodus  argenteus  (Valenciennes) 

Spottail  pinfish A  Diplodus  holhrooki  (Bean) 

Pinfish A  Lagodon  rhomboides  (Linnaeus) 

Red  porgy A  Pagrus  sedecim  Ginsburg 

Longspine  porgy A  Stenotomus  caprinus  Bean 

Scup A  Stenotomus  chrysops  (Linnaeus) 

Pempheridae — sweepers 
Glassy  sweeper A     Pempheris  schomhurgki  Miiller  and  Troschel 

Scorpidae — halfmoons 
Halfmoon P     Medialuna  californiensis  (Steindachner) 

Kyphosidae — sea  chubs 

Zebra  perch P     Hermosilla  azurea  Jenkins  and  Evermann 

Yellow  chub A     Kyphosus  incisor  (Cuvier) 

Bermuda  chub A     Kyphosus  sectatrix  (Linnaeus) 

Girellidae— nibblers 
Opaleye P     Girella  nigricans  (Ayres) 

Ephippidae — spadefishes 

Atlantic  spadefish A     Chaetodipterus  faber  (Broussonet) 

Pacific  spadefish P     Chaetodipterus  zonatus  (Girard) 

Chaetodontidae — butterflyfishes 

Cherubfish A  Centropyge  argi  Woods  and  Kanazawa 

Bank  butterflyfish A  Chaetodon  aya  Jordan 

Foureye  butterflyfish A  Chaetodon  capistratus  Linnaeus 

Spotfin  butterflyfish A  Chaetodon  occllatus  Bloch 

Reef  butterflyfish A  Chaetodon  scdentarius  Poey 

Banded  butterflyfish A  Chaetodon  striatus  Linnaeus 

Blue  angelfish A  Holacanthus  bermudensis  (Goode) 

Queen  angelfish A  Holacanthus  ciliaris  (Linnaeus) 

Rock  beauty A  Holacanthus  tricolor  (Bloch) 

French  angelfish A  Pomacanthus  arcuatus  (Linnaeus) 

Gray  angelfish A  Pomacanthus  aureus  (Bloch) 

Longsnout  butterflyfish A  Prognathodes  aculeatus  (Poey) 


COMMON    NAME                                        OCCURRENCE  SCIENTIFIC   NAME 

Cichlidae — cichlids 

Velvet  cichlid F     Astronotus  ocellatus  (Agassiz) 

Rio  Grande  perch F     Cichlasoma  cyanoguttatum  (Baird  and  Girard) 

Embiotocidae — surfperches 

Barred  surfperch P      Amphistichus  argenteus  Agassiz 

Calico  surfperch P     Amphistichus  koelzi  (Hubbs) 

Redtail  surfperch P      Amphistichus  rhodoterus  (Agassiz) 

Kelp  perch P     Brachyistius  frenatus  Gill 

Shiner  perch P-F    Cymatogaster  oggregata  Gibbons 

Island  seaperch P     Cymatogaster  gracilis  Tarp 

Black  perch P      Embiotoca  jacksoni  Agassiz 

Striped  seaperch P      Embiotoca  lateralis  Agassiz 

Spotfin  surfperch P      Hyperprosopon  anale  Agassiz 

Walleye  surfperch P     Hyperprosopon  argenteum  Gibbons 

Silver  surfperch P      Hyperprosopon  ellipticum  (Gibbons) 

Rainbow  seaperch P     Hypsurus  caryi  (Agassiz) 

Tule  perch F     Hysterocarpus  traski  Gibbons 

Reef  perch P     Micrometrus  aurora  (Jordan  and  Gilbert) 

Dwarf  perch P      Micrometrus  minimus  (Gibbons) 

Sharpnose  seaperch P      Phanerodon  atripes  (Jordan  and  Gilbert) 

White  seaperch P     Phanerodon  furcatus  Girard 

Rubberlip  seaperch P      Rhacochilus  toxotes  Agassiz 

Pile  perch P     Rhacochilus  vacca  (Girard) 

Pink  seaperch P      Zalembius  rosaceus  (Jordan  and  Gilbert) 

Pomacentridae — damselfishes 

Sergeant  major A     Abudefduf  saxatilis  (Linnaeus) 

Night  sergeant A     Abudefduf  taurus  (Miiller  and  Troschel) 

Blue  chromis A     Chromis  cyanea  (Poey) 

Yellowtail  reef -fish A     Chromis  enchrysurus  Jordan  and  Gilbert 

Gray  reef -fish A     Chromis  insolatus  (Cuvier) 

Brown  chromis A     Chromis  multilineata  (Guichenot) 

Blacksmith P     Chromis  punctipinnis  (Cooper) 

Dusky  damselfish A     Eupomacentrus  dorsopunicans  (Poey) 

Beaugregory A  .  .  Eupomacentrus  leucostictus  (Miiller  and  Troschel) 

Bicolor  damselfish A     Eupomacentrus  partitus  (Poey) 

Threespot  damselfish A     Eupomacentrus  planifrons  (Cuvier) 

Cocoa  damselfish A     Eupomacentrus  variabilis  (Castelnau) 

Garibaldi P      Hypsypops  rubicunda  (Girard) 

Yellowtail  damselfish A     Microspathodon  chrysurus  (Cuvier) 

Labridae — wrasses 

Spotfin  hogfish A     Bodianus  pulchellus  (Poey) 

Spanish  hogfish A     Bodianus  rufus  (Linnaeus) 

Creole  wrasse A     Clepticus  parrai  (Bloch  and  Schneider) 

Red  hogfish A     Decodon  puellaris  (Poey) 

Dwarf  wrasse A     Doratonotus  megalepis  Giinther 

Greenband  wrasse A     Halichoeres  bathyphilus  Beebe  and  Tee-Van 

Slippery  dick A     Halichoeres  bivittatus  (Bloch) 

Painted  wrasse A     Halichoeres  caudalis  (Poey) 

Yellowhead  wrasse A     Halichoeres  garnoti  (Valenciennes) 






Clown  wrasse 

Blackear  wrasse .... 


Rock  wrasse 



California  sheephead 




Rosy  razorfish 

Pearly  razorfish 

Green  razorfish 

Bluelip  parrotfish .  .  . 
Emerald  parrotfish .  . 
Purple  parrotfish .... 

Blue  parrotfish 

Striped  parrotfish .  .  . 
Rainbow  parrotfish . . 
Queen  parrotfish .... 
Redband  parrotfish . . 
Spotfin  parrotfish .  .  . 
Redtail  parrotfish .  .  . 
Bucktooth  parrotfish 
Redfin  parrotfish .... 
Stoplight  parrotfish . . 

A  ...  Halichoeres  maculipinna  (Miiller  and  Troschel) 

A     Halichoeres  poeyi  (Steindachner) 

A     Halichoeres  radiatus  (Linnaeus) 

P      Halichoeres  semicinctus  (Ayres) 

A     Lachnolaimus  maximus  (Walbaum) 

P      Oxyjulis  calif ornica  (Giinther) 

P     Pimelometopon  pulchrum  (Ayres) 

A     Tautoga  onitis  (Linnaeus) 

A     Tautogolabrus  adspersus  (Walbaum) 

A     Thalassoma  bifasciatum  (Bloch) 

A     Xyrichthys  martinicensis  Valenciennes 

A     Xyrichthys  psittacus  (Linnaeus) 

A     Xyrichthys  ventralis  Bean 

Scaridae — parrotfishes 

A     Cryptotomus  roseus  Cope 

A     Nicholsina  usta  (Valenciennes) 

A     Scarus  coelestinus  Valenciennes 

A     Scarus  coeruleus  (Bloch) 

A     Scarus  croicensis  Bloch 

A     Scarus  guacamaia  Cuvier 

A     Scarus  vetula  Bloch  and  Schneider 

A     Sparisoma  aurofrenatum  (Valenciennes) 

A     Sparisoma  axillare  Steindachner 

A     Sparisoma  chrysopterum  (Bloch  and  Schneider) 

A     Sparisoma  radians  (Valenciennes) 

A     Sparisoma  ruhripinne  (Valenciennes) 

A     Sparisoma  viride  (Bonnaterre) 

Ocean  surgeon .  . 


Blue  tang 

Gulf  surgeonfish 

Acanthuridae — surgeonfishes 

. .  .     A  Acanthurus  bahianus  Castelnau 

A  Acanthurus  chirurgus  (Bloch) 

A  Acanthurus  coeruleus  Bloch  and  Schneider 

.  .  .     A  Acanthurus  randalli  Briggs  and  Caldwell 

Snake  mackerel . 



Gempylidae — snake  mackerels 

.  .  .  .     A     Gempylus  serpens  Cuvier 

.  .  .  .   A-P   Lepidocybium  flavobrunneum  (Smith) 

.  .  .  .   A-P   Ruvettus  pretiosus  Cocco 


Atlantic  cutlassfish. 
Pacific  cutlassfish .  . 

Trichiuridae — cutlassfishes 

P     Lepidopus  xantusi  Goode  and  Bean 

A     Trichiurus  lepturus  Linnaeus 

P     Trichiurus  nitens  Carman 


Frigate  mackerel . .  . 

Little  tuna 

Black  skipjack 

Skipjack  tuna 

Wavyback  skipjack 

Scombridae — mackerels  and  tunas 

A     Acanthocybium  solanderi  (Cuvier) 

A     Auxis  thazard  (Lac^p^de) 

A     Euthynnus  allettcratus  (Rafinesque) 

P     Euthynnus  lineatus  Kishinouye 

A-P   Euthynnus  pelamis  (Linnaeus) 

P     Euthynnus  yaito  Kishinouye 



Pacific  bonito P     Sarda  chiliensis  (Cuvier) 

Striped  bonito A     Sarda  orientalis  (Temminck  and  Schlegel) 

Atlantic  bonito A     Sarda  sarda  (Bloch) 

Chub  mackerel A     Scomber  colzas  Gmelin 

Pacific  mackerel P     Scomber  japonicus  Houttuyn 

Atlantic  mackerel A     Scomber  scombrus  Linnaeus 

King  mackerel A     Scomberomorus  cavalla  (Cuvier) 

Monterey  Spanish  mackerel P      Scomberomorus  concolor  (Lockington) 

Spanish  mackerel A     Scomberomorus  maculatus  (Mitchill) 

Cero A     Scomberomorus  regalis  (Bloch) 

Albacore A-P   Thunnus  alaiunga  (Bonnaterre) 

Yellowfin  tuna A-P   Thunnus  albacares  (Bonnaterre) 

Blackfin  tuna A     Thunnus  ailanticus  (Lesson) 

Bigeye  tuna A-P  Thunnus  obesus  Lowe 

Bluefin  tuna A-P   Thunnus  thynnus  (Linnaeus) 

Luvaridae — louvars 
Louvar A-P   Luvarus  imperialis  Rafinesque 

Istiophoridae^ — billfishes 

Atlantic  sailfish A  Istiophorus  albicans  (Latreille) 

White  marlin A  Makaira  albida  (Poey) 

Striped  marlin P  Makaira  audax  (Phillipi) 

Blue  marlin A  Makaira  nigricans  Lacepede 

Shortbill  spearfish P  Tetrapturus  angustirostris  Tanaka 

Longbill  spearfish A  Tetrapturus  belone  Rafinesque 

Xiphiidae — swordfishes 
Swordfish A-P   Xiphias  gladius  Linnaeus 

Eleotridae — sleepers 

Fat  sleeper A-F  Dormitator  maculatus  (Bloch) 

Spotted  sleeper F  Eleotris  picta  Kner  and  Steindachner 

Spmycheek  sleeper F  Eleotris  pisonis  (Gmelin) 

Emerald  sleeper A  Erotelis  smaragdus  (Valenciennes) 

Masked  sleeper A  Eviota  per  sonata  Jordan  and  Thompson 

Bigmouth  sleeper A-F  Gobiomorus  dormitor  Lacepede 

Blue  sleeper A  loglossus  calliurus  Bean 

Gobiidae — gobies 

River  goby A-F  Awaous  tajasica  (Lichtenstein) 

Bearded  goby A  Barbulifer  ceuthoecus  (Jordan  and  Gilbert) 

Notchtongue  goby A  Bathygobius  curacao  (Metzelaar) 

Frillfin  goby A  Bathygobius  soporator  (Valenciennes) 

White-eye  goby A  Bollmannia  jeannae  Fowler 

Arrow  goby P-F  Clevelandia  ios  (Jordan  and  Gilbert) 

Bridled  goby A  Coryphopterus  glaucofraenum  Gill 

Bluespot  goby P  Coryphopterus  nicholsi  (Bean) 

Neon  goby A  Elacatinus  oceanops  Jordan 

Tidewater  goby P-F  Eucyclogobius  newberryi  (Girard) 

'  The  following  species,  not  yet  recorded  from  our  area,  occur  south  of  the  California  border  in  the  Pacific:  Pacific  sailfiah,  Istio- 
phorus greyi  Jordan  and  Evermann;  black  marlin,  Makaira  indica  (Cuvier);  and  blue  marlin,  Makaira  nigricans  LacSpdde. 


COMMON    NAME                                        OCCURRENCE  SCIENTIFIC    NAME 

Sponge  goby A     Evermannichthys  spongicola  (Radcliffe) 

Lyre  goby A     Evorlhodus  lyricus  (Girard) 

Tiger  goby A     Garmannia  macrodon  (Beebe  and  Tee-Van) 

Longjaw  mudsucker P-F   Gillichthys  mirabilis  Cooper 

Goldspot  goby A     Gnatholepis  thompsoni  Jordan 

Violet  goby A     Gobioides  broussonneti  Lacepede 

Darter  goby A     Gobionellus  boleosoma  (Jordan  and  Gilbert) 

Slim  goby A     Gobionellus  gracillimus  Ginsburg 

Sharptail  goby A     Gobionellus  hastatus  Girard 

Longtail  goby P  .  .Gobionellus  longicaudus  (Jenkins  and  Evermann) 

Highfin  goby A     Gobionellus  Oceanians  (Pallas) 

Freshwater  goby A-F   Gobionellus  shufeldti  (Jordan  and  Evermann) 

Emerald  goby A     Gobionellus  smaragdus  (Valenciennes) 

Marked  goby A     Gobionellus  stigmaticus  (Poey) 

Spottail  goby A     Gobionellus  stigmaturus  (Goode  and  Bean) 

Naked  goby A     Gobiosoma  bosci  (Lacepede) 

Seaboard  goby A     Gobiosoma  ginsburgi  Hildebrand  and  Schroeder 

Whiteline  goby A     Gobiosoma  horsti  Metzelaar 

Twoscale   goby A     Gobiosoma  longipala  Ginsburg 

Orangespotted  goby A     Gobiosoma  longitm  Nichols 

Code  goby A     Gobiosoma  robustum  Ginsburg 

Paleback  goby A     Gobulus  myersi  Ginsburg 

Cheekspot  goby P     Ilypnus  gilberti  (Eigenmann  and  Eigenmann) 

Bay  goby P     Lepidogobius  lepidus  (Girard) 

Half  blind  goby P     Lethops  connectens  Hubbs 

Crested  goby A     Lophogobius  cyprinoides  (Pallas) 

Bluebanded  goby P     Lythrypnus  dalli  (Gilbert) 

Zebra  goby P     Lythrypnus  zebra  (Gilbert) 

Seminole  goby A     Microgobius  carri  Fowler 

Clown  goby A     Microgobius  gidosus  (Girard) 

Banner  goby A  ...  Microgobius  microlepis  Longley  and  Hildebrand 

Green  goby A     Microgobius  thalassinus  (Jordan  and  Gilbert) 

Shadow  goby P     Quietula  y-cauda  (Jenkins  and  Evermann) 

Smallmouth  goby A     Risor  ruber  (Rosen) 

Blind  goby P     Typhlogobius  califomiensis  Steindachner 

Microdesmidae — wormfishes 

Pugjaw  wormfish A     Microdesmus  floridanus  (Longley) 

Pink  wormfish A     Microdesmus  longipinnis  (Weymouth) 

Scorpaenidae — scorpionfishes  and  rockfishes 

Blackbelly  rosefish A     Helicolenus  dactylopierus  (De  la  Roche) 

Spiny  cheek  scorpionfish A     Neomerinthe  pollux  (Poey) 

Longsnout  scorpionfish A     Pontinus  castor  Poey 

Scalyhead  scorpionfish A     Pontinus  longispinis  Goode  and  Bean 

Highfin  scorpionfish A     Pontinus  rathbuni  Goode  and  Bean 

Longfin  scorpionfish A     Scorpaena  agassizi  Goode  and  Bean 

Red  scorpionfish A     Scorpaena  atlantica  Nichols  and  Breder 

Goosehead  scorpionfish A     Scorpaena  bergi  Evermann  and  Marsh 

Barbfish A     Scorpaena  brasiliensis  Cuvier 

Smoothhead  scorpionfish A     Scorpaena  calcarata  Goode  and  Bean 

Hunchback  scorpionfish A     Scorpaena  dispar  Longley  and  Hildebrand 

Lionfish A     Scorpaena  grandicornis  Cuvier 






California  scorpionfish P 

Scorpaena  guttata  Girard 

Mushroom  scorpionfish A     Scorpaena  inermis  Cuvier 

Finescale  scorpionfish A 

Spotted  scorpionfish A 

Reef  scorpionfish A 

Redfish  or  ocean  perch A 

Blackthroat  rockfish P 

Pacific  ocean  perch P 

Kelp  rockfish P 

Brown  rockfish P 

Aurora  rockfish P 

Silvergray  rockfish P 

Gopher  rockfish P 

Copper  rockfish P 

Greenspotted  rockfish P 

Black-and-yellow  rockfish P 

Dusky  rockfish P 

Starry  rockfish P 

Blackmouth  rockfish P 

Calico  rockfish P 

Splitnose  rockfish P 

Greenstriped  rockfish P 

Puget  Sound  rockfish P 

Widow  rockfish P 

Pink  rockfish P 

Yellowtail  rockfish P 

Bronzespotted  rockfish P 

Chilipepper P 

Scorpaena  microlepis  Gunter 

Scorpaena  plumieri  Bloch 

Scorpaenodes  caribhaeus  Meek  and  Hildebrand 

Sebastes  marinus  (Linnaeus) 

.Sebastodes^  aleutianus  Jordan  and  Evermann 

Sebastodes  alutus  (Gilbert) 

....  Sebastodes  atrovirens  (Jordan  and  Gilbert) 

Sebastodes  auriculaius  (Girard) 

Sebastodes  aurora  (Gilbert) 

Sebastodes  brevispinis  (Bean) 

Sebastodes  carnatus  (Jordan  and  Gilbert) 

Sebastodes  caurinus  (Richardson) 

.  .  Sebastodes  chlorostictus  (Jordan  and  Gilbert) 
.  .  Sebastodes  chrysomelas  (Jordan  and  Gilbert) 

Sebastodes  ciliatus  (Tilesius) 

.  .  .  Sebastodes  constellatus  (Jordan  and  Gilbert) 

Sebastodes  crameri  Jordan 

...  .Sebastodes  dalli  (Eigenmann  and  Beeson) 

Sebastodes  diploproa  (Gilbert) 

Sebastodes  elongatus  ( Ayres) 

Sebastodes  emphaeus  Starks 

....  Sebastodes  entomelas  (Jordan  and  Gilbert) 
.  .  Sebastodes  eos  (Eigenmann  and  Eigenmann) 

Sebastodes  flavidus  Ayres 

.  .  .  Sebastodes  gilli  Eigenmann  and  Eigenmann 
Sebastodes  goodei  Eigenmann  and  Eigenmann 

Rosethorn  rockfish P     Sebastodes  helvomaculatus  (Ayres) 

Squarespot  rockfish P 

Shortbelly  rockfish P 

Cow  rockfish P 

Coral-red  rockfish P 

Quillback  rockfish P 

Black  rockfish P 

Blackgill  rockfish P 

Vermilion  rockfish P 

Blue  rockfish P 

China  rockfish P 

Tiger  rockfish P 

Speckled  rockfish P 

Bocaccio P 

Canary  rockfish P 

Northern  rockfish P 

Redstripe  rockfish P 

Grass  rockfish P 

Swordspine  rockfish P 

Rosy  rockfish P 

Rasphead  rockfish P 

Flag  rockfish P 

Stripetail  rockfish P 

.  Sebastodes  hopkinsi  Cramer 

Sebastodes  jordani  Gilbert 

.  .  .Sebastodes  levis  (Eigenmann  and  Eigenmann) 
Sebastodes  macdonaldi  (Eigenmann  and  Beeson) 

Sebastodes  maliger  (Jordan  and  Gilbert) 

Sebastodes  melanops  (Girard) 

Sebastodes  melanostomus 

Eigenmann  and  Eigenmann 

Sebastodes  miniatus  (Jordan  and  Gilbert) 

Sebastodes  mystinus  (Jordan  and  Gilbert) 

Sebastodes  nebulosus  (Ayres) 

Sebastodes  nigrocinctus  (Ayres) 

Sebastodes  ovalis  Ayres 

Sebastodes  paucispinis  (Ayres) 

Sebastodes  pinniger  (Jordan  and  Gilbert) 

.  .  Sebastodes  polyspinis  (Taranetz  and  Moiseev) 

Sebastodes  proriger  (Jordan  and  Gilbert) 

Sebastodes  rastrelliger  (Jordan  and  Gilbert) 

.  .  .  .  Sebastodes  rhodochloris  (Jordan  and  Gilbert) 

Sebastodes  rosaceus  Jordan  and  Gilbert 

Sebastodes  ruberrimus  Cramer 

.  .  .  .  Sebastodes  rubrivinctus  (Jordan  and  Gilbert) 
Sebastodes  saxicola  (Gilbert) 

1  The  species  here  assigned  to  Sebastodes  are  referred  by  some  authors  to  Sebastes. 






Half  banded  rockfish P 

Olive  rockfish P 

Sebastodes  semicinctus  Gilbert 

Sebastodes  serranoides 

Eigenmann  and  Eigenmann 

Sebastodes  serriceps  (Jordan  and  Gilbert) 

Sebastodes  umbrosus  (Jordan  and  Gilbert) 

Sebastodes  vexillaris  (Jordan  and  Gilbert) 

Sebastodes  wilsoni  Gilbert 

Sebastodes  zacentrus  (Gilbert) 

Shortspine  channel  rockfish P     Sebastolobus  alascanus  Bean 

Longspine  channel  rockfish P     Sebastolobus  altwelis  Gilbert 

Treefish P 

Honeycomb  rockfish P 

Whitebelly  rockfish P 

Pygmy  rockfish P 

Sharpchin  rockfish P 

Triglidae — searobins 

Shortfin  searobin A 

Streamer  searobin A 

Horned  searobin A 

Slenderhead  searobin A 

Armored  searobin A 

Spiny  searobin A 

Sicklefin  searobin A 

Northern  searobin A 

Striped  searobin A 

Barred  searobin A 

Bandtail  searobin A 

Mexican  searobin A 

Blackwing  searobin A 

Bluespotted  searobin A 

Blackfin  searobin A 

Leopard  searobin A 

Shortwing  searobin A 

Lumptail  searobin P 

Bighead  searobin A 

Bellator  brachijchir  (Regan) 

Bellator  egretta  (Goode  and  Bean) 

Bellator  militaris  (Goode  and  Bean) 

Peristedion  imberbe  (Poey) 

Peristedion  miniatum  Goode 

Prionotus  alatus  Goode  and  Bean 

Prionotus  beani  Goode 

Prionotus  carolinus  (Linnaeus) 

Prionotus  evolans  (Linnaeus) 

Prionotus  martis  Ginsburg 

....  Prionotus  ophryas  Jordan  and  Swain 

Prionotus  paralatus  Ginsburg 

.  Prionotus  pectoralis  Nichols  and  Breder 
.Prionotus  roseus  Jordan  and  Evermann 

Prionotus  rubio  Jordan 

.  .  .  Prionotus  scitulus  Jordan  and  Gilbert 
....  Prionotus  stearnsi  Jordan  and  Swain 

Prionotus  stephanophrys  Lockington 

Prionotus  tribulus  Cuvier 

Sablefish . 
Skilfish .  . 

Anoplopomatidae — sablefishes 

.  . .  .     P     Anoplopoma  fimbria  (Pallas) 

.  .  .  .     P     Erilepis  zonifer  (Lockington) 

Hexagrammidae — greenlings 

Kelp  greenling P 

Masked  greenling P 

Whitespotted  greenling P 

Rock  greenling P 

Lingcod P 

Painted  greenling P 

Atka  mackerel P 

.  .  .  Hexagrammos  decagrammus  (Pallas) 
. . .  Hexagrammos  octogrammus  (Pallas) 

Hexagrammos  stelleri  Tilesius 

. .  .Hexagrammos  superciliosus  (Pallas) 

Ophiodon  elongatus  Girard 

Oxylebius  pictus  Gill 

,  Pleurogrammus  monopterygius  (Pallas) 

Zaniolepidae — combfishes 

Shortspine  combfish P     

Longspine  combfish P     

.  Zaniolepis  frenata  Eigenmann 
.  .Zaniolepis  latipinnis  Girard 

Cottidae^ — sculpins 

Hookear  sculpin A     

Coralline  sculpin P     

.Artediellus  uncinatus  (Reinhardt) 
Artedius  corallinus  (Hubbs) 

•  In  addition  to  the  species  included,  some  45  cottida  are  known  to  occur  in  North  American  waters  only  in  Alaska.  Most  are  small 
and  little  known.  Their  inclusion  in  thia  list  would  be  premature. 


COMMON   NAME                                        OCCURRENCE  SCIENTIFIC   NAME 

Roughcheek  sculpin P     Artedius  creaseri  (Hubbs) 

Padded  sculpin P     Artedius  fenestralis  Jordan  and  Gilbert 

Spurcheek  sculpin P     Artedius  hankinsoni  (Hubbs) 

Scalyhead  sculpin P     Artedius  harringtoni  (Starks) 

Smoothhead  sculpin P     Artedius  lateralis  (Girard) 

Bonehead  sculpin P     Artedius  notospilotus  Girard 

Rosylip  sculpin P     Ascelichthys  rhodorus  Jordan  and  Gilbert 

Spinynose  sculpin P     Asemichthys  taylori  Gilbert 

Crested  sculpin P     Blepsias  bilobus  Cuvier 

Silverspotted  sculpin P     Blepsias  cirrhosus  (Pallas) 

Roughback  sculpin P     Chitonotus  pugetensis  (Steindachner) 

Sharpnose  sculpin P-F    Clinocottus  acuticeps  (Gilbert) 

Wooly  sculpin P     Clinocottus  analis  (Girard) 

Calico  sculpin P     Clinocottus  embryum  (Jordan  and  Starks) 

Mosshead  sculpin P     Clinocottus  globiceps  (Girard) 

Bald  sculpin P     Clinocottus  recalvus  (Greeley) 

Coastrange  sculpin P-F    Cottus  aleuticus  Gilbert 

Eagle  sculpin F     Cottus  annae  Jordan  and  Starks 

Prickly  sculpin P-F    Cottus  asper  Richardson 

Rough  sculpin F     Cottus  asperrinius  Rutter 

Mottled  sculpin F     Cottus  bairdi  Girard 

Piute  sculpin F     Cottus  beldingi  Eigenmann  and  Eigenmann 

Malheur  sculpin F     Cottus  bendirei  (Bean) 

Banded  sculpin F     Cottus  carolinae  (Gill) 

Slimy  sculpin F     Cottus  cognatus  Richardson 

Shoshone  sculpin F     Cottus  greenei  (Gilbert  and  Culver) 

Riffle  sculpin F     Cottus  gidosus  (Girard) 

Columbia  sculpin F     Cottus  hubbsi  Bailey  and  Dimick 

Marbled  sculpin F     Cottus  klamathensis  Gilbert 

Wood  River  sculpin F     Cottus  leiopomus  Gilbert  and  Evermann 

Margmed  sculpin F     Cottus  marginatus  (Bean) 

Reticulate  sculpin F     Cottus  perplexus  Gilbert  and  Evermann 

Klamath  Lake  sculpin F     Cottus  princeps  Gilbert 

Torrent  sculpin F     Cottus  rhotheus  (Smith) 

Spoonhead  sculpin F     Cottus  ricei  (Nelson) 

Slender  sculpin F     Cottus  tenuis  (Evermann  and  Meek) 

Spinyhead  sculpin P     Dasycottus  setiger  Bean 

Buffalo  sculpin P     Enophrys  bison  (Girard) 

Bull  sculpin P     Enophrys  taurina  Gilbert 

Soft  sculpin P     Gilbertidia  sigalutes  (Jordan  and  Starks) 

Arctic  staghorn  sculpin A-P   Gymnocanthus  tricuspis  (Reinhardt) 

Red  Irish  lord P     Hemilepidotus  hemilepidotus  (Tilesius) 

Brown  Irish  lord P     Hemilepidotus  spinosus  (Ayres) 

Sea  raven A     Hemitripterus  americanus  (Gmelin) 

Northern  sculpin P     Icelinus  borealis  Gilbert 

Dusky  sculpin P  ...  Icelinus  burchami  Evermann  and  Goldsborough 

Pit-head  sculpin P     Icelinus  cavifrons  Gilbert 

Threadfin  sculpin P     Icelinus  filamentosus  Gilbert 

Fringed  sculpin P     Icelinus  fimbriatus  Gilbert 

Frogmouth  sculpin P     Icelinus  oculatus  Gilbert 

Yellowchin  sculpin P     Icelinus  quadriseriatus  (Lockington) 

Spotfin  sculpin P     Icelinus  tenuis  Gilbert 

Twohorn  sculpin A     Icelus  bicornis  (Reinhardt) 

Spatulate  sculpin A-P   Icelus  spatula  Gilbert  and  Burke 

Longfin  sculpin P     Jordania  zonope  Starks 


COMMON   NAME                                        OCCURRENCE  SCIENTIFIC    NAME 

Lavender  sculpin P     Leiocottus  hirundo  Girard 

Pacific  staghorn  sculpin P-F    Leptocottus  armatus  Girard 

Blackfin  sculpin P     Malacocottus  kincaidi  Gilbert  and  Thompson 

Grubby A     Myoxocephalus  aeneus  (Mitchill) 

Longhorn  sculpin A     Myoxocephalus  octodecemspinosus  (Mitchill) 

Great  sculpin P     Myoxocephalus  polyacanthocephalus  (Pallas) 

Fourhorn  sculpin A-F-P Myoxocephalus  quadricornis  (Linnaeus) 

Arctic  sculpin A-P   Myoxocephalus  scorpioides  (Fabricius) 

Shorthorn  sculpin A-P   Myoxocephalus  scorpius  (Linnaeus) 

Sailfin  sculpin P     Nautichthys  oculofasciatus  (Girard) 

Tidepool  sculpin P     Oligocottus  macidosus  Girard 

Saddleback  sculpin P     Oligocottus  rimensis  (Greeley) 

Rosy  sculpin P     Oligocottus  rubellio  (Greeley) 

Fluffy  sculpin P     Oligocottus  snyderi  Greeley 

Snubnose  sculpin P     Orthonopias  triads  Starks  and  Mann 

Thornback  sculpin P     Paricelinus  hopliticus 

Eigenmann  and  Eigenmann 

Tadpole  sculpin P     Psychrolutes  paradoxus  Giinther 

Slim  sculpin P     Radulinus  asprellus  Gilbert 

Darter  sculpin P     Radulinus  holeoides  Gilbert 

Smoothgum  sculpin P     Radulinus  vinculus  Bolin 

Grunt  sculpin P     Rhamphocottus  richardsoni  Giinther 

Puget  Sound  sculpin P     Ruscarius  meanyi  Jordan  and  Starks 

Cabezon P     Scorpaenichthys  niarmoratus  (Ayres) 

Manacled  sculpin P     Synchirus  gilli  Bean 

Roughspine  sculpin P     Triglops  macellus  (Bean) 

Mailed  sculpin A     Triglops  nybelini  Jensen 

Ribbed  sculpin A-P   Triglops  pingeli  Reinhardt 

Agonidae — poachers  and  alligatorfishes 

Northern  spearnose  poacher P     Agonopsis  emmelane  (Jordan  and  Starks) 

Southern  spearnose  poacher P     Agonopsis  sterletus  (Gilbert) 

Sturgeon  poacher P     Agonus  acipenserinus  Tilesius 

Atlantic  poacher A     Agonus  decagonus  Bloch  and  Schneider 

Smooth  alligatorfish P     Anoplagonus  inermis  (Giinther) 

Aleutian  alligatorfish P     Aspidophoroides  bartoni  Gilbert 

Alligatorfish A     Aspidophoroides  monopterygius  (Bloch) 

Arctic  alligatorfish A-P   Aspidophoroides  olriki  Liitken 

Gray  starsnout P     Asterotheca  alascana  (Gilbert) 

Spinycheek  starsnout P     Asterotheca  infraspinata  (Gilbert) 

Bigeye  poacher P     Asterotheca  pentacanthus  (Gilbert) 

Blackfin  poacher P     Bathyagonus  nigripinnis  Gilbert 

Rockhead P     Bothragonus  swani  (Steindachner) 

Fourhorn  poacher P     Hypsagonus  quadricornis  (Cuvier) 

Bering  poacher P     Occa  dodecaedra  (Tilesius) 

Warty  poacher P     Occa  verrucosa  (Lockington) 

Pygmy  poacher P     Odontopyxis  irispinosa  Lockington 

Tubenose  poacher P     Pallasina  barbata  (Steindachner) 

Sawback  poacher P     Sarritor  frenatus  (Gilbert) 

Longnose  poacher P     Sarritor  leptorhynchus  (Gilbert) 

Beardless  poacher P     Stelgis  vulsa  (Jordan  and  Gilbert) 

Pricklebreast  poacher P     Stellerina  xyostema  (Jordan  and  Gilbert) 

Blacktip  poacher P     Xeneretmus  latifrons  (Gilbert) 



Ciitfin  poacher P  Xeneretmus  leiops  Gilbert 

Stripefin  poacher P  Xeneretmus  ritteri  Gilbert 

Bluespotted  poacher P  Xeneretmus  triacanthus  (Gilbert) 

Cyclopteridae — lumpfishes  and  snailfishes 

Smooth  lumpsucker P  Aptocyclus  ventricosus  (Pallas) 

Longfin  snailfish A  Careproctus  longipinnis  Burke 

Globefish P  Cyclopterichthys  glaber  Steindachner 

Arctic  lumpsucker A  Cyclopteropsis  macalpini  (Fowler) 

Lumpfish A  Cyclopterus  lumpus  Linnaeus 

Leatherfin  lumpsucker A-P  Eumicrotremus  derjngini  Popov 

Pacific  spiny  lumpsucker P  Eumicrotremus  orbis  (Gunther) 

Atlantic  spiny  lumpsucker A  Eumicrotremus  spinosus  (Muller) 

Newfoundland  spiny  lumpsucker .     A  Eumicrotremus  terraenovae  Myers  and  Bohlke 

Seasnail A  Liparis  atlanticus  (Jordan  and  Evermann) 

Spotted  snailfish P  Liparis  callyodon  (Pallas) 

Ribbon  snailfish P  Liparis  cyclopus  Gunther 

Polka-dot  snailfish A-P  Liparis  cyclostigma  Gilbert 

]\Iarbled  snailfish P  Liparis  dennyi  Jordan  and  Starks 

Tidepool  snailfish P  Liparis  florae  (Jordan  and  Starks) 

Slipskm  snailfish P  Liparis  fucensis  Gilbert 

Gelatinous  seasnail A-P  Liparis  koefoedi  Parr 

Striped  seasnail A  Liparis  liparis  (Linnaeus) 

Slimy  snailfish P  Liparis  mucosiis  Ayres 

Showy  snailfish P  Liparis  pulchellus  Ayres 

Ringtail  snailfish P  Liparis  rutteri  (Gilbert  and  Snyder) 

Greenland  seasnail A  Liparis  tunicatus  Reinhardt 

Tadpole  snailfish P  Nectoliparis  pelagicus  Gilbert  and  Burke 

Prickly  snailfish P  Paraliparis  deani  Burke 

Bering  snailfish P  Polypera  beringiana  (Gilbert  and  Burke) 

Lobefin  snailfish P  Polypera  greeni  (Jordan  and  Starks) 

Dactylopteridae — flying  gurnards 

Flying  gurnard A  Dactylopterus  volitans  (Linnaeus) 

Trichodontidae — sandfishes 

Sailfin  sandfish P  Arctoscopus  japonicus  (Steindachner) 

Pacific  sandfish P  Trichodon  trichodon  (Tilesius) 

Ammodytidae — sand  lances 

American  sand  lance A  Ammodytes  americanus  DeKay 

Northern  sand  lance A  Ammodytes  dubius  Reinhardt 

Pacific  sand  lance A-P  Ammodytes  hexapterus  Pallas 

Opisthognathidae — j  a  wfishes 

Sword  tail  jawfish A  Lonchopisthus  lindneri  Ginsburg 

Yellowhead  jawfish A  Opisthognathus  aurifrons 

(Jordan  and  Thompson) 

Banded  jawfish A  Opisthognathus  fasciatus  Longley 

Longtail  jawfish A  Opisthognathus  lonchurus  Jordan  and  Gilbert 

Spotfin  jawfish A  Opisthognathus  macrognathus  Poey 

Mottled  jawfish A  Opisthognathus  maxillosus  Poey 



Pensacola  jawfish A     Opisthognathus  mystacinus  (Jordan) 

Dusky  jawfish A     Opisthognathus  whitehursti  (Longley) 

Bathymasteridae — ronquils 

Alaskan  ronquil P  . .  .Bathymaster  caeruleofasciatus  Gilbert  and  Burke 

Searcher P  Bathymaster  signatus  Cope 

Rough  ronquil P  Rathhunella  alleni  Gilbert 

Smooth  ronquil P  Rathhunella  hypoplectus  (Gilbert) 

Northern  ronquil P  Ronquilus  jordani  (Gilbert) 

Percophididae — flatheads 

Duckbill  flathead A     Bemhrops  anatirostris  Ginsburg 

Goby  flathead A     Bemhrops  gohioides  (Goode) 

Uranoscopidae — stargazers 

Freckled  stargazer A  Arioscopus  egregius  (Jordan  and  Thompson) 

Northern  stargazer A  Astroscopus  guttatus  Abbott 

Southern  stargazer A  Astroscopus  y-graecum  (Cuvier) 

Lancer  stargazer A  Kathetostoma  alhigutta  (Bean) 

Smooth  stargazer P  Kathetostoma  averruncus  Jordan  and  Bollman 

Dactyloscopidae — sand  stargazers 

Sand  stargazer A     Dactyloscopus  iridigitatus  Gill 

Arrow  stargazer A     Gillellus  greyae  Kanazawa 

Saddle  stargazer A     Heteristius  ruhrocinctus  (Longley) 

Callionymidae — dragonets 

Lancer  dragonet A     Callionymus  hairdi  Jordan 

Coral  dragonet A     Callionymus  boekei  Metzlaar 

Spotted  dragonet A     .  Callionymus  calliurus  Eigenmann  and  Eigenmann 

Clinidae — clinids 

Roughhead  blenny A     Acanthemhlemaria  aspera  (Longley) 

Spinyhead  blenny A     Acanthemhlemaria  spinosa  Metzelaar 

Island  kelpfish P     Alloclinus  holderi  (Lauderbach) 

Checkered  blenny A     Brannerella  ocellata  (Steindachner) 

Orangethroat  pikeblenny P     Chaenopsis  alepidota  (Gilbert) 

Bluethroat  pikeblenny A     Chaenopsis  ocellata  Poey 

Deep  water  blenny P     Cryptotrema  corallinum  Gilbert 

Banner  blenny A     Emhlemaria  atlantica  Jordan  and  Evermann 

Glass  blenny A     Emhlemaria  diaphana  (Longley) 

Sailfin  blenny A     Emhlemaria  pandionis  Evermann  and  Marsh 

Pirate  blenny A     Emhlemaria  piratula  Ginsburg  and  Reid 

Redeye  blenny A     Enneapterygius  pectoralis  Fowler 

Spotted  kelpfish P     Gihhonsia  elegans  (Cooper) 

Scarlet  kelpfish P     Gihhonsia  erythra  Hubbs 

Striped  kelpfish P     Gihhonsia  metzi  Hubbs 

Crevice  kelpfish P     Gihhonsia  montercyensis  Hubbs 

Wrasse  blenny A  .  Hemiemhlemaria  simulus  Longley  and  Hildebrand 

Giant  kelpfish P     Heterostichus  rostratus  Girard 


COMMON   NAME                                        OCCURRENCE  SCIENTIFIC   NAME 

Mimic  blenny A     Labrisomus  guppyi  (Norman) 

Downy  blenny A     Labrisomus  kalisherae  (Jordan) 

Spotcheek  blenny A     Labrisomus  nigricinctus  Howell  Rivero 

Hairy  blenny A     Labrisomus  nuchipinnis  (Quoy  and  Gaimard) 

Rosy  blenny A     Malacodenus  macropus  (Poey) 

Saddled  blenny A     Malacodenus  triangulatus  Springer 

Sarcastic  fringehead P     Neodinus  blanchardi  Girard 

Yellowfin  fringehead P     Neodinus  stephensae  Hubbs 

Onespot  fringehead P     Neodinus  uninotatus  Hubbs 

Coral  blenny A     Paradinus  cingulatus  (Evermann  and  Marsh) 

Banded  blenny A     Paradinus  fasciatus  (Steindachner) 

Horned  blenny A     Paradinus  grandicomis  (Rosen) 

Reef  finspot P     Paradinus  integripinnis  (Smith) 

Marbled  blenny A     Paradinus  marmoratus  (Steindachner) 

Blackfin  blenny A     Paradinus  nigripinnis  (Steindachner) 

Blackbelly  blenny A     Stathmonotus  hemphilli  Bean 

Eelgrass  blenny A     Stathmonotus  stahli  (Evermann  and  Marsh) 

Blenniidae — combtooth  blennies 

Molly  miller A     Blennius  cristatus  Linnaeus 

Seaweed  blenny A     Blennius  marmoreus  Poey 

Highfin  blenny A     Blennius  nicholsi  Tavolga 

Fringe  blenny A     Blennius  pilicornis  Cuvier 

Striped  blenny A     Chasmodes  bosquianus  (Lacepede) 

Florida  blenny A     Chasmodes  saburrae  Jordan  and  Gilbert 

Pearl  blenny A     Entomacrodus  textilis  (Quoy  and  Gaimard) 

Barred  blenny A  ...  Hypleurochilus  bermudensis  Beebe  and  Tee- Van 

Crested  blenny A     Hypleurochilus  geminatus  (Wood) 

Bay  blenny P     Hypsoblennius  gentilis  (Girard) 

Rockpool  blenny P     Hypsoblennius  gilberti  (Jordan) 

Feather  blenny A     Hypsoblennius  hentzi  (LeSueur) 

Freckled  blenny A     Hypsoblennius  ionthas  (Jordan  and  Gilbert) 

Redlip  blenny A     Ophioblennius  atlanticus  (Valenciennes) 

Anarhichadidae — wolffishes 

Northern  wolffish A     Anarhichas  denticulatus  Ej'0yer 

Atlantic  wolffish A     Anarhichas  lupus  Linnaeus 

Spotted  wolffish A     Anarhichas  minor  Olafsen 

Bering  wolffish P     Anarhichas  orientalis  Pallas 

Wolf -eel P     Anarrhichthys  ocellatus  Ayres 

Pholidae — gunnels 

Penpoint  gunnel P     Apodichthys  flavidus  Girard 

Stippled  gunnel P     Pholis  dolichogaster  (Pallas) 

Banded  gunnel A     Pholis  fasciata  (Bloch  and  Schneider) 

Bering  gunnel P     Pholis  gilli  Evermann  and  Goldsborough 

Rock  gunnel A     Pholis  gunnellus  (Linnaeus) 

Crescent  gunnel P     Pholis  laeta  (Cope) 

Saddleback  gunnel P     Pholis  ornata  (Girard) 

Red  gunnel P     Pholis  schultzi  Hubbs 

Kelp  gunnel P     Ulvicola  sanctaerosae  Gilbert  and  Starks 

Rockweed  gunnel P     Xererpes  fu^orum  (Jordan  and  Gilbert) 


COMMON   NAME                                        OCCURRENCE  SCIENTIFIC   NAME 

Stichaeidae^ — pricklebacks 

Y-blenny P  ...  .  Allolumpenus  hypochromus  Hubbs  and  Schultz 

Cockscomb P     Anoplarchus  purpurescens  Gill 

Monkeyf ace  blenny P     Cebidichthys  violaceus  (Girard) 

Mosshead  prickleback P     Chirolophus  nugator  (Jordan  and  Williams) 

Decorated  blenny P     Chirolophus  polyactocephalus  (Pallas) 

Wrymouth A     Cryptacanthodes  maculatus  Storer 

Giant  wrymouth P     Delolepis  gigantea  Kittlitz 

Fourline  snakeblenny A-P   Eumesogrammus  praecisus  (Kj0yer) 

Longsnout  blenny P     Lumpenella  longirostris 

(Evermann  and  Goldsborough) 

Slender  eelblenny A-P   Lumpenus  fabricii  (Valenciennes) 

Snake  blenny A     Lumpenus  lumpretaejormis  (Walbaum) 

Shanny A-P  Lumpenus  macidatus  (Fries) 

Stout  eelblenny A-P  Lumpenus  medius  Reinhardt 

Pacific  snakeblenny P     Lumpenus  sagitta  Wilimovsky 

Dwarf  wrymouth P     Lyconectes  aleutensis  Gilbert 

Ribbon  prickleback P     Phytichthys  chirus  (Jordan  and  Gilbert) 

Crisscross  prickleback P     Plagiogrammus  hopkinsi  Bean 

Bluebarred  prickleback P     Pleetohranchus  evides  Gilbert 

Whitebarred  blenny P     Poroclinus  rothrocki  Bean 

Arctic  shanny A-P  Stichaeus  punctatus  (Fabricius) 

Radiated  shanny A     Ulvaria  suhhifurcata  (Storer) 

Black  prickleback P     Xiphister  atropurpureus  (Kittlitz) 

Rock  blenny P     Xiphister  mucosus  (Girard) 

Ptilichthyidae — quillfishes 
Quillfish P     Ptilichthys  goodei  Bean 

Zoarcidae^ — eelpouts 

Bigfin  eelpout P     Aprodon  cortezianus  Gilbert 

Snakehead  eelpout P     Embryx  crotalina  (Gilbert) 

Fish  doctor A     Gymnelis  viridis  (Fabricius) 

Wolf  eelpout A     Lycenchelys  verrilli  (Goode  and  Bean) 

Blackmouth  eelpout P     Lycodapus  fierasfer  Gilbert 

Pallid  eelpout P     Lycodapus  mandibularis  Gilbert 

Shortfin  eelpout P     Lycodes  hrevipes  Bean 

Black  eelpout P     Lycodes  diapterus  Gilbert 

Newfoundland  eelpout A     Lycodes  lavalaei  Vladykov  and  Tremblay 

Wattled  eelpout P     Lycodes  palearis  Gilbert 

Pale  eelpout A     Lycodes  pallidus  Collett 

Arctic  eelpout A     Lycodes  reticulatus  Reinhardt 

Polar  eelpout A-P   Lycodes  turneri  Bean 

Blackbelly  eelpout P     Lycodopsis  pacifica  (Collett) 

Bearded  eelpout P     Lyconema  harhatum  Gilbert 

Ocean  pout A  ...  Macrozoarces  americanus  (Bloch  and  Schneider) 

Scytalinidae — graveldivers 
Graveldiver P     Scytalina  cerdale  Jordan  and  Gilbert 

'  In  addition  to  those  listed,  at  least  six  species  occur  in  our  area  only  in  Bering  Sea.  Too  little  is  known  about  these  to  permit  pro- 
posal of  common  names  at  this  time. 

2  In  addition  to  species  listed,  there  are  others  that  live  in  deep  water  off  our  coasts  and  some  that  occur  over  the  continental  shelf 
in  northern  seas,  especially  around  Alaska. 







Zaproridae — prowfishes 
.      P     

.  Zaprora  silenus  Jordan 

Brotulidae — brotulas 

Red  brotula P  Brosmophycis  marginata  (Ayres) 

Bearded  brotula A  Brotula  barbata  (Bloch  and  Schneider) 

Key  brotula A  Ogilbia  cayorum  Evermann  and  Kendall 

Ophidiidae — cusk-eels 

Fawn  eusk-eel A  Lepophidium  cervinum  (Goode  and  Bean) 

Blackedge  cusk-eel A  Lepophidium  graellsi  (Poey) 

Mottled  cusk-eel A  Lepophidium  jeannae  Fowler 

Bank  cusk-eel A  Ophidion  holbrooki  (Putnam) 

Pencil  cusk-eel P 

Mooneye  cusk-eel A 

Crested  cusk-eel A 

Polka-dot  cusk-eel A 

Basketweave  cusk-eel P 

Spotted  cusk-eel P 

Striped  cusk-eel A 

.  Ophidion  novaculum  Harry 

Ophidion  selenops  Robins  and  Bohlke 

Ophidion  welshi  (Nichols  and  Breder) 

Otophidium  omostigmum  (Jordan  and  Gilbert) 

Otophidium  scrippsae  Hubbs 

Otophidium  taylori  (Girard) 

Rissola  marginata  (DeKay) 


Carapidae — pearlfishes 
A     Carapus  hermudensis  (Jones) 

Stromateidae — butterfishes 

Black  ruff A 

Longfin  cigarfish P 

Silver-rag A 

Medusafish P 

Blackrag P 

Man-of-war  fish A 

Barrelfish A 

Pacific  pompano P 

Southern  harvestfish A 

Northern  harvestfish A 

Butterfish A 

Freckled  drif tfish A 

Silver  drif  tfish A 

Spotted  drif  tfish A 

Centrolophus  niger  (Gmelin) 

Cubiceps  gracilis  (Lowe) 

Cubiceps  nigriargenteus  Ginsburg 

,  Icichthys  lockingtoni  Jordan  and  Gilbert 

Icticus  pellv£idus  (Liitken) 

N omens  gronowi  (Gmelin) 

...  Palinurichthys  perciformis  (Mitchill) 

Palometa  simillima  (Ayres) 

Peprilus  alepidotus  (Linnaeus) 

Peprilus  paru  (Linnaeus) 

Poronotus  triacanthus  (Peck) 

Psenes  cyanophrys  Cuvier 

Psenes  maculatus  Liitken 

Psenes  regulus  Poey 

Tetragonuridae — squaretails 

Bigeye  squaretail A     

Smalleye  squaretail P     

Tetragonurus  atlanticus  Lowe 
.  .  .  Tetragonurus  cuvieri  Risso 


Icosteidae — ragfishes 
P     Icosteus  aenigmaticus  Lockington 

Sphyraenidae — barracudas 

Pacific  barracuda P      Sphyraena  argentea  Girard 

Great  barracuda A     Sphyraena  barracuda  (Walbaum) 

Northern  sennet A     Sphyraena  borealis  DeKay 



Guaguanche A     Sphyraena  guachancho  Cuvier 

Southern  sennet A     Sphyraena  picudilla  Poey 

Mugilidae — mullets 

Mountain  mullet A-F  Agonostomus  monticola  (Bancroft) 

Striped  mullet^ A-F-P Mugil  cephalus  Linnaeus 

White  mullet A     Mugil  curema  Valenciennes 

Redeye  mullet A     Mugil  gaimardiana  Desmarest 

Liza A     Mugil  liza  Valenciennes 

Fan  tail  mullet A     Mugil  trichodon  Poey 

Atherinidae — silversides 

Reef  silverside A  Allanetta  harringtonensis  (Goode) 

Hardhead  silverside A  Atherinomorus  stipes  (Miiller  and  Troschel) 

Topsmelt P-F  Atherinops  affinis  (Ayres) 

Jacksmelt P  Atherinopsis  calif omiensis  Girard 

Brook  silverside F  Labidesthes  sicculus  (Cope) 

California  grunion P  Leuresthes  tenuis  (Ayres) 

Rough  silverside A  Membras  martinica  (Valenciennes) 

Mississippi  silverside F  Menidia  audens  Hay 

Tidewater  silverside A-F  Menidia  beryllina  (Cope) 

Key  silverside A  Menidia  conchorum  Hildebrand  and  Ginsburg 

Waccamaw  silverside F  Menidia  extensa  Hubbs  and  Raney 

Atlantic  silverside A  Menidia  menidia  (Linnaeus) 

Polynemidae — threadfins 

Pacific  threadfin P     Polydactijlus  approximans  (Lay  and  Bennett) 

Atlantic  threadfin A     Polydactylus  octonemus  (Girard) 

Yellow  threadfin P      Polydactylus  opercularis  (Gill) 

Barbu A     Polydactylus  virginicus  (Linnaeus) 

Order  Pleuronectiformes  (Heterosomata) 

Bothidae — lefteye  flounders 

Three-eye  flounder A  Ancylopsetta  dilecta  (Goode  and  Bean) 

Ocellated  flounder A  Ancylopsetta  quadrocellata  Gill 

Peacock  flounder A  Boihus  lunatus  (Linnaeus) 

Eyed  flounder A  Boihus  ocellatus  (Agassiz) 

Pelican  flounder A  Chascanopsetta  lugubris  Alcock 

Gulf  Stream  flounder A  Citharichthys  arctifrons  Goode 

Horned  whiff A  Citharichthys  cornutus  (Giinther) 

Spotted  whiff A  Citharichthys  macrops  Dresel 

Pacific  sanddab P  Citharichthys  sordidus  (Girard) 

Bay  whiff A  Citharichthys  spilopterus  Giinther 

Speckled  sanddab P  Citharichthys  stigmaeus  Jordan  and  Gilbert 

Longfin  sanddab P  Citharichthys  xanthostigma  Gilbert 

Mexican  flounder A  Cyclopsetta  chittendeni  Bean 

Spotfin  flounder A  Cyclopsetta  jimhriata  (Goode  and  Bean) 

Spiny  flounder A  Engyophrys  sentus  Ginsburg 

Fringed  flounder A  Etropus  crossotus  Jordan  and  Gilbert 

Smallmouth  flounder A  Etropus  microstomus  (Gill) 

'  Known  as  black  mullet  in  Florida. 


COMMON   NAME                                        OCCURRENCE  SCIENTIFIC    NAME 

Gray  flounder A     Etropus  rimosus  Goode  and  Bean 

Shrimp  flounder A     Gastropsetta  frontalis  Bean 

Bigmouth  sole P  .  Hippoglossina  stomata  Eigenmann  and  Eigenmann 

Slim  flounder A     Monolene  antillarum  Norman 

Deepwater  flounder A     Monolene  sessilicauda  Goode 

Gulf  flounder A     Paralichthys  alhigutta  Jordan  and  Gilbert 

California  halibut P      Paralichthys  calif omicus  (Ayres) 

Summer  flounder A     Paralichthys  dentatus  (Linnaeus) 

Southern  flounder A     Paralichthys  lethostigma  Jordan  and  Gilbert 

Fourspot  flounder A     Paralichthys  oblongus  (Mitchill) 

Broad  flounder A     Paralichthys  sguamilentus  Jordan  and  Gilbert 

Windowpane A     Scophthalmus  aquosus  (Mitchill) 

Shoal  flounder A     Syacium  gunteri  Ginsburg 

Channel  flounder A     Syacium  micrurum  Ranzani 

Dusky  flounder A     Syacium  papillosum  (Linnaeus) 

Sash  flounder A     Trichopsetta  ventralis  (Goode  and  Bean) 

Fan  tail  sole P      Xystreurys  liolepis  Jordan  and  Gilbert 

Pleuronectidae — righteye  flounders 

Arrowtooth  flounder P      Atheresthes  stomias  (Jordan  and  Gilbert) 

Deepsea  sole P      Emhassichthys  hathybius  (Gilbert) 

Petrale  sole P     Eopsetta  jordani  (Lockington) 

Witch  flounder A     Glyptocephalus  cynoglossus  (Linnaeus) 

Rex  sole P     Glyptocephalus  zachirus  Lockington 

Flathead  sole P      Hippoglossoides  elassodon  Jordan  and  Gilbert 

American  plaice A     Hippoglossoides  platessoides  (Fabricius) 

Bering  flounder P      Hippoglossoides  robustiis  Gill  and  Townsend 

Atlantic  halibut A     Hippoglossus  hippoglossus  (Linnaeus) 

Pacific  halibut P     Hippoglossus  stenolepis  Schmidt 

Diamond  turbot P      Hypsopsetta  guttulata  (Girard) 

Butter  sole P      Isopsetta  isolepis  (Lockington) 

Rock  sole P     Lepidopsetta  bilineata  (Ayres) 

Yellowfin  sole P      Limanda  aspera  (Pallas) 

Yellowtail  flounder A     Limanda  ferruginea  (Storer) 

Longhead  dab P     Limanda  proboscidea  Gilbert 

Arctic  flounder P     Liopsetta  glacialis  (Pallas) 

Smooth  flounder A     Liopsetta  putnami  (Gill) 

Slender  sole P      Lyopsetta  exilis  (Jordan  and  Gilbert) 

Dover  sole P     Microstomus  pacificus  (Lockington) 

English  sole P     Parophrys  vetulus  Girard 

Starry  flounder P-F   Platichthys  stellatus  (Pallas) 

Alaska  plaice P      Pleuronectes  quadrituberculatus  Pallas 

C-0  sole P     Pleuronichthys  coenosus  Girard 

Curlfin  sole P     Pleuronichthys  decurrens  Jordan  and  Gilbert 

Spotted  turbot P     Pleuronichthys  ritteri  Starks  and  Morris 

Hornyhead  turbot P     Pleuronichthys  verticalis  Jordan  and  Gilbert 

Sand  sole P      Psettichthys  melanostictus  Girard 

Winter  flounder A     Pseudopleuronectes  americanus  (Walbaum) 

Greenland  halibut A     Reirihardtius  hippoglossoides  (Walbaum) 

Soleidae — soles 

Lined  sole A     Achirus  lineatus  (Linnaeus) 

Naked  sole A     Gymnachirus  nudus  Kaup 

Scrawled  sole A     Trinectes  inscriptus  (Gosse) 

Hogchoker A     Trinectes  maculatus  (Bloch  and  Schneider) 



Cynoglossidae — tonguefishes 

California  tonguefish P  Symphurus  atricauda  (Jordan  and  Gilbert) 

Offshore  tonguefish A  Symphurus  civitatus  Ginsburg 

Spottedfin  tonguefish A  Symphurus  diomedianus  (Goode  and  Bean) 

Largescale  tonguefish A  Symphurus  minor  Ginsburg 

Pygmy  tonguefish A  Symphurus  parvus  Ginsburg 

Longtail  tonguefish A  Symphurus  pelicanus  Ginsburg 

Deepwater  tonguefish A  Symphurus  piger  (Goode  and  Bean) 

Blackcheek  tonguefish A  Symphurus  plagiusa  (Linnaeus) 

Northern  tonguefish A  Symphurus  pusillus  (Goode  and  Bean) 

Spottail  tonguefish A  Symphurus  urospilus  Ginsburg 

Order  Echeneiformes  (Discocephali) 

Echeneidae — remoras 

Sharksucker A  Echeneis  naucrates  Linnaeus 

Whitefin  sharksucker A  Echeneis  neucratoides  Zuieuw 

Slender  suckerfish A  Phtheirichthys  Uneatus  (Menzies) 

Whalesucker A-P  Remora  australis  (Bennett) 

Spearfish  remora A-P  Remora  brachyptera  (Lowe) 

Marlinsucker A-P  Remora  osieochir  (Cuvier) 

Remora A-P  Remora  remora  (Linnaeus) 

White  suckerfish A-P  Remorina  albescens  (Temminck  and  Schlegel) 

Order  Gobiesociformes  (Xenopterygii) 

Gobiesocidae — clingfishes 

Emerald  clingfish A  Acyrtops  beryllinus  (Hildebrand  and  Ginsburg) 

Northern  clingfish P  Gobiesox  maeandricus  (Girard) 

Bearded  clingfish P  Gobiesox  papillifer  Gilbert 

Stippled  clingfish A  Gobiesox  punctulatus  (Poey) 

California  clingfish P  Gobiesox  rhessodon  Smith 

Skilletfish A  Gobiesox  strumosus  Cope 

Slender  clingfish P  Rimicola  eigenmanni  (Gilbert) 

Kelp  clingfish P  Rimicola  muscarum  (Meek  and  Hildebrand) 

Order  Tetraodontiformes  (Plectognathi) 

Triacanthodidae — spikefishes 

Jambeau A     Parahollardia  lineata  (Longley) 

Balistidae — triggerfishes  and  filefishes 

Unicorn  filefish A  Alutera  monoceros  (Linnaeus) 

Orange  filefish A  Alutera  schoepfi  (Walbaum) 

Scrawled  filefish A  Alutera  scripta  (Osbeck) 

Dotterel  filefish A  Alutera  ventralis  Longley 

Gray  triggerfish A  Batistes  capriscus  Gmelin 

Spotted  triggerfish A  Batistes  forcipatus  Gmelin 

Finescale  triggerfish P  Batistes  polylepis  Steindachner 

Queen  triggerfish A  Batistes  vetula  Linnaeus 

Orangespotted  filefish A  Cantherines  pullus  (Ranzani) 

Rough  triggerfish A  Canthidermis  maculatus  (Bloch) 

Ocean  triggerfish A  Canthidermis  sufflamen  (Mitchill) 

Black  durgon A  Melichthys  radula  (Solander) 



Fringed  filefish A     Monacanthus  ciliatus  (Mitchill) 

Planehead  filefish A     Monacanthis  hispidus  (Linnaeus) 

Pygmy  filefish A     Monacanthus  setifer  Bennett 

Slender  filefish A     Monacanthus  tuckeri  Bean 

Redtail  triggerfish P     Xanthichthys  lineopunctatus  (Hollard) 

Sargassum  triggerfish A     Xanthichthys  ringens  (Linnaeus) 

Ostraciidae — trunkfishes 

Spotted  trunkfish A  Lactophrys  bicaudalis  (Linnaeus) 

Cowfish A  Lactophrys  quadricornis  (Linnaeus) 

Trunkfish A  Lactophrys  trigonus  (Linnaeus) 

Smooth  trunkfish A  Lactophrys  triqueter  (Linnaeus) 

Spiny  trunkfish P  Lactoria  diaphana  (Bloch  and  Schneider) 

Tetraodontidae — puffers 

Sharpnose  puffer A  Canthigaster  rostrata  (Bloch) 

Smooth  puffer A  Lagocephalus  laevigatus  (Linnaeus) 

Oceanic  puffer P  Lagocephalus  lagocephalus  (Linnaeus) 

Jugfish A  Lagocephalus  pachycephalus  (Ranzani) 

Bullseye  puffer P  Sphaeroides  annulatus  ( Jenyns) 

Marbled  puffer A  Sphaeroides  dorsalis  Longley 

Northern  puffer A  Sphaeroides  maculatus  (Bloch  and  Schneider) 

Southern  puffer A  Sphaeroides  nephelus  (Goode  and  Bean) 

Bandtail  puffer A  Sphaeroides  spengleri  (Bloch) 

Checkered  puffer A  Sphaeroides  testudineus  (Linnaeus) 

Diodontidae — porcupinefishes 

Pacific  burrfish P     Chilomycterus  affinis  Giinther 

Bridled  burrfish A     Chilomycterus  antennatus  (Cuvier) 

Web  burrfish A     Chilomycterus  antillarum  Jordan  and  Rutter 

Spotted  burrfish A     Chilomycterus  atinga  (Linnaeus) 

Striped  burrfish A     Chilomycterus  schoepfi  (Walbaum) 

Balloonfish A     Diodon  holacanthus  Linnaeus 

Porcupinefish A-P   Diodon  hystrix  Linnaeus 

Molidae — molas 

Sharptail  mola A     Mola  lanceolata  Lienard 

Ocean  sunfish A-P   Mola  mola  (Linnaeus) 

Slender  mola P     Ranzania  laevis  (Pennant) 

Order  Batrachoidiformes  (Haplodoci) 

Batrachoididae — toadfishes 

Gulf  toadfish A  Opsanus  beta  (Goode  and  Bean) 

Leopard  toadfish A  Opsanus  pardus  (Goode  and  Bean) 

Oyster  toadfish A  Opsanus  tau  (Linnaeus) 

Slim  midshipman P  Porichthys  myriaster  Hubbs  and  Schultz 

Northern  midshipman P  Porichthys  notatus  Girard 

Atlantic  midshipman A  Porichthys  porosissimus  (Cuvier) 

Order  Lophiiformes  (Pediculati) 

Lophiidae — goosefishes 

Goosefish A     Lophius  americanus  Valenciennes 



Antennariidae — frogfishes 

Roughjaw  frogfish P     Antennarius  avalonis  Jordan  and  Starks 

Longlure  frogfish A     Antennarius  multiocellatus  (Valenciennes) 

Ocellated  frogfish A     Antennarius  ocellatus  (Bloch  and  Schneider) 

Singlespot  frogfish A     Antennarius  radiosus  Garman 

SpUtlure  frogfish A     Antennarius  scaber  (Cuvier) 

Sargassumfish A     Histrio  histrio  (Linnaeus) 

OgcocephaUdae — batfishes 

Spiny  batfish A     Halieutichthys  aculeatus  (Mitchill) 

Tricom  batfish A     Ogcocephalus  mcgintyi  Fowler 

Shortnose  batfish A       Ogcocephalus  nasutus  (Valenciennes) 

Roughback  batfish A     Ogcocephalus  parvus  Longley  and  Hildebrand 

Polka-dot  batfish A     Ogcocephalus  radiatus  (Mitchill) 

Longnose  batfish A     Ogcocephalus  vespertilio  (Linnaeus) 

Spotted  batfish P     Zalieutes  elater  (Jordan  and  Gilbert) 


Index  to  Common  Names 

agujon 20 

albacore 35 

false — see  tuna,  little 

alewife 10 

alligatorfish 40 

Aleutian 40 

Arctic 40 

smooth 40 

alligatorfishes 40 

allmouth — see  goosefish 

amberjack,  false — see  amberjack,  lesser 

greater 30 

lesser 30 

Pacific 30 

slender — see  rudderfish,  banded 



anchovy,  bay 







New  Jersey 


Pacific — see  anchovy,  northern 





angelfish,  black — see  angelfish,  French; 
angelfish,  gray 

blue 32 

French 32 

gray 32 

quee» 32 

white — see  spadefish,  Atlantic 

angler — see  goosefish 

argentine,  Atlantic 12 

Pacific 12 

argentines 12 


bairdiella 31 

balao 20 

balloonfish 49 

ballyhoo 20 

redtail — see  ballyhoo 

barbfish 36 

barbier,  red 25 

barbu 46 

barracuda,    California — see    barracuda, 

great 45 

northern — see  sennet,  northern 

Pacific 45 

barracudas 45 

barreleye 12 

barreleyes 12 

barrelfish 45 

bass,  bank  sea 25 

bigeye — see  salema 

black^ — see  bass,  largemouth;  bass, 
smallmouth;  bass,  spotted;  bass,  red- 

blackear 25 

black  sea 25 

see  also  bass,  giant  sea 
blue — see  blacksmith;  croaker,  black; 

opaleye;  sargo 
bull — see  bass,  kelp 
calico — see  bass,  kelp;  crappie,  black 

chalk 26 

channel — see  drum,  red 
Coosa — see  bass,  redeye 

crimson 25 

giant  sea 26 

see  also  skilfish 

Guadalupe 27 

kelp 25 

Kentucky — see  bass,  spotted 

lantern 25 

largemouth 27 

longtail 25 

orangeback 25 

pygmy  sea 26 

redeye 27 

see  also  bass,  rock 

reef 25 

Roanoke 27 

rock 27 

rock  sea 25 

roughtongue 25 

saddle 25 

sand 25 

silver — see  bass,  white 

smallmouth 27 

southern  sea 25 

speckled — see  crappie,  black 




bass,  splittail 25 

spotted 27 

spotted  sand 25 

stone — see  wreckfish 
strawberry — see  crappie,  black 

streamer 25 

striped 26 

Suwannee 27 

white 26 

yellow 26 

yellowtail 25 

basses,  sea 25 

batfish,  longnose 50 

polka-dot 50 

roughback 50 

shortnose 50 

spiny 50 

spotted 50 

tricorn 50 

baysmelt —  see  topsmelt 
beadeye — see  stonecat 

beardfish 24 

beardfishes 24 

beaugregory 33 

beauty,  rock 32 

bergall — see  cunner 

bigeye 26 

short 26 

bigeyes 26 

billfish — see  needlefish;  saury;  gar 

billfishes 35 

bitterling 16 

blackback — see  flounder,  winter 

blackcod — see  sablefish 

blackfish — see  bass,  black  sea ;  tautog 

Alaska 12 

Sacramento 16 

blackrag 45 

blacksmith 33 

blanquillo — see  whitefish,  ocean 

blennies,  combtooth 43 

blenny,  banded 43 

banner 42 

barred 43 

see  prickleback,  bluebarred 

bay 43 

belted — see  prickleback,  ribbon 
black — see  prickleback,  black 

blackbelly 43 

blackfin 43 

bracketed — see  gunnel,  crescent 
burrowing — see  graveldiver 

checkered 42 

coral 43 

crested 43 

see  also  cockscomb 

decorated 44 

deep  water 42 

downy 43 

eelgrass 43 

feather 43 

Florida 43 

freckled 43 

fringe 43 

fucus — see  gunnel,  rockweed 

glass 42 

hairy 43 

highfin 43 

horned 43 

longsnout 44 

marbled 43 

mimic 43 

monkeyface 44 

ornamented — see    prickleback,    moss- 

pearl 43 

pen-point — see  gunnel,  penpoint 

pirate 42 

redeye 42 

redlip 43 

rock 44 

see  prickleback,  black 

rockpool 43 

rosy 43 

roughhead 42 

saddled 43 

see  gunnel,  saddleback 

sailfin 42 

seaweed 43 

snake 44 

spinyhead 42 

spotcheek 43 

striped 43 

whitebarred 44 

wrasse 42 

blindcat,  toothless 19 

widemouth 19 

blindfish — see  cavefish 

bloater 11 

bluefish 29 

bluefishes 29 

bluegill 27 

bluehead 34 

boarfish,  deepbody 24 

shortspine 24 

boarfishes 24 

bobo — see  threadfin,  Pacific 

bocaccio 37 

bonefish 10 

bonefishes 10 

bonehead — see  bonito.  Pacific 

bonito,  Atlantic 35 

California — see  bonito.  Pacific 
oceanic — see  tuna,  skipjack 

Pacific 35 

striped 35 



bonnethead 8 

bony  fishes 9 

bonytail 14 

boo  hoo — see  mackerel,  frigate 

bowfin 10 

bowfins 10 

boxfish — see  trunkfish 

spiny — see  burrfish,  striped 

bream — see  pinfish;  bluegill 
Ray's— see  pomfret 
sea 32 

brill — see  sole,  petrale 

broadbill — see  svvordfish 

brotula,  bearded 45 

key 45 

red 45 

brotulas 45 

buffalo,  bigmouth 17 

black 17 

gourd-head — see  buffalo,  bigmouth 

highback — see  buffalo,  smallmouth 

mongrel — see  buffalo,  black 

razorback — see  buffalo,  smallmouth 

redmouth — see  buffalo,  bigmouth 

round — see  buffalo,  black 

smallmouth 17 

bull,  Mexican — see  margate,  black 

buUfish — see  cabezon 

bullhead — see  also  cabezon;  sculpin,  Pa- 
cific staghorn 

black 18 

bro\vn 18 

flat 18 

yellow 18 

bumper 29 

burbot 22 

burrfish,  bridled 49 

Pacific 49 

spotted 49 

striped 49 

web 49 

butterfish 45 

see  also  gunnel,  rock 

butterfishes 45 

butterflyfish,  banded 32 

bank 32 

f oureye 32 

longsnout 32 

reef 32 

spotfin 32 

butterflyfishes 32 


cabezon 40 

see  also  sculpin.  Pacific  staghorn 
cabezone — see  sculpin.  Pacific  staghorn 
cabio — see  cobia 
cabrilla,  spotted 25 

candlefish — see  eulachon 

capelin 12 

cardinalfish,  barred 26 

belted 26 

bridle 26 

bronze 26 

dusky 26 

freckled 26 

pale 26 

sawcheek 26 

twospot 26 

whitestar 26 

cardinalfishes 26 

carp 13 

carps 13 

carpsucker,  highfin 17 

plains 17 

river 17 

cartilaginous  fishes 6 

catalufa — see  also  bigeye 

popeye 26 

catfish,  bigmouth — see  catfish,  gaff  topsail 
black — see  bullhead,  black 

blue 18 

brown — see  bullhead,  brown 

channel 18 

flathead 19 

forktail — see  catfish,  white 

gafftopsail 18 

headwater 18 

mud — see  catfish,  flathead 
Potomac — see  catfish,  white 

sea 18 

see  also  v/olffish,  Atlantic 
shovelhead — see  catfish,  flathead 
smallmouth — see  catfish,  sea 
spoonbill — see  paddlefish 
squaretail — see  bullhead,  brown 

white 18 

Yaqui 18 

yellow — see  catfish,  flathead 

catfishes,  freshwater 18 

sea 18 

cavefish,  northern 22 

Ozark 22 

southern 22 

spring 22 

cavefishes 22 

cero 35 

chaetodon — see  sunfish,  blackbanded 

char,  Arctic 12 

Great  Lakes — see  trout,  lake 
speckled — see  trout,  brook 

characins 13 

charr — see  char 

cherubfish 32 

chilipepper 37 

chimaeras 9 



chinafish — see   filefish,    scrawled;    rock- 
fish,  china 

chiro — see  ladj^sh 

chiselmouth 13 

chromis,  blue 33 

brown 33 

chub — see  also  cisco 

Alabama 14 

arroyo 14 

Bermuda 32 

bigeye 14 

blotched 14 

blue 13 

bluehead 14 

Columbia  River — see  peamouth 

creek 17 

flame 14 

flathead 14 

gravel 14 

highback 14 

hornyhead 14 

humpback 13 

Klamath — see  chub,  blue 

lake 14 

least 14 

leatherside 17 

Mohave 17 

northern — see  chub,  lake 

Oregon 14 

peamouth — see  peamouth 

redeye 14 

Rio  Grande 14 

river 14 

rosyface 14 

sicklefin 14 

silver 14 

slender 14 

Sonora 14 

speckled 14 

spotfin 14 

streamline 14 

sturgeon 14 

thicklip 14 

thicktail 13 

Tui 17 

Utah 13 

Yaqui 14 

yellow 32 

chubs,  sea 32 

chubsucker,  creek 17 

lake 17 

sharpfin 17 

cichlid,  pearl — see  perch,  Rio  Grande 

velvet 33 

cichlids 33 

cigarfish — see   also   scad,    round;   scad, 

longfin 45 











white — see  cisco,  deepwater 

clingfish,  bearded 48 

California 48 

common — see  clingfish,  northern 

emerald 48 

kelp 48 

northern 48 

slender 48 

stippled 48 

clingfishes 48 

clinids 42 

cobbler — see  mummichog 

cobia 29 

cobias 29 

cockscomb 44 

cod,  Arctic 22 

Atlantic 22 

black — see  sablefish 

blue — see  cabezon 

bull — see  cabezon 

channel — see  rockfish,  channel 

chili— see  chilipepper 

cultus — see  lingcod 

Greenland 22 

northern — see  cod,  saffron 

Pacific 22 

polar 22 

rock — see  cod,  Atlantic;  rockfish 

saffron 22 

codfishes 22 

combfish,  longspine 38 

shortspine 38 

combfishes 38 

conchfish 26 

coney 25 

conger,  bandtooth 19 

Catalina 19 

manytooth 19 

margintail 19 

silver 19 

whiptail 19 

yellow 19 

conny — see  inconnu 

convictfish — see  greenling,  painted 

corbina,  Cahfornia 31 

cornetfish 23 

cornetfishes 23 

corvina,  orangemouth 31 



corvina,  shortfin 31 

cottonwick 31 

cowfish 49 

crabeater — see  cobia 

crampfish — see  ray,  lesser  electric 

crappie,  black 27 

white 27 

creole-fish 25 

crestfish 24 

crestfishes 24 

crevalle,  green — see  runner,  blue 
jack — see  jack,  crevalle 

croaker,  Atlantic 31 

black 31 

blue 31 

Catalina 31 

china — see  croaker,  black;  sargo 
golden — see  croaker,  spotfin 
king — see  croaker,  white 

reef 31 

spotfin 31 

white 31 

yellowfin 31 

cubbyn 31 

cui-ui 17 

cultus.  Pacific — see  lingcod 

cunner 34 

cusk 22 

cusk-eel,  bank 45 

basketweave 45 

blackedge 45 

crested 45 

fawn 45 

mooneye 45 

mottled 45 

pencil 45 

polka-dot 45 

spotted 45 

striped 45 

cusk-eels 45 

cutlassfish,  Atlantic 34 

Pacific 34 

cutlassfishes 34 

cyprinodon,   variegated  —  see   minnow, 


dab — see  also  sanddab 

Atlantic  sand — see  windowpane 

longhead 47 

mottled  sand — see  sanddab.  Pacific 
mud — see  sole,  yellowfin 
rough — see  plaice,  American 
rusty — see  flounder,  yellowtail 

dace,  blacknose 16 

desert 13 

finescale 13 

horned — see  chub,  creek 

leopard 16 

longfin 13 

longnose 16 

Moapa 14 

mountain  redbelly 13 

northern  redbelly 13 

pearl 17 

redside 13 

rosyside 13 

southern  redbelly 13 

speckled 16 

Umpqua 16 

damselfish,  bicolor 33 

cocoa 33 

dusky 33 

threespot 33 

yellowtail 33 

damselfishes 33 

darter,  Arkansas 27 

Arkansas  saddled 28 

arrow 28 

ashy 27 

backwater 29 

banded 28 

barcheek 28 

blackbanded 29 

blackside 29 

blackside  snubnose 27 

blenny 27 

bluebreast 27 

blueside 28 

bluestripe 29 

bluntnose 27 

bronze 29 

broAvn 28 

Carolina 27 

channel 29 

Coosa 27 

crystal 27 

Cumberland  snubnose 27 

cypress 28 

dusky 29 

eastern  sand 27 

fantail 28 

finescale  saddled 28 

fountain 28 

gilt 29 

glassy 28 

goldstripe 28 

greenbreast 28 

greenside 27 

greenthroat 28 

gulf 28 

Harlequin 28 

Iowa 28 

Johnny 28 

Kanawha 28 

least 28 



darter,  leopard 29 

longfin 28 

longhead 29 

longnose 29 

Maryland 28 

Missouri  saddled 28 

mud 27 

naked  sand 27 

Niangua 28 

olive 29 

orangebelly 28 

orangethroat 28 

Piedmont 29 

pinewoods 28 

rainbow 27 

redband 28 

redfin 28 

redline 28 

Rio  Grande 28 

river 29 

riverweed 28 

rock 28 

Saluda 28 

Savannah 28 

sawcheek 28 

scalyhead 27 

scaly  sand 27 

seagreen 28 

sharphead 27 

sharpnose 29 

shield 29 

slenderhead 29 

slough 28 

speckled 28 

spottail 28 

spotted 28 

stargazing 29 

stippled 28 

stripeback 29 

striped 28 

stripetail 28 

swamp 28 

Swannanoa 28 

Tennessee  snubnose 28 

Tippecanoe 28 

Tuckasegee 28 

turquoise 28 

Tuscumbia 28 

variegate 28 

Waccamaw 28 

western  sand 27 

yellow 29 

yoke 28 

dealfish 24 

devil,  red — see  wrymouth,  dwarf 

devilfish,  little — see  ray,  devil 

dick,  shppery 33 

diver,  sand 13 

doctor,  fish 44 

doctorfish 34 

dogfish,  black 8 

chain 7 

Cuban 8 

freshwater — see  bowfin 

smooth 7 

spiny 8 

dollarfish — see  harvestfish 

Dolly  Varden 12 

dolphin 30 

pompano 30 

dolphins 30 

dorado — see  dolphin 
dore — see  walleye 

dories 24 

Dory,  American  John 24 

doughbelly — see  stoneroUer 

dragonet,  coral 42 

lancer 42 

spotted 42 

dragonets 42 

driftfish,  freckled 45 

silver 45 

spotted 45 

drum,  banded 31 

black 31 

freshwater 31 

red 31 

sand 31 

sea — see  drum,  black 

spotted 31 

star 31 

striped 31 

drums 31 

durgon,  black 48 


eel,  American 19 

blotched  snake 19 

California  worm 19 

conger 19 

Congo — see  wrymouth,  giant 

finless 20 

goldspotted 20 

horsehair 19 

key  worm 19 

lamprey — see  lamprey 

monkeyface — see  blenny,  monkeyface 

mustard 20 

Pacific  snake 20 

palespotted 20 

ridgefin 19 

rock — see  gunnel,  rock 

sailfin 19 

sand — see  lance,  sand 

sharptail 19 

shorttail  snake 19 



eel,  shrimp 20 

silver — see  cutlassfish 

slender  pike 19 

slime — see  hagfish 

snapper 20 

sooty 19 

speckled  worm 20 

spiny 20 

spotted  snake 20 

spotted  spoon-nose 20 

stippled  spoon-nose 20 

surf 19 

thread 19 

tiger  snake 20 

whip 19 

yellow  snake 20 

eelback — see  flounder,  smooth 

eelblenny,  slender 44 

stout 44 

eelpout — see  also  pout,  ocean ;  burbot 

Arctic 44 

bearded 44 

bigfin 44 

black 44 

blackbelly 44 

blackmouth 44 

Newfoundland 44 

pale 44 

pallid 44 

pearly — see  eelpout,  blackmouth 

polar 44 

shortfin 44 

snakehead 44 

wattled 44 

wolf 44 

eelpouts 44 

eels,  conger 19 

freshwater 19 

mustard 20 

snake 19 

snipe 19 

spiny 20 

escolar 34 

eulachon 12 


faimsh 17 

fatback — see  menhaden 

fathead — see  sheephead,  California 

filefish,  common — see  filefisn,  planehead 

dotterel 48 

fringed 49 

lettered — see  filefish,  scrawled 
longtail — see  filefish,  scrawled 

orange 48 

orangespotted 48 

planehead 49 

pygmy ;  49 

scrawled 48 

slender 49 

unicorn 48 

filefishes 48 

finspot,  reef 43 

fish,  dovetail — see  sergeant,  night 

flag,  Spanish 25 

see  also  rockfish,  flag 

flagfish 21 

flamefish 26 

flasher — see  tripletail 
flatfish — see  flounder,  winter 

flathead,  duckbill 42 

goby 42 

flatheads 42 

flier 27 

flounder,  Arctic 47 

arrowtooth 47 

Bering 47 

broad 47 

broadfin — see  sole,  rock 

channel 47 

curlfin — see  sole,  curlfin 

deep  water 47 

diamond — see  turbot,  diamond 

dusky 47 

English — see  sole,  English 

eyed 46 

fantail — see  sole,  fantail 
flathead — see  sole,  flathead 

fourspot 47 

fringe — see  sole,  sand 

fringed 46 

Georges  Bank — see  flounder,  winter 

gray 47 

gulf 47 

Gulf  Stream 46 

hornyhead — see  turbot,  hornyhead 
lemon — see  sole,  English 
longfin-see  sole,  rex 
longjaw — see  flounder,  arrowtooth 

Mexican 46 

ocellated 46 

peacock 46 

pelican 46 

pointed-nose — see  sole,  English 
rock — see  sole,  rock 
roundnose — see  sole,  petrale 

sash 47 

sand — see  flounder,  gulf;  sole,  sand 
scalyfin — see  sole,  butter 

shoal 47 

shrimp 47 

slender — see  sole,  slender 

slun 47 

slime — see  sole,  Dover 

slippery — see  sole,  Dover 

smallmouth 46 



flounder,  smooth 47 

southern 47 

spiny 46 

spotfin 46 

starry 47 

summer 47 

three-eye 46 

winter 47 

witch 47 

yellowtail 47 

flounders,  lef teye 46 

righteye 47 

fluke,  fourspot — see  flounder,  fourspot 
gulf — see  flounder,  gulf 
southern — see  flounder,  southern 
summer — see  flounder,  summer 

flyingfish,  Atlantic 20 

bandwing 20 

blackwing 21 

bluntnose 21 

California 20 

clearwing 20 

fourwing 21 

margined 20 

oceanic  two-wing 21 

sailfin 21 

sharpchin 21 

smallwing 21 

spotfin 20 

tropical  two-wing 21 

flyingfishes 20 

foolfish — see  filefish 

fringehead,  onespot 43 

sarcastic 43 

yellowfin 43 

frogfish,  longlure 50 

ocellated 50 

roughjaw 50 

singlespot 50 

splitlure 50 

frostfish — see  tomcod,   Atlantic;  white- 
fish,  round 


gag 25 

gambusia.  Big  Bend 22 

blotched 22 

Clear  Creek 22 

largespring 22 

Pecos 22 

gar,  alligator 10 

Florida 10 

longnose 10 

saltwater — see  needlefish 

shortnose 10 

silver — see  needlefish 

spotted 10 

garfish — see  needlefish,  California 

garibaldi 33 

garpike — see  gar 

gars 10 

gaspereau — see  alewife 

gaspergou — see  drum,  freshwater 

ghostfish — see  wrymouth 

globefish 41 

see  also  sunfish,  ocean 

goatfish,  dwarf 32 

Mexican 31 

red 31 

spotted 32 

yellow 31 

goatfishes 31 

gobies 35 

goby,  arrow 35 

banner 36 

bay 36 

bearded 35 

bUnd 36 

bluebanded 36 

bluespot 35 

bridled 35 

cheekspot 36 

clown 36 

code 36 

crested 36 

darter 36 

emerald 36 

finescale — see  goby,  bay 

freshwater 36 

frUlfin 35 

goldspot 36 

green 36 

halfblind 36 

highfin 36 

largescale — see  goby,  bluespot 
long]  aw — see  mudsucker,  longjaw 

longtail 36 

lyre 36 

marked 36 

naked 36 

neon 35 

notchtongue  35 

orangespotted 36 

paleback 36 

river 35 

seaboard 36 

Seminole 36 

shadow 36 

sharptail 36 

slim 36 

smallmouth 36 

sponge 36 

spottail 36 

tidewater 35 

tiger 36 

twoscale 36 



goby,  violet 36 

white-eye 35 

whiteline 36 

zebra 36 

goggle-eye — see  bass,  rock;  scad,  bigeye 

goggler— see  scad,  bigeye 

goldeye 12 

goldfish 13 

Catalina — see  garibaldi 
ocean — see  garibaldi 

goody-see  spot 

goosefish 49 

goosefishes 49 

goujon — see  catfish,  flathead 

graveldiver 44 

graveldivers 44 

grayback — see  alewife 

grayfish — see  dogfish 

grayling,  Arctic 12 

Montana — see  grayling,  Arctic 

graylings 11 

graysby 25 

greenfish — see  opaleye 

greenling,    Alaska— see    greenling,    masked 
common — see  greenling,  whitespotted 
fringed — see  greenling,  rock 

kelp 38 

longspine — see  combfish,  longspine 

masked 38 

painted 38 

red-see  greenling,  rock 

rock 38 

whitespotted 38 

greenlings 38 

grenadiers 22 

grindle — see  bowfin 

grouper,  black 25 

broomtail 25 

gulf 25 

marbled 25 

misty 25 

Nassau 25 

red 25 

rock — see  bocaccio 
salmon — see  bocaccio 
sicklefin — see  grouper,  marbled 

snowy 25 

tiger 25 

Warsaw 25 

yellowedge 25 

yellowfin 25 

yellowmouth 25 

grubby 40 

grunion,  California 46 

grunt,  barred 30 

black 30 

blacktail — see  grunt,  Caesar 

bluestriped 31 

burro 31 

Caesar 30 

common — see  grunt,  white 

French 31 

redmouth-see  tomtate 

smallmouth 30 

Spanish 31 

white 31 

yellow  —  see  grunt,   bluestriped ;   grunt, 
gruntfish — see  sculpin,  grunt 

grunts 30 

guaguanche 46 

guitarfish,  Atlantic 8 

banded 8 

California — see  guitarfish,  shovelnose 
mottled — see  guitarfish,  banded 

shovelnose 8 

guitarfishes 8 

gunnel,  banded 43 

Bering 43 

crescent 43 

kelp.. 43 

penpoint 43 

red 43 

rock 43 

rockweed 43 

saddleback 43 

stippled 43 

gunnels 43 

gurnard,  flying 41 

gurnards,  flying 41 


hackleback — see  sturgeon,  shovelnose 

haddock 22 

hagfish,  Atlantic 6 

black 6 

Pacific 6 

hagfishes 6 

hake,  Carolina 22 

gulf 22 

longfin 22 

mud — see  hake,  white 

Pacific 22 

silver 22 

southern 22 

spotted 22 

squirrel 22 

white 22 

hakes 22 

halfbeak 20 

California 20 

flying 20 

hardhead 20 

longfin 20 

ribbon 20 

half  beaks 20 



halfmoon 32 

halfmoons 32 

halibut,  arrowtooth — see  flounder,  arrow- 

Atlantic 47 

California 47 

Greenland 47 

northern — see  halibut,  Pacific 

Pacific 47 

hamlet,  butter 25 

mutton 25 

see  also  grouper,  marbled;  grouper, 

hammerhead,  great 7 

scalloped 7 

smooth 8 

handsawfish — see  lancetfish.  Pacific 

hardhead 14 

see  also  croaker,  Atlantic 

hardtail — see  runner,  blue 

harvestfish,  northern 45 

southern 45 

headfish— see  sunfish,  ocean;  mola,  sharp- 

herring — see  also  queenfish 

Atlantic 10 

Atlantic  round 10 

Atlantic  thread 10 

bigeye — see  ladyfish 

blueback 10 

branch — see  alewife 

California  round 10 

dwarf 10 

flatiron 10 

glut — see  herring,  blueback 
Japanese — see  herring,  round 

lake 11 

see  also  cisco,  least 
moon — see  mooneye 

Pacific 10 

Pacific  thread 10 

sea — see  herring,  Atlantic 

skipjack 10 

summer — see  herring,  blueback 

herrings 10 

highbrow — see  prowfish 

hind,  brown — see  graysby 

red 25 

rock 25 

speckled 25 

hitch 14 

hogchoker 47 

hogfish 34 

see  also  pigfish 

red 33 

Spanish 33 

spotfin 33 

hogmoUy — see  sucker,  hog 

hornpout — see  bullhead 
horse-mackerel — see  mackerel,  jack 
houndfish 20 

idiot — see  rockfish,  channel 


jack,  almaco 30 

bar 29 

black 29 

bluntnose 30 

common — see  jack,  crevalle 

cottonmouth 30 

crevalle 29 

green 29 

horse-eye 29 

Spanish — see  runner,  rainbow 

yellow 29 

jackfish— see  pike,  northern 

jackknife-fish 31 

jack-ma-riddle — see  ladyfish 

jacks 29 

jacksmelt 46 

jambeau 48 

jawfish,  banded 41 

dusky 42 

longtail 41 

mottled 41 

Pensacola 42 

spotfin 41 

swordtail 41 

yellowhead 41 

jawiishes 41 

jawless  fishes 6 

jenny,  silver 30 

jewfish 25 

see  also  sea  bass,  giant 
black — see  grouper,  Warsaw 
spotted — see  jewfish 
Joe  Brown — see  lizardfish 

John  Dory,  American 24 

Johnny,  tidepool — see  sculpin,  tidepool 

jugfish 49 

jumprock,  bigeye 17 

black 18 

greater 18 

striped 18 


kelpfish— see  also  greenling,  kelp 

crevice 42 

giant 42 

island 42 

scarlet 42 

spotted 42 

striped 42 



killifish,  Ash  Meadows 


bass — see  killifish,  striped 




common — see  mummichog 







Pacific — see  killifish,  California 




Railroad  Valley 


Rio  Grande 






White  River 


king,  silver — see  louvar;  tarpon 
kingfish — see  also  croaker,  white;  mack- 
erel, king 





king-whiting — see  kingfish 
kiver — see  pumpkinseed 



see  also  salmon,  sockeye 



Lafayette — see  spot 

lamprey,  Allegheny  brook 

American  brook 



least  brook 

mountain  brook 

northern  brook 






southern  brook 

threetoothed — see  lamprey.  Pacific 

western  brook 

21     lampreys 6 

21     lance,  American  sand 41 

northern  sand 41 

21  Pacific  sand 41 

22  lances,  sand 41 

21      lancetfish,  longnose 13 

Pacific 13 

21     lancetfishes 13 

21     lanternfishes 13 

21  launce — see  lance,  sand 

22  lawyer — see  burbot 

21      leatherfish — see  filefish 

21     leatherjacket 30 

lemonfish — see  cobia 
21      ling — see  burbot;  hake 

21  lingcod 38 

22  lionfish 36 

21  liparid,  continuous-finned — see  snailfish, 

22  showy 

21         Juan  de  Fuca — see  snailfish,  slipskin 
21  prickly — see  snailfish,  prickly 

21  ring-tailed — see  snailfish,  ringtail 

21  shore — see  snailfish,  tidepool 

21         tadpole — see  snailfish,  tadpole 

21     livebearers 22 

21     liza 46 

21     lizardfish,  California 13 

inshore 13 

largescale 13 

offshore 13 

31         red 13 

31         shortjaw 13 

31         smallscale 13 

24     lizardfishes 13 

loaches 18 

loche — see  burbot 

1 1     logperch 29 

1 1     logperch,  Roanoke 29 

lookdown 30 

lord,  brown  Irish 39 

red  Irish 39 

10         yellow  Irish — see  lord,  brown  Irish 

louvar 35 

6     louvars 35 

6     lumpfish 41 

6     lumpfishes 41 

6     lumpsucker — see  also  lumpfish 

6         Arctic 41 

6         Atlantic  spiny 41 

6         leatherfin 41 

6         Newfoundland  spiny 41 

6         Pacific  spiny 41 

6         smooth 41 

t  M 

6     machete 10 

mackerel,    American  —  see    mackerel, 
6  Pacific 



mackerel,  Atka 38 

Atlantic 35 

blue — see  mackerel,  Pacific 
bull's  eye — see  mackerel,  chub 

chub 35 

Florida — see  cero 

frigate 34 

green — see  mackerel.  Pacific 

horse — see  mackerel,  jack;  tuna,  bluefin 

jack 30 

king 35 

see  also  cero 

Monterey  Spanish 35 

Pacific 35 

painted — see  cero 

snake 34 

snap — see  bluefish 

Spanish 35 

see  also  mackerel,  jack 
thimble-eye — see  mackerel,  chub 
striped — see  mackerel.  Pacific 

mackerels 34 

snake 34 

mackinaw — see  trout,  lake 

mademoiselle — see  perch,  silver 

madtom,  black 18 

brindled 19 

Carolina 18 

freckled 19 

least 19 

margined 19 

mountain 18 

orangefin 18 

slender 18 

speckled 19 

tadpole 18 

major,  sergeant 33 

mako 7 

maneater — see  shark,  white 

man-of-war  fish 45 

manta,  Atlantic 9 

Pacific 9 

mantas 9 

margate 30 

black 30 

maria — see  burbot 

marlin,  barred — see  marlin,  striped 

black 35 

blue 35 

striped 35 

white 35 

marlin-spike 22 

marlinsucker 48 

maskinonge 12 

mayfish — see  killifish,  striped 

medusafish 45 

menhaden,  Atlantic 10 

finescale 10 

gulf — see  menhaden,  largescale 

largescale 10 

midshipman,  Atlantic 49 

northern 49 

slim 49 

miller's  thumb — see  sculpin,  mottled 

minkfish 31 

minnow,  bluntnose 16 

brassy 14 

bullhead 16 

cutfips 13 

cypress 14 

desert — see  pupfish,  desert 

Devils  River 13 

fathead 16 

Kanawha 16 

Lake  Eustis 21 

loach 17 

Ozark 13 

pugnose 16 

redfin — see  shiner,  redfin 

riffle 16 

roundnose 13 

sheepshead 21 

silverjaw 13 

silvery 14 

slim 16 

spottail — see  shiner,  spottail 

stargazing 16 

suckermouth 16 

tallowmouth — see  stoneroUer 

tonguetied 16 

variegated — see  minnow,  sheepshead 

minnows 13 

mobula,  smoothtail 9 

spinetail 9 

mojarra,  bigeye 30 

flagfin 30 

mottled 30 

slender 30 

spotfin 30 

striped 30 

yellowfin 30 

mojarras 30 

mola — see  also  sunfish,  ocean 

sharptail 49 

slender 49 

molas 49 

molly,  Amazon 22 

sailfin 22 

Molly  Miller 43 

monkfish — see  goosefish 

mooneye 12 

mooneyes 12 

moonfish — see  also  opah 

Atlantic 30 

Pacific 30 

moray,  blackedge 19 



moray,  California 19 

chain 19 

goldentail 19 

green 19 

purplemouth 19 

pygmy 19 

reticulate 19 

speckled — see  moray,  spotted 

spotted 19 

viper 19 

morays 19 

mosquitofish 22 

mossbunker — see  menhaden,  Atlantic 
mousefish — see  sargassumfish 
muddler— see  sculpin 
mudfish — see  bo\vfin;  mummichog;  killi- 
fish,  striped;  molly,  sailfin 

mudminnow,  central 12 

eastern 12 

Olympic 12 

mudminnows 12 

mudsucker,  longjaw 36 

mullet,  black 46 

blueback — see  liza 

common — see  mullet,  striped 

fantail 46 

grey — see  mullet,  striped 
king — see  goatfish,  yellow 

mountain 46 

redeye 46 

silver — see  mullet,  white 

striped 46 

white 46 

mullets    46 

mummichog 21 

muskellunge 12 

muttonfish — see  pout,  ocean 


needlefish,  Atlantic 20 

California 20 

flat 20 

Pacific — see  needlefish,  California 

redfin 20 

needlefishes 20 

nibblers 32 

niggerfish — see  coney 

night  sergeant 33 

numbfish — see  ray,  lesser  Atlantic 


oarfish 24 

oarfishes 24 

oilfish 34 

opah 23 

opahs 23 

opaleye 32 

ouananiche 11 

oysterfish — see  toadfish,  oyster 


paddlefish 9 

paddlefishes 9 

palometa 30 

parrotfish,  blue 34 

bluelip 34 

bucktooth 34 

red — see  parrotfish,  stoplight 

emerald 34 

green — see  parrotfish,  stoplight 

purple 34 

queen 34 

rainbow 34 

redband 34 

redfin 34 

redtail 34 

spotfin 34 

stoplight 34 

striped 34 

parrotfishes 34 

peamouth 14 

pearleye,  northern 13 

pearleyes 13 

pearlfish 45 

pearlfishes 45 

perch — see  also  seaperch ;  surfperch 
bay — see  perch,  black 

black 33 

see  also  blacksmith;  opaleye 
blue — see  blacksmith;  perch,  black 
blue-eye — see  opaleye 
button — see  opaleye 
Catalina — see  blacksmith;  opaleye 

dwarf 33 

dwarf  sand 25 

green — see  opaleye;  perch,  yellow 

kelp 33 

ocean 37 

Pacific  Ocean 37 

pile 33 

pirate 24 

reef 33 

Rio  Grande 33 

Sacramento 27 

sand 25 

shiner 33 

silver 31 

splittail — see  seaperch,  white 
stump — see  sunfish,  spotted 

tule 33 

viviparous — see  perch,  tule 

white 25 

see  also  perch,  silver;  drum,  freshwater 

yellow 29 

zebra 32 



perches 27 

perches,  pirate 24 

permit 30 

peto — see  wahoo 

pickerel — see  also  pike,  northern ;  walleye 
blue— see  pike,  blue 
bulldog — see  pickerel,  redfin 

chain 12 

eastern — see  pickerel,  chain 

grass 12 

mud — see  pickerel,  grass 

redfin 12 

yellow — see  walleye 

pigfish 31 

pike,  blue 29 

northern 12 

Oregon — see  squawfish,  northern 
Sacramento — see     squawfish,     Sacra- 
sand — see  sauger 

pikeblenny,  bluethroat 42 

orangethroat 42 

pikeperch,  blue — see  pike,  blue 

pikeperch,  yellow — see  walleye 

pikes 12 

pilchard — see  also  sardine.  Pacific 

false 10 

redear — see  sardine,  redear 

pilot,    cockeye — see    beaugregory;    ser- 
geant major 

pilotfish 30 

pinfish 32 

longspine — see  porgy,  longspine 

spottail 32 

pipefish,  banded 23 

barred 23 

bay 23 

bull 23 

chain 23 

crested 23 

dusky 23 

fringed 23 

gulf 23 

insular 23 

kelp 23 

northern 23 

opossum 23 

pugnose 23 

sargassum 23 

shortfin 23 

snubnose 23 

smvelhead 23 

whitenose 23 

pipefishes 23 

plaice,  Alaska 47 

American 47 

Canadian — see  plaice,  American 

poacher,  Atlantic 40 

beardless 40 

Bering 40 

bigeye 40 

blackfin 40 

blacktip 40 

bluespotted 41 

cutfin 41 

fourhorn 40 

longnose 40 

northern  spearnose 40 

pricklebreast 40 

pygmy 40 

saw^back 40 

southern  spearnose 40 

stripefin 41 

sturgeon 40 

tubenose 40 

warty 40 

poachers 40 

poggie — see  perch,  shiner 

pogy — see     surfperch,     redtail;     men- 
haden, Atlantic 

pollack — see  pollock 

pollock 22 

walleye 22 

pollyfish — see  parrotfish 

pomf ret 30 

bigscale 30 

pomf  rets 30 

pompano 30 

African 29 

California — see  pompano.  Pacific 
common — see  pompano 

gafftopsail 30 

see  also  palometa 
great — see  permit 

Irish 30 

Pacific 45 

paloma 30 

round — see  permit 

pompanos 29 

pompon — see  margate,  black 

porbeagle 7 

porcupinefish 49 

porcupinefishes 49 

porgies 32 

porgy— see  also  scup;  surfperch,  redtail 

grass 32 

jolthead 32 

littlehead 32 

littlemouth — see  porgy,  sheepshead 

longspine 32 

Pacific 32 

red 32 

saucereye 32 

shad — see  porgy,  grass 

sheepshead 32 

silver 32 



porgy,  whitebone 32 

porkfish 30 

pout,  ocean 44 

prickleback,  black 44 

bluebarred 44 

crisscross 44 

mosshead 44 

ribbon 44 

pricklebacks 44 

priestfish — see  rockfish,  blue 

prowfish 45 

prow'fishes 45 

puddingwife 34 

puffer,  bandtail 49 

buUseye 49 

checkered 49 

marbled 49 

northern 49 

oceanic 49 

sharpnose 49 

smooth 49 

southern 49 

puffers 49 

pug — see  parrotfish,  rainbow 

pumpkinseed 27 

pupfish,  Comanche  Springs 21 

desert 21 

Devils  Hole 21 

Leon  Springs 21 

Nevada 21 

Owens  River 21 

Red  River 21 

Salt  Creek 21 

sea — see  minnow,  sheepshead 


queenfish 31 

quillback 17 

quillfish 44 

quillfishes 44 


rabbitfish — see  puffer,  smooth;  burrfish 
rabirubia— see  snapper,  yellowtail 

ragfish 45 

ragfishes 45 

rasher — see  rockfish,  vermilion 

ratfish 9 

rat-tails 22 

raven,  sea 39 

ray,  bat — see  stingray,  bat 

buUnose 9 

California  butterfly 9 

cownose 9 

devil 9 

see  also  manta,  Atlantic 

giant       butterfly — see      ray,      spiny 

lesser     butterfly — see     ray,     smooth 

lesser  electric 8 

Pacific  electric 8 

round  sting — see  stingray,  yellow 

smooth  butterfly 9 

southern  eagle 9 

spiny  butterfly 9 

spotted  eagle 9 

whip — see  ray,  buUnose 

rays,  eagle 9 

electric 8 

razorfish,  green 34 


-see  redhorse,  northern 



redeye — see  bass,  rock 

redfish 37 

see    also    drum,     red;    sheephead, 

little — see  salmon,  sockeye 
redhorse,  black 

blacktail .... 

Carolina .... 



golden . 



Lahontan .  .  . 


northern .... 


shorthead .  .  . 





reef-fish,  gray 33 

yellowliail 33 

remora 48 

spearfish 48 

remoras 48 

ribbonfish — see      cutlassfish,      Atlantic ; 

California — see  king-of-the-salmon 

polka-dot 24 

scalloped 24 

ribbonfishes 24 

rig,  sloop— see  catfish,  gafftopsail 
rivercarp,     bluntnose — see     carpsucker, 

rivulus 22 

roach — see  also  chub ;  bluegill 

California 14 

robin,  flying — see  gurnard,  flying 
rock-eel — see  blenny,  rock 



rockfish — see  also  bass,  striped 
Alaskan     red — see     rockfish,     black- 

aurora 37 

banded — see  rockfish,  tiger 
bigeye — see  rockfish,  sharpchin 

black 37 

see   also   grouper,    black;   rockfish, 

black-and-yellow 37 

blackbanded — see  rockfish,  tiger 

blackgill 37 

blackmouth 37 

blackthroat 37 

blue 37 

bronzespotted 37 

brown 37 

see  also  rockfish,  calico 

calico 37 

canary 37 

China 37 

copper 37 

coral-red 37 

cow 37 

dusky 37 

fantail — see  rockfish,  canary 

flag 37 

gopher 37 

grass 37 

greenspotted 37 

greenstriped 37 

half  banded 38 

honeycomb 38 

kelp 37 

lobejaw — see  rockfish,  splitnose 
longjaw — see  perch,  Pacific  Ocean 

longspine  channel 38 

northern 37 

olive 38 

oliveback^see  rockfish,  stripetail 
orange — see  rockfish,  canary 
orange-red — see  rockfish,  rosethorn 
orangespotted — see     rockfish,     quill- 

pink 37 

Puget  Sound 37 

pygmy 38 

quillback 37 

rasphead 37 

redstripe 37 

rosethorn 37 

rosy 37 

sharpchin 38 

shortbelly 37 

shortspine  channel 38 

silvergray 37 

slender — see  rockfish,  pygmy 

speckled 37 

see  also  rockfish,  quillback 
spinycheeked — see  rockfish,  shortspine 

splitnose 37 

squarespot 37 

starry 37 

stripetail 37 

swordspine 37 

tiger 37 

turkey  red — see  rockfish,  rasphead 
velvet — see  gag 

vermilion 37 

whitebelly 38 

widow 37 

yellowbacked — see  rockfish,  copper 
yellowstripe — see  rockfish,  China 

yellowtail 37 

rockfishes 36 

rockhead 40 

rockling,  fourbeard 22 

roller,  sand 24 

ronco — see  sailors  choice 

ronquil,  Alaskan 42 

northern 42 

rough 42 

smooth 42 

ronquils 42 

roosterfish 30 

rooter — see  buffalo,  black 
rosefish — see  also  redfish 

blackbelly 36 

rudd 17 

rudderfish — see  also  chub,  Bermuda 

banded 30 

black — see  barrelfish 
brown — see  medusafish 

ruff,  black 45 

run,  tailor — see  bluefish 

runner,  blue 29 

hardtail — see  runner,  blue 

rainbow 30 


sablefish 38 

sablefishes 38 

sailfish,  Atlantic 35 

Florida — see  sailfish,  Atlantic 

Pacific 35 

sailorfish — see  sculpin,  sailfin 

sailors  choice 31 

see  also  pinfish 

salema 31 

see  also  pinfish,  spottail 

salmon,  Atlantic 11 

black — see  cobia 

blueback — see  salmon,  sockeye 

Chinook 11 

chum 11 



salmon,  coho 11 

dog — see  salmon,  chum 
fall — see  salmon,  chum 
humpback — see  salmon,  pink 
jack — see  walleye 
king — see  salmon,  chinook 

lake  Atlantic 11 

landlocked 11 

see  also  salmon,  Atlantic 
medium  red — see  salmon,  coho 

pink 11 

quinnat— see  salmon,  chinook 
red — see  salmon,  sockeye 

Sebago 11 

see  also  salmon,  Atlantic 
silver — see  salmon,  coho 

sockeye 11 

spring — see  salmon,  chinook 
tyee — see  salmon,  chinook 

sanddab,  longfin 46 

mottled — see  sanddab.  Pacific 

Pacific 46 

speckled 46 

sandfish — see  also  tilefish,  sand 

belted 26 

Pacific 41 

sailfin 41 

sandfishes 41 

sand  lance — see  lance 

sardine,  California — see  sardine,  Pacific 

Pacific " 10 

redear 10 

scaled 10 

Spanish 10 

sargassumfish 50 

sargo 30 

sauger 29 

saurel — see  mackerel,  jack 

sauries 20 

saury,  Atlantic 20 

Pacific 20 

sawfish,  largetooth 8 

smalltooth 8 

sawfishes 8 

scabbardfish 34 

scad,  bigeye 30 

goggle-eye — see  scad,  bigeye 

mackerel 29 

Mexican 29 

rough 30 

round 29 

scads 29 

scamp 25 

schoolmaster 26 

scooter — see  barracuda.  Pacific 

scorpionfish,  California 37 

finescale 37 

goosehead 36 

highfin 36 

hunchback 36 

longfin 36 

longsnout 36 

mushroom 37 

red 36 

reef 37 

scalyhead 36 

smoothhead 36 

spinycheek 36 

spotted 37 

scorpionfishes 36 

Scotchman — see  lingcod 
scrod — see  cod,  Atlantic;  haddock 
sculpin^ — see  also  scorpionfish,  California 
Aleutian — see  sculpin,  coastrange 

Arctic 40 

Arctic  staghorn 39 

bald 39 

banded 39 

blackfin 40 

bonehead 39 

buffalo 39 

bull 39 

calico 39 

California — see      scorpionfish,      Cali- 
cirrated — see  sculpin,  fluffy 

coastrange 39 

Columbia 39 

coraUine 38 

crested 39 

daddy — see  sculpin,  shorthorn 

darter 40 

see  also  sculpin,  slim 
deepwater — see  sculpin,  fourhorn 

dusky 39 

eagle 39 

filamented — see  sculpin,  threadfin 

fluffy 40 

fourhorn 40 

fringed 39 

frogmouth 39 

giant  marbled — see  cabezon 
globe-headed — see  sculpin,  mosshead 

great 40 

grunt 40 

hookear 38 

Klamath  Lake 39 

lavender 40 

lesser  filamented — see  sculpin,  spotfin 

longfin 39 

longhorn 40 

long-rayed — see  sculpin,  threadfin 

mailed 40 

Malheur 39 

manacled 40 

marbled 39 



sculpin,  marbled — see  also  cabezon 

margined , 39 

mosshead 39 

mossy — see  sculpin,  calico 

mottled 39 

northern 39 

Pacific  staghorn 40 

padded 39 

see  also  sculpin,  bonehead 

pit-head 39 

Piute 39 

plumose — see  sculpin,  scalyhead 

prickly 39 

Puget  Sound 40 

reticulate 39 

ribbed 40 

riffle 39 

rosy 40 

rosyUp 39 

rough 39 

roughback 39 

roughcheek 39 

roughspine 40 

round-headed — see  sculpin,  mosshead 
roundnose — see  sculpin,  smoothhead 

saddleback 40 

sailfin 40 

scalyhead 39 

sharpnose 39 

shorthorn 40 

Shoshone 39 

silverspotted 39 

slender 39 

slim 40 

shmy 39 

smooth — see  sculpin,  Pacific  staghorn 

smoothgum 40 

smoothhead 39 

snubnose 40 

soft 39 

spatulate 39 

spinyhead 39 

spinynose 39 

spoonhead 39 

spotfin 39 

spurcheek 39 

tadpole 40 

thornback 40 

threadfin 39 

tidepool 40 

torrent 39 

twohorn 39 

Wood  River 39 

wooly 39 

see  also  sculpin,  spinyhead 

yellowchin 39 

sculpins 38 

scup 32 

seabass,  black — see  bass,  giant  sea 
white 31 

seahorse,  dwarf 23 

offshore 23 

northern — see  seahorse,  spotted 

Pacific 23 

spotted 23 

seahorses 23 

sea  mink — see  minkfish 

seaperch,  barred — see  surf  perch,  barred 
black— see  perch,  black 
blue — see  seaperch,  striped 
brown — see  perch,  kelp 
dusky — see  perch,  pile 
forktail— see  perch,  pile 

island 33 

pink 33 

rainbow 33 

rubberlip 33 

sharpnose 33 

shiner — see  perch,  shiner 
silver — see  perch,  pile 

striped 33 

walleye — see  surfperch,  walleye 

white 33 

yellowfin — see  perch,  pile 

sea-poacher,   deep-pitted — see  rockhead 
window-tailed — see  poacher,  northern 

searcher 42 

searobin,  armored 38 

bandtail 38 

barred 38 

bighead 38 

blackfin 38 

blackwing 38 

bluespotted 38 

common — see  searobin,  northern 

horned 38 

leopard 38 

lumptail 38 

Mexican 38 

northern 38 

redwing — see  searobin,  striped 

shortfin 38 

shortwing 38 

sicklefin 38 

slenderhead 38 

spiny 38 

streamer 38 

striped 38 

searobins 38 

seasnail 41 

gelatinous 41 

Greenland 41 

striped 41 

seatrout,  bastard — see  seatrout,  silver 
gray — see  weakfish 



seatrout,  greeiiling — see  greenling,  kelp 

sand 31 

silver 31 

spotted 31 

white — see  seatrout,  sand 

sennet,  northern 45 

southern 46 

senorita 34 

sergeant  major 33 

sergeant,  night 33 

rock — see  sergeant,  night 

sergeantfish — see  cobia 

seven-eleven — see  perch,  shiner 

shad,  Alabama 10 

American 10 

gizzard 10 

golden — see  herring,  skipjack 

hickory    10 

see  also  shad,  gizzard 

Ohio 10 

threadfin 10 

white — see  shad,  American 

yellowfin 10 

shanny 44 

Arctic 44 

radiated 44 

shark,  Atlantic  angel 8 

Atlantic  sharpnose 7 

basking 7 

bay 7 

bignose 7 

blackfin — see  shark,  blacktip 

blacknose 7 

blacktip 7 

blue 7 

see  also  shark,  bonito 

bonito 7 

bonnetnose — see  bonnethead 

bramble 8 

brown — see  shark,  sandbar 

brown  cat 7 

bull 7 

bullhead — see  shark,  horn 

cat — see  shark,  leopard;  shark,  nurse 

cow — see  shark,  sixgill 

cub — see  shark,  bull 

dusky 7 

false  cat 7 

filetail  cat 7 

finetooth 7 

fox-see  shark,  thresher 

frm 6 

great  blue — see  shark,  blue 
great  white — see  shark,  white 

Greenland 8 

hammerhead — see  hammerhead 

horn 6 

kitefin 8 

lemon 7 

leopard 7 

see  also  shark,  tiger 
mackerel — see  mako;  shark,  salmon 
maneater — see  shark,  white 
mud— see  shark,  sixgill 

narrowtooth 7 

night 7 

nurse 7 

see  also  shark,  Greenland 

Pacific  angel 8 

Pacific  sharpnose 7 

Pacific  sleeper 8 

pilot — see  rudderfish,  banded 
rabbit — see  raffish 
ridgeback — see  shark,  sickle 

roundnose 7 

salmon 7 

sand 6 

sandbar 7 

sevengill 6 

shovelnose — see    bonnethead ;   guitar- 
fish,  shovelnose 

sickle 7 

silky 7 

sixgill 6 

sleeper — see  shark,  Greenland 

smalltail 7 

smooth-tooth — see  shark,  finetooth 

soupfin 7 

spinner 7 

spotfin — see  shark,  blacktip 
spotted  cow — see  shark,  sevengill 

swell 7 

swiveltail — see  shark,  thresher 

thresher 6 

tiger 7 

whale 7 

white 7 

whitetip 7 

sharks,  angel 8 

cat 7 

cow 6 

dogfish 8 

frill 6 

hammerhead 7 

horn 6 

mackerel 6 

nurse 7 

requiem 7 

sand 6 

whale 7 

sharksucker 48 

whitefin 48 

sheefish — see  inconnu 

sheephead,  California 34 

sheepshead 32 

shellcracker — see  sunfish,  redear 



shellfish— see  trunkfish 

shiner,  Alabama 15 

Altamaha 16 

Arkansas  River 15 

bandfin 16 

bigeye 15 

bigmouth 15 

blackchin 15 

blacknose 15 

blackspot 15 

blacktail 16 

bleeding 16 

blue 15 

bluenose 16 

bluestripe 15 

bluntface 15 

bluntnose 16 

Brazos 15 

bridle 15 

broadstripe 15 

burrhead 14 

cherryfin 16 

Chihuahua 15 

chub 16 

coastal 16 

colorless 15 

comely 14 

common 15 

Coosa 16 

crescent 15 

dusky 15 

emerald 14 

fieryblack 16 

flagfin 16 

ghost 15 

golden 14 

greenfin 15 

greenhead 15 

highfin 14 

highscale 15 

ironcolor 15 

Kiamichi 15 

lake — see  shiner,  emerald 

longnose 15 

mimic 16 

mirror 16 

mountain 15 

New  River 16 

Ocmulgee 15 

Ohoopee 15 

Ozark 15 

pallid 14 

pinewoods 15 

plains 15 

plateau 15 

popeye 14 

pretty 15 

Proserpine 16 

pugnose 14 

rainbow 15 

red 15 

redfin 16 

redlip 15 

Red  River 15 

redside 17 

ribbon 15 

Rio  Grande 15 

river 15 

rosefin 14 

rosyface 16 

rough 15 

Sabine 16 

saffron 16 

sailfin 15 

sand 16 

sandbar 16 

satinfin 14 

sharpnose 15 

silver 16 

silverband 15 

silverstripe 16 

smalleye 15 

spotfin 16 

spottail 15 

stargazing 16 

steelcolor 16 

swallowtail 16 

taillight 15 

Tamaulipas 15 

Tennessee 15 

Texas 14 

Topeka 16 

tricolor 16 

warpaint 15 

wedgespot 15 

weed 16 

white 14 

whitefin 15 

whitemouth 14 

whitetail 15 

yellow — see  perch,  shiner 

yellowfin 15 

silverfish — see  tarpon 

silver-rag 45 

silverside,  Atlantic 46 

brook 46 

hardhead 46 

key 46 

Mississippi 46 

reef 46 

rough 46 

tidewater 46 

Waccamaw 46 

silversides 46 

silverspot — see  sculpin,  silverspotted 
singingfish — see  midshipman 



skate,  Alaska 8 

Aleutian 8 

barndoor 8 

Bering 8 

big 8 

black 8 

briar — see  skate,  clearnose 

California 8 

clearnose 8 

common— see  skate,  little 

flathead 8 

freckled 8 

little 8 

longnose 8 

ocellate 8 

Pacific  prickly — see  skate,  starry 
prickly — see     skate,     starry;     skate, 

rosette 8 

roughtail 9 

roundel 9 

sandpaper — see  skate,  black 

smooth 8 

spinytail 9 

spotted— see  skate,  winter 

spreadfin 8 

starry 9 

thorny 8 

winter 8 

skates 8 

skilfish 38 

skilletfish 48 

skipjack — see  also  herring,  skipjack; 
tuna,  skipjack;  saury,  Atlantic; 
silverside,  brook;  bluefish 

black 34 

wavyback 34 

skipper — see  saury,  Pacific 

sleeper,  bigmouth 35 

blue 35 

emerald 35 

fat 35 

masked 35 

spinycheek 35 

spotted 35 

sleepers 35 

smelt,  American 12 

Arctic 12 

freshwater — see  smelt,  pond 

longfin 12 

night 12 

pond 12 

Sacramento 12 

silver — see  smelt,  surf 

surf 12 

whitebait 12 

smelts 12 

deepsea 12 

smoothhound,  brown 7 

Florida 7 

gray 7 

sicklefin 7 

smoothtongue,  Cahfornia 12 

snailfish,  Bering 41 

lobefin 41 

longfin 41 

marbled 41 

polka-dot 41 

prickly 41 

ribbon 41 

ringtail 41 

showy 41 

slimy. 41 

slipskin 41 

spotted 41 

tadpole 41 

tidepool 41 

snailfishes 41 

snakeblenny,  fourline 44 

Pacific 44 

snakefish 13 

snapper — see  also  bluefish 

black 26 

blackfin 26 

blue — see  bluefish 

Caribbean  red 26 

Cuban — see  snapper,  cubera 

cubera 26 

dog 26 

glasseye 26 

gray 26 

gunmouth— see  snapper,  blackfin 
hog — see  hogfish 

lane 26 

mahogany 26 

mangrove — see  snapper,  gray 

mutton 26 

queen 26 

red 26 

see  also  rockfish,  rasphead 

silk 26 

spot — see  snapper,  lane 

vermilion 26 

yellowtail 26 

snappers 26 

snipefish,  longspine 23 

slender 23 

snipefishes 23 

snook 25 

Cuban — see  snook,  tarpon 

little 24 

swordspine 24 

tarpon 25 

snooks 24 

soapfish 25 

freckled 26 



soapfish,  spotted 26 

soldierfish,  bigeye 24 

blackbar 24 

cardinal 24 

soldierfishes 24 

sole,  American — see  hogchoker 

arrow'tooth— see  flounder,  arrowtooth 
Bellingham — see  sole,  butter 

bigmouth 47 

broadfin — see  sole,  rock 

butter 47 

C-0 47 

curlfin 47 

deepsea 47 

Dover 47 

English 47 

see  also  sole,  petrale 

f antail 47 

flathead 47 

fringe — see  sole,  sand 

gray — see  flounder,  winter;  flounder, 

lemon — see    flounder,     winter;     sole, 

lined 47 

naked 47 

petrale 47 

pointednose — see  sole,  English 

rex 47 

rock 47 

rough — see    plaice,    American;    sole, 

roundnose — see  sole,  petrale 

sand 47 

scalyfin — see  sole,  butter 

scrawled 47 

slender 47 

slippery — see  sole,  Dover 

yellowfin 47 

soles 47 

sourbelly — see  saury,  Pacific 
sourfish — see  saury,  Pacific 

spadefish,  Atlantic 32 

Pacific 32 

spadefishes 32 

spearfish,  longbill 35 

shortbill 35 

spikedace 14 

spikefishes 48 

spinedace,  Little  Colorado 14 

splittail 16 

spoonbill — see  paddlefish 

spot 31 

sciuaretail,  bigeye 45 

smalleye 45 

squaretails 45 

squawfish,  Colorado 16 

Columbia — see  squawfish,  northern 

common — see  squawfish,  northern 

northern 16 

Oregon — see  squawfish,  northern 

Sacramento 16 

Umpqua 16 

squeteague,  gray — see  weakfish 
sand — see  seatrout,  sand 
silver— see  seatrout,  silver 
spotted — see  seatrout,  spotted 

squirrelfish 24 

deep  water 24 

dusky 24 

longjaw 24 

longspine 24 

reef 24 

squirrelfishes 24 

stargazer,  arrow 42 

freckled 42 

lancer 42 

northern 42 

saddle 42 

sand 42 

smooth 42 

southern 42 

stargazers 42 

sand 42 

starsnout,  gray 40 

spinycheek 40 

stickleback,  brook 23 

common — see  stickleback,  threespine 

f ourspine 23 

ninespine 23 

threespine 23 

twospine 23 

sticklebacks 23 

stingaree — see  stingray 

stingray,  Atlantic 9 

bat 9 

bluntnose 9 

diamond 9 

pelagic 9 

roughtail 9 

round 9 

southern 9 

yellow 9 

stingrays 9 

stonecat 18 

stoneroller 13 

see  also  sucker,  hog 

Mexican 13 

streaker — see  bass,  yellow 

studfish,  northern 21 

southern 21 

stumpknocker— see  sunfish,  spotted 

sturgeon,  Atlantic 9 

common — see  sturgeon,  Atlantic 

green 9 

lake 9 



sturgeon,  Pacific — see  sturgeon,  white 

pallid 9 

river — see  sturgeon,  shovelnose 

shortnose 9 

shovelnose 9 

white 9 

sturgeons 9 

sucker,  Alabama  hog 17 

black — see  sucker,  northern  hog 

blackfin 17 

blue 17 

bluehead 18 

bridgelip 17 

coarsescale — see  sucker,  largescale 
Columbia        finescale — see        sucker, 

Columbia  largescale — see  sucker,  large- 
Columbia      smallscale — see      sucker, 

common — see  sucker,  white 
finescale — see  sucker,  longnose 

flannelmouth 17 

Gila 18 

green 18 

harelip 17 

highfin — see  carpsucker,  highfin 

humpback 18 

•Aine 17 

Klamath  largescale 17 

Klamath  smallscale 17 

Lahontan 18 

largescale 17 

longnose 17 

Lost  River 17 

Missouri — see  sucker,  blue 

Modoc 17 

mountain 18 

northern — see  sucker,  longnose 

northern  hog 17 

razorback — see  sucker,  humpback 

Rio  Grande 18 

river — see  redhorse,  northern 

Roanoke  hog 17 

rustyside 18 

Sacramento 17 

Santa  Ana 18 

shortnose 17 

Sonora 17 

spearfish — see  marlinsucker 

spotted 17 

sturgeon — see  sucker,  longnose 
sweet — see  chubsucker 

Tahoe 17 

torrent 18 

Utah 17 

Warner 17 

webug 17 

western — see  sucker,  Sacramento 

white 17 

White  River is 

suckerfish — see  also  remora 

slender 43 

white 48 

suckers 17 

sunfish,  banded 27 

banded  pygmy 27 

bantam 27 

blackbanded 27 

bluespotted 27 

common — see  pumpkinseed 

dollar 27 

Everglades  pygmy 27 

green 27 

longear 27 

mud 27 

ocean 49 

Okefenokee  pygmy 27 

orangespotted 27 

peacock — see  flier 

red — see  sunfish,  spotted 

redbreast 27 

redear 27 

round — see  flier 

sharptail  ocean — see  mola,  sharptail 

spotted 27 

yellowbelly — see  sunfish,  redbreast 

sunfishes 27 

surffish — see  corbina,  California;  croaker, 

surfperch,  barred 33 

calico 33 

redtail 33 

silver 33 

spotfin 33 

walleye 33 

surfperches 33 

surgeon,  ocean 34 

surgeonfish,  gulf 34 

surgeonfishes 34 

swampfish 22 

sweeper,  glassy 32 

sweepers 32 

swellfish — see  puffer 
swiveltail — see  shark,  thresher 

swordfish 35 

broadbill — see  swordfish 
swordfishes 35 


tai — see  porgy,  Pacific 
tambor — see  rockfish,  rasphead 

tang,  blue 34 

ocean — see  surgeon,  ocean 

tarpon 10 

tarpons 10 



tattler 25 

tautog 34 

taylor — see  bluefish 

tench 17 

tenpounder — see  ladyfish;  machete 

tetra,  Mexican 13 

tetras 13 

thornback 8 

thornhead — see  rockfish,  channel 

threadfin,  Atlantic 46 

Pacific 46 

yellow 46 

threadfins 46 

threadfish — see  pompano,  African 

thresher,  bigeye 6 

tiger,  sand — see  shark,  sand 

tilefish 29 

blackline 29 

sand 29 

tilefishes 29 

timucu 20 

toadfish,  gulf 49 

leopard 49 

oyster 49 

toadfishes 49 

tobacco  box — see  skate,  little 
togue — see  trout,  lake 
tolly,  ocean — see  durgon,  black 
tomcod — see  also  hake,  southern 

Atlantic 22 

Pacific 22 

tomtate 30 

tonguefish,  blackcheek 48 

California 48 

deepwater 48 

largescale 48 

longtail 48 

northern 48 

offshore 48 

pygmy 48 

spottail 48 

spottedfin 48 

tonguefishes 48 

topminnow — see  also  mosquitofish 

banded 21 

blackspotted 21 

blackstripe 21 

Gila 22 

golden 21 

plains 21 

saltmarsh 21 

starhead 21 

whiteline 21 

topsmelt 46 

torpedo,  Atlantic 8 

Pacific — see  ray,  Pacific  electric 

treefish 38 

triggerfish,  common — see  triggerfish,  gray 

finescale 48 

gray 48 

ocean 48 

queen 48 

redtail 49 

rough 48 

sargassum 49 

spotted 48 

triggerfishes 48 

tripletail 26 

tripletails 26 

trout,  bastard — see  seatrout,  silver 
blackspotted — see  trout,  cutthroat 

blueback 12 

brook 12 

brown 12 

bull — see  Dolly  Varden 

cutthroat 11 

Eastern  brook — see  trout,  brook 

Gila 11 

golden 11 

grey — see  trout,  lake;  weakfish 
Kamloops — see  trout,  rainbow 

lake 12 

Mackinaw — see  trout,  lake 
mountain — see  trout,  cutthroat 

Quebec  red 12 

rainbow 11 

rock — see  greenling,  kelp 
sand— see  seatrout,  sand 
sea — see    also    greenling,    kelp;    sea- 
trout, spotted 
speckled — see  trout,  brook 

steelhead 11 

see  also  trout,  rainbow 
summer — see  weakfish 

Sunapee 12 

see  also  char,  Arctic 
white — see  char,  Arctic ;  seatrout,  sand 
winter — see  seatrout,  spotted 

trout-perch 24 

Columbia — see  sand  roller 

trout-perches 24 

trouts 11 

trumpetfish 23 

trumpetfishes 23 

trunkfish 49 

horned — see  cowfish 

smooth 49 

spiny 49 

spotted 49 

trunkfishes 49 

tube-eye 24 

tube-eyes 24 

tube-snout 23 

tube-snouts 23 



tuna,  Atlantic — see  tuna,  bluefin 

bigeye 35 

blackfin 35 

bluefin 35 

little 34 

skipjack 34 

striped — see  tuna,  skipjack 

yellowfin 35 

tunas 34 

turbot,  California — see  sole,  curlfin 
C-0— see  sole,  C-0 
common — see  triggerfish,  gray 
curlfin — see  sole,  curlfin 

diamond 47 

hornyhead 47 

Nassau— see  triggerfish,  queen 
sharp  ridge— see  turbot,  hornyhead 
spotted 47 

tyee — see  salmon,  chinook 


Varden,  Dolly 12 


wahoo 34 

snake — see  wahoo 

walleye 29 

warmouth 27 

Warsaw — see  grouper,  Warsaw 

weakfish 31 

spotted — see  seatrout,  spotted 

weatherfish,  oriental 18 

wenchman 26 

whalesucker 48 

whiff,  bay 46 

horned 46 

spotted 46 

whipray — see  ray,  spotted  eagle 

whitebait — see  silverside 

whitefish — see  also  wolffish,  Atlantic 

Bear  Lake 11 

Bonneville 11 

broad 11 

humpback 11 

lake 11 

Menominee — see  whitefish,  round 

mountain 11 

ocean 29 

pygmy 11 

Rocky       Mountain — see       whitefish, 

round 11 

whitefishes U 

whiting — see  also  hake,  silver;  pollock, 
California — see  corbina,  California 
sand — see  windowpane 

windowpane 47 

wolf -eel 43 

wolffish — see  also  lancetfish.  Pacific 

Atlantic 43 

Bering 43 

northern 43 

spotted 43 

wolfhshes 43 

wormfish,  pink 36 

pugjaw 36 

wormfishes 36 

woundfin 16 

wrasse,  blackear 34 

clown 34 

Creole 33 

dwarf 33 

greenband 33 

painted 33 

rock 34 

yellowhead 33 

wrasses 33 

wreckfish 25 

wrymouth 44 

dwarf 44 

giant 44 


Y-blenny 44 

yellowtail 30 

see  also  flounder,  yellowtail;  snap- 
per, yellowiiail ;  perch,  silver 
yowler — see  pout,  ocean 




Index  to  Scientific  Names 

Names  of  classes,  orders,  and  families  appear  in  roman;  those  of  genera  and  species  in 


Ahlennes 20 

Abvdefduf 33 

abyssicola,  Prosopium 11 

Acantharchus 27 

Acanthemblemaria 42 

acanthias,  Squalus 8 

Acanthocybium 34 

Acanthopterygii 24 

Acanthostracion — see  Lactophrys 

Acanthuridae 34 

Acanthurus 34 

Achirus 47 

Acipenser 9 

Acipenseridae 9 

Acipenseriformes 9 

acipenserinus,  Agonus 40 

ackleyi,  Raja 8 

Acrocheilus 13 

acronotus,  Carcharhinus 7 

acros,  Eremichthys 13 

aculeatus,  Gasterosteus 23 

Halieutichthys oO 

Prognathodes 32 

Stenotomus — see  chrysops,  S. 

acuminatus,  Equetus 31 

Etrumeus 10 

Myrichthys 19 

acus,  Strongylura 20 

acuticeps,  Clinocottus 39 

Etheostoma 27 

acutus,  Fodiator 21 

Acyrtops 48 

Adinia 21 

odscensionis,  Epinephelus 25 

adspersus,  Tautogolabrus 34 

aeglefinus,  Melanogrammus 22 

aeneus,  Myoxocephalus 40 

aenigmaticus,  Icosteus 45 

aepyptera,  Lampetra 6 

aestivalis,  Alosa 10 

Hybopsis 14 

Aetobatus 9 

afer,  Alphestes 25 

affinis,  Atherinops 46 

Chilomycterus 49 

Elops 10 

Gambusia 22 

Hirundichthys 21 

agassizi,  Chologaster 22 

Scorpaena 36 

aggregata,  Cymatogaster 33 

Agnatha 6 

Agonidae 40 

Agonopsis 40 

Agonostomus 46 

Agonus 40 

Agosia 13 

aguabonita,  Salmo 11 

Ahlia 19 

alabamae,  Alosa 10 

alalunga,  Thunnus 35 

alascana,  Asterotheca 40 

alascanus,  Sebastolobus 38 

alaius,  Prionotus 38 

albacares,  Thunnus 35 

albeolus,  Notropis 14 

albescens,  Remorina 48 

albicans,  Istiophorus 35 

albida,  Makaira 35 

albigutla,  Kathetostoma 42 

Paralichthys 47 

albirosiris,  Corythoichthys 23 

albolineatus,  Fundulus 21 

alborus,  Notropis 14 

Albula 10 

Albulidae 10 

album,  Haemidon 30 

albus,  Scaphirhynchus 9 

Alectis 29 

alepidota,  Chaenopsis 42 

alepidotus,  Peprilus 45 

Alepisauridae 13 

Alepisaurus 13 

aleutensis,  Lyconectes 44 

aleutianus,  Sebastodes 37 

aleutica.  Raja 8 

aleuticus,  Coitus 39 

Allanetta 46 

alleni,  Rathbimella 42 

alletteratus,  Euthynnus 34 




Alloclinus 42 

AUolumpenus 44 

Allosmerus 12 

Allotriognathi 23 

Alopias 6 

Alosa 10 

alosoides,  Hiodon 12 

alpenae,  Coregonus 11 

Alphestes 25 

alpinus,  Salvelinus 12 

alta,  Pristigenys 26 

altavela,  Gymnura 9 

altima,  Carcharhinus 7 

aliipinnis,  Notropis 14 

altivelis,  Sebastolobus 38 

ahdaceus,  Acrocheilus 13 

Alutera 48 

alutus,  Apogon 26 

Sebastodes 37 

amabilis,  Notropis 14 

Amblopliies 27 

amblops,  Hybopsis 14 

Amblyopsidae 22 

Amblyopsis 22 

amblyrhynchus,  Hemicaranx 30 

Ameiurus — see  Ictalurus 

americana,  Dasyatis 9 

americanus,  Ammodytes 41 

Esox  americanus 12 

Hemiiripterus 39 

Istiophorus — see  albicans,  I. 

Lophius 49 

Macrozoarces 44 

Menticirrhus 31 

Polyprion 25 

Pseudopleuronectes 47 

Roccus 25 

Amia 10 

Amiidae 10 

Amiiformes 10 

Ammocrypta 27 

Ammodytes 41 

Ammodytidae 41 

amnis,  Notropis 14 

amoenus,  Notropis 14 

Amphiodon — see  Hiodon 

Amphistichus 33 

Anacanthini 22 

anale,  Hyperprosopon 33 

analis,  Clinocottus 39 

Lutjanus 26 

analogus,  Epinephelus 25 

analostanus,  Notropis 14 

Anarchias 19 

Anarhichadidae 43 

Anarhichas 43 

Anarrhichthys 43 

anatirostris,  Bembrops 42 

Anchoa 1 1 

anchovia,  Sardinella 10 

Anchoviella 1 1 

Ancylopsetta 46 

andersoni,  Pristipomoides 26 

Anguilla 19 

anguillicaudatus,  Misgurnus 18 

Aiiguillidae 19 

Anguilliformes 19 

anguineum,  Chlamydoselachus 6 

angustirostris,  Tetrapturus 35 

Anisotremus 30 

anisurum,  Moxostoma 17 

annae,  Cottus 39 

annularis,  Pomoxis 27 

Prionodes 25 

annulatus,  Sphaeroides 49 

anogenus,  Notropis 14 

anomalum,  Campostoma 13 

Anoplagonus 40 

Anoplarchus 44 

Anoplopoma 38 

Anoplopomatidae 38 

Antennariidae 50 

Antennarius 50 

antennatus,  Chilomycterus 49 

Anthias 25 

Antigonia 24 

antillarum,  Chilomycterus 49 

Monolene 47 

Apeltes 23 

aphododera,  Dysomma 20 

Aphredoderidae 24 

Aphredoderus 24 

Aplodinotus 31 

Apodes 19 

Apodichthys 43 

apodus,  Lutjanus 26 

Apogon 26 

Apogonidae 26 

approximans,  Polydactylus 46 

Aprionodon 7 

Apristurus 7 

Aprodon 44 

Apsilus 26 

Aptocyclus 41 

aquosus,  Scophthalmus 47 

Archoplites 27 

Archosargus 32 

arcticus,  Thymallus 12 

Trachipterus 24 

arctifrons,  Calamus 32 

Citharichthys 46 

Arctogadus 22 

Arctoscopu^ 41 

arctus,  Syngnathus 23 



arcuatus,  Pomacanthus 32 

ardens,  Catostomus 17 

Notropis 14 

arenarius,  Cynoscion 31 

arenatus,  Priacanthus 26 

Rypticus 26 

argentea,  Sphyraena 45 

argenteum,  H yperprosopon 33 

argenteus,  Amphisiichus 33 

Diplodus 32 

Eucinostomus 30 

Argentina 12 

Argentinidae 12 

argentissimus,  Plagopterus 16 

argi,  Centropyge 32 

Argyreiosus — see  Selene 

Ariidae 18 

ariommum,  Moxostoma 17 

ariommus,  Notropis 14 

Arioscopus 42 

Ariosoma 19 

armatus,  Leptocottus 40 

Artediellus 38 

artedii,  Coregonus 11 

Artedius 38 

Ascelichthys 39 

ascensionis,  Holocentrus 24 

Asemichthys 39 

asper,  Cottus 39 

aspera,  Acanthemhlemaria 42 

Limanda 47 

asperifrons,  Notropis 14 

asperiliriguis,  Anthias 25 

asperrimus,  Cottus 39 

Aspicottus — see  Enophrys 

Aspidophoroides 40 

asprella,  Ammocrypta 27 

asprellus,  Radulinus 40 

asprigene,  Etheostoma 27 

Asterotheca 40 

Astronotus 33 

Astroscopus 42 

Astyanax 13 

Atheresthes 47 

Atherinidae 46 

atherinoides,  Chriodorus 20 

Notropis 14 

Atherinomorus 46 

Atherinops 46 

Atherinopsis 46 

atinga,  Chilomycterus 49 

atlantica,  Emhlemaria 42 

Megalops 10 

Scorpaena 36 

atlanticus,  Liparis 41 

Ophiohlennius 43 

Tetragonurus 45 

Thunnus 35 

atraria,  Gila 13 

atratulus,  Rhinichthys 16 

atricauda,  Symphurus 48 

atripes,  Phanerodon 33 

atripinne,  Etheostoma 27 

Moxostoma 17 

atrocaudalis,  Notropis 15 

atromaculatus,  Semotilus 17 

atropurpureus,  Xiphister 44 

atrovirens,  Sehastodes 37 

audax,  Makaira 35 

audens,  Menidia 46 

auliscus,  Syngnathus 23 

Aulorhynchidae 23 

Aulorhynchus 23 

Aulostomidae 23 

Aulostomus 23 

aurantiaca,  Percina 29 

auratus,  Carassius 13 

Mullus 31 

aureolum,  Moxostoma — see  macrolepido- 
tum,  M. 

aureorubens,  Pronotogrammus 25 

aureus,  Pomacanthus 32 

auriculatus,  Sehastodes 37 

aurifrons,  Opisthognathus 41 

auritus,  Lepomis 27 

aurofrenatum,  Sparisoma 34 

aurolineatum,  Bathy stoma 30 

aurolineatus,  Apogon 26 

aurora,  Micrometrus 33 

Sehastodes 37 

auroruhens,  Rhomhoplites 26 

australis,  Remora 48 

autumnalis,  Coregonus 11 

Auxis 34 

avalonis,  Antennarius 50 

averruncus,  Kathetostoma 42 

Awaous 35 

axillare,  Sparisoma 34 

aya,  Chaetodon 32 

ayresi,  Lampetra 6 

Ayresia — see  Chromis 

azurea,  Hermosilla 32 

azureus,  Carcharhinus 7 


Bagre 18 

bahianus,  Acanthurus 34 

haileyi,  Crenichthys 21 

Notropis 15 

hairdi,  Callionymus 42 

Cottus 39 

Nezumia 22 

Notropis 15 

Bairdiella 31 



hajonado,  Calamus 32 

balao,  Hemiramphus 20 

haldwini,  Prionodes 25 

Balistes 48 

Balistidae 48 

balteatus,  Richardsonius 17 

barbata,  Brotula 45 

Pallasina 40 

barbatum,  Lyconema 44 

Barbulifer 35 

barracuda,  Sphyraena 45 

barratti,  Etheostoma 27 

bartholomaei,  Caranx 29 

bartoni,  Aspidophoroides 40 

Bascanichthys 19 

Bathyagonus 40 

bathybius,  Embassichihys 47 

Bathygobius 35 

Bathylagidae 12 

Bathymaster 42 

Bathymasteridae 42 

bathyphilus,  Halichoeres 33 

Bathy stoma 30 

Batoidei 8 

Batrachoididae 49 

Batrachoidiformes 49 

bdellium,  Ichthyomyzon 6 

beani,  Ammocrypta 27 

Prionotus 38 

beldingi,  Cottus 39 

Bellator 38 

bellica,  Hybopsis 14 

bellus,  Notropis 15 

belone,  Tetrapturus 35 

Belonidae 20 

Belonif ormes 20 

Bembrops 42 

bendirei,  Cottus 39 

bergi,  Scorpaena 36 

beringiana,  Polypera 41 

bermudensis,  Carapus 45 

Holacanthus 32 

Hypleurochilus 43 

Berycif ormes 24 

Berycoidei 24 

beryllina,  Menidia 46 

beryllinus,  Acyrtops 48 

beta,  Opsanus 49 

bicaudalis,  Lactophrys 49 

bicolor,  Gila 13 

Siphateles 17 

bicornis,  Icelus 39 

bifasciatum,  Thalassoma 34 

bifrenatus,  Notropis 15 

biguttata,  Hybopsis 14 

bilinearis,  Merlu^cius 22 

bilineata,  Lepidopsetta 47 

bilobus,  Blepsias 39 

binoculata,  Raja 8 

binotatus,  Apogon 26 

bipinnulatus,  Elagatis 30 

birostris,  Manta 9 

bison,  Enophrys 39 

bivittatum,  Diplectrum 25 

bivittatus,  Halichoeres 33 

blackfordi,  Lutjanus 26 

blanchardi,  Neoclinus 43 

Blenniidae 43 

blennioides,  Etheostoma 27 

Blennius 43 

blennius,  Etheostoma 27 

Notropis 15 

Blepsias 39 

Bodianus 33 

boekei,  Callionymus 42 

boleoides,  Radulinus 40 

Boleosoma — see  Etheostoma 

boleosoma,  Gobionellus 36 

Bollmannia 35 

bonaci,  Mycteroperca 25 

bonariense,  Haemulon 30 

bonasus,  Rhinoptera 9 

boops,  Notropis 15 

borealis,  Icelinus 39 

Sphyraena 45 

Boreogadus 22 

bosci,  Gobiosoma 36 

bosquianus,  Chasmodes 43 

Bothidae 46 

Bothragonus 40 

Bothus 46 

bovinus,  Cyprinodon 21 

brachycephalus,  Corythoichthys 23 

brachychir,  Bellator 38 

Brachygenys 30 

Brachyistius 33 

brachyptera,  Remora 48 

brachypterus,  Parexocoetus 21 

brachysomus,  Calamus 32 

Brama 30 

Bramidae 30 

Branchiostegidae 29 

Brannerella 42 

brasiliensis,  Hemiramphus 20 

Narcine 8 

Saurida 13 

Scorpaena 36 

braytoni,  Notropis 15 

brazosensis,  Notropis 15 

brederi,  Pseudogrammus 25 

breviceps,  Moxostoma 18 

brevipes,  Lycodes 44 

brevirostris,  Chasmistes 17 

Negaprion 7 



hrevirostrum,  Acipenser 9 

hrevispinis,  Sehastodes 37 

Brevoortia 10 

Brosme 22 

brosme,  Brosme 22 

Brosmophycis 45 

Brotula 45 

Brotulidae 45 

hroussonneti,  Gobioides 36 

brncus,  Echinorhinus 8 

brunneus,  Apristurus 7 

bubalus,  Ictiobus 17 

buccanella,  Lutjanus 26 

buccata,  Ericymba 13 

biiccula,  Notropis 15 

buchanani,  Notropis 15 

bullisi,  Holocentrus 24 

burchami,  Icelinus 39 


cabaUus,  Caranx 29 

Caecula 19 

caeruleofasciatus,  Bathymaster 42 

caeruleum,  Etheostoma 27 

caeruleus,  Notropis 15 

cahni,  Hybopsis 14 

Calamus 32 

calamus,  Calamus 32 

calcarata,  Scorpaena 36 

calif omica,  Oxyjulis 34 

Squatina 8 

Torpedo 8 

calif omicus,  Cypselurus 20 

Mustelus 7 

Myliobatis 9 

Paralichthys 47 

calif omiensis,  Atherinopsis 46 

Medialuna 32 

Syngnaihus 23 

Typhlogobius 36 

Xenistius 31 

Callechelys 19 

Callionymidae 42 

Callionymus 42 

callisema,  Notropis 15 

callistius,  Notropis 15 

callitaenia,  Notropis 15 

calliurus,  Callionymus 42 

loglossus 35 

callyodon,  Liparis 41 

calva,  Amia 10 

Calycilepidotus — see  Hemilepidotus 

campcchanus,  Lutjanus 26 

Campostoma 13 

camurum,  Etheostoma 27 

camtirus,  Notropis 15 

canadense,  Stizostedion 29 

canadum,  Rachycentron 29 

canis,  Mustelus 7 

Cantherines 48 

Canthidermis 48 

Canthigaster 49 

capellei,  Lophotus 24 

capistratus,  Chaetodon 32 

caprinus,  Stenotomus 32 

capriscus,  Batistes 48 

caprodes,  Percina 29 

Caproidae 24 

capros,  Antigonia 24 

Carangidae 29 

Caranx 29 

Carapidae 45 

Carapus 45 

Carassius 13 

carbonarium,  Haemulon 30 

Carcharhinidae 7 

Carcharhinus 7 

Carcharias 6 

carcharias,  Carcharodon 7 

Carchariidae 6 

Carcharodon 7 

Careproctus 41 

caribbaea,  Saurida 13 

caribbaeus,  Scorpaenodes 37 

carinatum,  Moxostoma 18 

camatus,  Sebastodes 37 

carolinae,  Cottus 39 

carolinensis,  Batistes — see  capriscus,  B. 

carolinus,  Prionotus 38 

Trachinotus 30 

carpio,  Carpiodes 17 

Cyprinus 13 

Floridichthys 21 

Carpiodes 17 

carri,  Microgobius 36 

caryi,  Hypsurus 33 

castaneus,  Ichthyomijzon 6 

castor,  Pontinus 36 

catalinensis,  Rhynchocymba 19 

cataractae,  Rhinichthys 16 

catenata,  Echidna 19 

catenatus,  Fundidus 21 

Catostomidae 17 

Catostomus 17 

catostomus,  Catostomus 17 

Phenacobius 16 

catus,  Ictalurus 18 

caudalis,  Halichoeres 33 

cauxiUimbatus,  Conger 19 

Caulolatilus 29 

caurinus,  Mylocheilus 14 

Sebastodes 37 

cavalla,  Scomberomorus 35 

cavifrons,  Ambloplites 27 



Icelinus 39 

cayorum,  Anchoa 11 

Ogilhia 45 

Cebidichthys 44 

Centrarchidae 27 

Centrarchus 27 

Centriscidae 23 

Centrolophus 45 

Centropomidae 24 

Centropomus 24 

Centropristes 25 

Centropyge 32 

Centroscyllium 8 

ccntroura,  Dasyatis 9 

cepedianum,  Dorosoma 10 

Cephalopholis 25 

Cephaloscyllium 7 

cephalus,  Mugil 46 

cerasinus,  Notropis 15 

Ceratacanthus — see  Alutera 

cerdale,  Scytalina 44 

cervimim,  Lepophidium 45 

Moxostoma 18 

Cetengraulis 11 

Cetorhinus 7 

ceuthoecus,  Barbulifer 35 

Chaenohryttus 27 

Chaenopsis 42 

Chaetodipterus 32 

Chaetodon 32 

chaetodon,  Enneacanthus 27 

Chaetodontidae 32 

chalcogrammus,  Theragra 22 

chalyhaeus,  Notropis 15 

chamaeleonticeps,  Lopholaiilus 29 

Characidae 13 

Chascanopsetta 46 

Chasmistes 17 

Chasmodes 43 

Cheiloirema 31 

chesteri,  Phycis 22 

chihuahua,  Notropis 15 

chiliensis,  Sarda 35 

chiliticus,  Notropis 15 

Chilomyderus 49 

Chimaerae 9 

Chimaeridae 9 

Chimaeriformes 9 

Chirolophus 44 

chirurgus,  Acanthurus 34 

chirus,  Phytichthys 44 

Chitonotus 39 

chittendeni,  Cyclopsetta 46 

Chlamydoselachidae 6 

Chlamydoselachus 6 

chloristius,  Notropis 15 

chlorocephalus,  Notropis 15 

Chloroscombrus 29 

chlorosomurn,  Etheostoma 27 

chlorostictus,  Sebastodes 37 

Chologaster 22 

Chondrichthyes 6 

Chondrostei 9 

chordatus,  Stylephorus 24 

Chriodorus 20 

Chromis 33 

Chrosomus 13 

chrosomus,  Notropis 15 

chrysargyrea,  Brachygenys 30 

chrysochloris,  Alosa 10 

chrysogaster,  Agosia 13 

chrysomelas,  Sebastodes 37 

chrysops,  Roccus 26 

Stenotonius 32 

chrysopterum,  Sparisoma 34 

chrysopterus,  Orthopristis 31 

chrysotus,  Fundulus 21 

chrysura,  Bairdiella 31 

chrysurus,  Chloroscombrus 29 

Microspathodon 33 

Ocyurus 26 

chuss,  Urophycis 22 

Cichlasoma 33 

Cichlidae 33 

ciliaris,  Holacanthus 32 

ciliatus,  Monacanthus 49 

Sebastodes 37 

cimbrius,  Enchelyopus 22 

cinereum,  Etheostoma 27 

cinereus,  Gerres 30 

cingulatus,  Fundulus 21 

Paracli7ius 43 

cirratum,  Ginglymostoma 7 

cirratus,  Urophycis 22 

cirrhosus,  Blepsias 39 

Citharichthys 46 

civitatus,  Symphurus 48 

clara,  Ammocrypta 27 

clarki,  Pantosteus 18 

Salmo 11 

clathratus,  Paralabrax 25 

Clepticus 33 

Clevelandia 35 

Clinidae 42 

Clinocottus 39 

Clinostomus 13 

Clupea 10 

clupeaformis,  Coregonu^ 11 

Clupeidae 10 

Clupeiformes 10 

clupeola,  Harengula 10 

Cobitidae 18 

cobitis,  Tiaroga 17 

coccogenis,  Notropis 15 



coelestinus,  Scarus 34 

coenosus,  Pleuronichthys 47 

coeruleus,  Acanthurus 34 

Scarus 34 

cognatus,  Cottus 39 

cothurni,  Seriola 30 

colias,  Scomber 35 

collapsum,  Moxostoma 18 

colliei,  Hydrolagus 9 

collis,  Etheosioma 27 

Cololahis 20 

columbianus,  Caiostomus 17 

comatus,  Cypselurus 20 

comhatia,  Antigonia 24 

commersoni,  Catostomus 17 

compressa,  Anchoa 11 

conchorum,  Menidia 46 

concolor,  Scomberomorus 35 

confluentus,  Fundulus 21 

Conger 19 

congestum,  Moxostoma 18 

Congridae 19 

Congrina 19 

conklini,  Apogon 26 

Caecula 19 

conneciens,  Lethops 36 

conocephalus,  Mylopharodon 14 

Conodon 30 

constellatus,  Sebastodes 37 

coosae,  Etheostoma 27 

Micropterus 27 

copei,  Snyderichthys 17 

copelandi,  Percina 29 

corallinum,  Cryptotrema 42 

corallinus,  Artedius 38 

Coregonus 11 

coregonus,  Moxostoma 18 

coriacea,  Moapa 14 

corinus,  Hexanchus — see  griseum,  H. 

cornuia,  Chologaster 22 

cornutus,  Citharichthys 46 

Notropis 15 

coroides,  Umbrina 31 

corporalis,  Semotilus 17 

cortezianus,  Aprodon 44 

coruscus,  Holocentrus 24 

Coryphaena 30 

Coryphaenidae 30 

Coryphopterus 35 

Corythoichthys 23 

Cottidae 38 

Cottus 39 

Couesius 14 

couUeri,  Prosopium 11 

cragini,  Etheostoma 27 

crameri,  Hybopsis 14 

Sebastodes 37 

crassa,  Percina 29 

crassicauda,  Gila 13 

creaseri,  Artedius 39 

Crenichthys 21 

crinigerus,  Micrognathus 23 

crinitus,  Alectis 29 

Micrognathus 23 

cristatus,  Blennius 43 

Trachipterus 24 

Cristivomer — see  Salvelinus 

crocro,  Pomadasys 31 

croicensis,  Scarus 34 

cromis,  Pogonias 31 

crossotus,  Etropus 46 

crotalina,  Embryx 44 

cruentatum,,  Petrometopon 25 

cruentatus,  Priacanthus 26 

crumenophthalmus,  Selar 30 

Cryptacanthodes 44 

Cryptopterygium 19 

Cryptotomus 34 

Cryptotrema 42 

crysoleucas,  Notemigonus 14 

crysos,  Caranx 29 

cubana,  Anchoa 11 

cubensis,  Squalus 8 

Cubiceps 45 

cujus,  Chasmistes 17 

cummingsae,  Notropis 15 

curacao,  Bathygobius 35 

curema,  Mugil 46 

cuvieri,  Galeocerdo 7 

Tetragonurus 45 

cyanea,  Chromis 33 

cyanellus,  Lepomis 27 

cyanoguttatum,  Cichlasoma 33 

cyanophrys,  Psenes 45 

cyanops,  Caulolatilus 29 

cyanopterus,  Cypselurus 20 

Lutjanus 26 

Cycleptus 17 

Cyclopsetta 46 

Cyclopterichthys 41 

Cyclopteridae 41 

Cyclopteropsis 41 

Cyclopterus 41 

cyclopus,  Liparis 41 

cyclostigma,  Liparis 41 

cylindraceum,  Prosopium 11 

Cymatogaster 33 

cymatotaenia,  Percina 29 

Cynoglossidae 48 

cynoglossus,  Glypiocephalus 47 

Cynoscion 31 

cypha,  Gila 13 

cyprinellus,  Ictiobus 17 

Cyprinidae 13 



Cypriniformes 13 

Cyprinodon 21 

Cyprinodontidae 21 

Cyprinodontiformes 21 

cyprinoides,  Lophogobius 36 

Cyprinus 13 

cyprinus,  Carpiodes 17 

Cypselurus 20 


Dactylopteridae 41 

Dactylopterus 41 

dactylopterus,  Helicolenus 36 

Dactyloscopidae 42 

Dactyloscopus 42 

Dalatias 8 

dalli,  Lythrypnus 36 

Schastodes 37 

Dallia 12 

Damalichthys — see  Rhacochilus 

Dasyatidae 9 

Dasyatis 9 

Dasycottus 39 

davidsoni,  Anisotremus 30 

deani,  Paraliparis 41 

Polistotrema 6 

decagonus,  Agonus 40 

decagrammus,  Hexagrammos 38 

Decapterus 29 

decUvifrons,  Vomer 30 

Decodon 33 

decurrens,  Pleuronichthys 47 

delicatissima,  Anchoa 11 

Delolepis 44 

delphinus,  Pantosteus 18 

dennyi,  Liparis 41 

dentatiis,  Apsilus 26 

Neoscopelarchoides 13 

Paralichthys 47 

Pseudupeneus 31 

deniex,  Odontoscion 31 

Osmerus 12 

denticulatus,  Anarhichas 43 

derjugini,  Eumicrotremus 41 

Dermatolepis 25 

Dermatostethus 23 

diaholi,  Dionda 13 

diabolis,  Cyprinodon 21 

diaphana,  Emblemaria 42 

Lactoria 49 

diaphanes,  Raja — see  ocellaia,  R. 

diaphanus,  Fundulus 21 

Diapterus 30 

diapterus,  Lycodes 44 

dilatus,  Spirinchus 12 

dilecta,  Ancylopsetia 46 

Diodon 49 

Diodontidae 49 

diomedianus,  Symphurus 48 

Dionda 13 

Diplectrum 25 

Diplodus 32 

diploproa,  Sehastodes 37 

dipterurus,  Dasyatis 9 

Discocephali 48 

dispar,  Scorpaena 36 

dissimilis,  Hybopsis 14 

diiaenia,  Gila 14 

ditropis,  Lamna 7 

dodecaedra,  Occa 40 

dolichogaster,  Pholis 43 

dolomieui,  Micropterus 27 

Doratonotus 33 

Dormitator 35 

dormitor,  Gobiomorus 35 

Dorosoma 10 

dorsalis,  Notropis 15 

Seriola 30 

Sphaeroides 49 

dorsopunicans,  Eupomacentrus 33 

drummondhayi,  Epinephelus 25 

dubiiis,  Ammodytes 41 

ductor,  Naucrates 30 

dumerili,  Seriola 30 

Squatina 8 

dunckeri,  Syngnathus 23 

duodecim,  Anchoa 11 

duquesnei,  Moxostoma 18 

duryi,  Etheostoma 27 

Dysomma 20 

Dysommidae 20 


earlli,  Urophycis 22 

Echeneidae 48 

Echeneiformes 48 

Echeneis 48 

Echidna 19 

Echinorhinus 8 

edwini,  Etheostoma 28 

eglanteria,  Raja 8 

egmontis,  Ahlia 19 

egregius,  Arioscopus 42 

Richardsonius 17 

egretta,  Bellator 38 

eigenmanni,  Rimicola 48 

Elacatinus 35 

Elagatis 30 

elassodon,  Hippoglossoides 47 

Elassoma 27 

elater,  Zalieutes 50 

elegans,  Cyprinodon 21 

Gibbonsia 42 

Eleginus 22 



Eleotridae 35 

Eleotris 35 

eleutherus,  Noturus 18 

elUpiicum,  Hyperprosopon 33 

elongatus,  Allosmerus 12 

Clinostomus 13 

Cycleptus 17 

Ophiodon 38 

Sebastodes 37 

Elopidae 10 

Flops 10 

elucens,  Syngnathus 23 

Emhassichthys 47 

Embiotoca 33 

Embiotocidae 33 

Ernhlemaria 42 

embryum,  Clinocottus 39 

Emhryx 44 

emiliae,  Opsopoeodus 16 

emmelane,  Agonopsis 40 

Empetrichthys 21 

emphaeus,  Sebastodes 37 

Enchelycore 19 

Enchelyopus 22 

enchrysurus,  Chromis 33 

Engraiilidae 11 

Engraulis 11 

Engyophrys 46 

Enneacatithus 27 

Enneapterygius 42 

Enophrys 39 

ensiferus,  Centropomus 24 

Entomacrodus 43 

eniomelas,  Sebastodes 37 

Entosphenus — see  Lampetra 

Eopsetia 47 

eos,  Chrosomus 13 

Sebastodes 37 

Ephippidae 32 

Epinephelus 25 

episcopa,  Dionda 13 

Eques — see  Equetus 

Equetus 31 

equisetis,  Coryphaena 30 

erectus,  Hippocampus 23 

Eremichthys 13 

Ericymba 13 

Erilepis 38 

Erimystax 14 

Erimyzon 17 

erinacea,  Raja 8 

Erotelis 35 

erythra,  Gibbonsia 42 

erythrogaster,  Chrosomus 13 

erythrophthalmus,  Scardinius 17 

erythrurum,  Moxostoma 18 

Esocidae 12 

Esox 12 

Etelis 26 

Etheosloma 27 

etowanum,  Hypentelium 17 

Etropus 46 

Etrumeus 10 

Eucalia 23 

Eucinostomus 30 

Eucyclogobius 35 

Euleptorhamphus 20 

Eumesogrammus 44 

Eumicrotremus 41 

Eupomacentrus 33 

eurystole,  Anchoviella 11 

eurystomus,  Satan 19 

euryzonus,  Notropis 15 

Euthynnus 34 

euzonum,  Etheostoma 28 

evergladei,  Elassoma 27 

evermanni,  Rhinichthys 16 

Evermannichihys 36 

evides,  Percina 29 

Plectobranchus 44 

Eviota 35 

evolans,  Prionotus 38 

Evorthodus 36 

exasperata,  Zapteryx 8 

exile,  Etheostoma 28 

exilicaiida,  Lavinia 14 

exilis,  Lyopsetta 47 

Noturus 18 

Strongylura 20 

Exocoetidae 20 

Exocoetus 21 

Exoglossum 13 

exsiliens,  Cypselurus 20 

extensa,  Menidia 46 

Extrarius 14 


faber,  Chaetodipterus 32 

fabricii,  Centroscyllium 8 

Lumpenus 44 

falcata,  Seriola 30 

falcatus,  Rhinichthys 16 

Trachinotus 30 

falciformis,  Carcharhinus 7 

fasciafa,  Pholis 43 

Seriola 30 

fasciatus,  Larimus 31 

Opisthognathus 41 

Paraclinus 43 

fecundus,  Catostomus 17 

felis,  Galeichthys 18 

fenestralis,  Arlediiis 39 

ferox,  Alepisaurus 13 

ferruginea,  Limanda 47 



fierasfer,  Lycodapus 44 

filamentosus,  Icelinus 39 

fimbria,  Anoplopoma 38 

fimbriata,  Cyclopseita 46 

fimbriatus,  Icelinus 39 

Fistularia 23 

Fistulariidae 23 

flabellare,  Etheostoma 28 

fiammea,  Hemitremia 14 

flava,  Congrina 19 

flavescens,  Perca 29 

flavidus,  Apodichthys 43 

Aulorhynchus 23 

Sebastodes 37 

flavobrunneum,  Lepidocybium 34 

flavolimbatus,  Epinephelus 25 

flavolineatum,  Haemulon 31 

flavus,  Noturus 18 

florae,  Liparis 41 

floridae,  Jordanella 21 

Syngnathus 23 

floridanus,  Carcharhinus 7 

Microdesmus 36 

Urophycis 22 

Floridichthys 21 

focaliger,  Meniicirrhus 31 

Fodiator 21 

foetens,  Synodus 13 

fonticola,  Etheostoma 28 

fontinalis,  Salvelinus 12 

forbesi,  Carpiodes 17 

forcipatus,  Batistes 48 

formosa,  Heterandria 22 

Mollienesia 22 

formosum,  Diplectrum 25 

fossor,  Ichthyomyzon 6 

francisci,  Heterodontus 6 

jreminvillei,  Myliobatis 9 

frenata,  Zaniolepis 38 

frenatus,  Brachyistius 33 

Sarritor 40 

fricksium,  Etheostomxi 28 

frontalis,  Gastropsetta 47 

Jryi,  Hesperomyrus 19 

fucensis,  Liparis 41 

fiicorum,  Xererpes 43 

fulgida,  Meda 14 

fulva,  Cephalopholis 25 

fidvescens,  Acipenser 9 

fumeus,  Notropis 15 

funduloides,  Clinostomus 13 

Fundulus 21 

funebris,  Gymnothorax 19 

Noturus 18 

furcatus,  Cypselurus 20 

Ictalurus 18 

Phanerodon 33 

furcifer,  Paranthias 25 

furiosus,  Noturus 18 

fuscus,  Syngnathus 23 

fusiforme,  Etheostoma 28 


Gadidae 22 

Gadif ormes 22 

Gadus 22 

gagei,  Ichthyomyzon 6 

gaigei,  Gambusia 22 

gaimardiana,  Mugil 46 

gairdneri,  Salmo 11 

galacturus,  Notropis 15 

Galeichthys 18 

Galeocerdo 7 

Galeorhinus 7 

Gambusia 22 

garmani,  Raja 8 

Garmannia 36 

garnoti,  Halichoeres 33 

Garrupa — see  Epinephelus 

Gasterosteidae 23 

Gasterosteif ormes 23 

Gasterosieus 23 

Gastropsetta 47 

geiseri,  Gambusia 22 

gelida,  Hybopsis 14 

geminatus,  Hypleurochilus 43 

gemmiferum,  Prosopium 11 

Gempylidae 34 

Gempylus 34 

gentilis,  Hypsoblenniu^ 43 

Genyonemus 31 

Germo — see  Thunnus 

Gerres 30 

Gerridae 30 

gibbifrons,  Prognichthys 21 

Gibbonsia 42 

gibbosus,  Lepomis 27 

gigantea,  Delolepis 44 

gigas,  Stereolepis 26 

Gila 13 

gilae,  Salmo 11 

gilberti,  Hypsoblennius 43 

Ilypnus 36 

Noturus 18 

Gilbertidia 39 

Gillellus 42 

gilli,  Pholis 43 

Sebastodes 37 

Synchirus 40 

Gillichthys 36 

Ginglymodi 10 

Ginglymostoma 7 

ginsburgi,  Gobiosoma 36 

girardi,  Notropis 15 



Girella 32 

Girellidae 32 

glaher,  Cyclopterichthys 41 

glacialis,  Arctogadus 22 

Liopsetta 47 

gladius,  Xiphias 35 

glauca,  Prionace 7 

glaiicofraenum,  Coryphopterus 35 

glaucum,  Stizostedion  vitrewn 29 

glaucus,  I  sums 7 

Trachinotus 30 

glesne,  Regalecus 24 

glohiceps,  Clinocottus 39 

gloriosus,  Enneacanthus 27 

glutinosa,  Myxine 6 

Glyptocephalus 47 

Gnaiholepis 36 

Gobiesocidae 48 

Gobiesocif ormes 48 

Gohiesox 48 

Gobiidae 35 

Gohioides 36 

gobioides,  Bemhrops 42 

Gohiomorus 35 

Gohionellus 36 

Gobiosoma 36 

Gobulus 36 

gomesi,  Ophichthus 20 

Gonioplectrus 25 

goodei,  Lucania 22 

Myliobatis 9 

Ptilichthys 44 

Sebastodes 37 

gorbuscha,  Oncorhynchus 11 

Gordiichthys 19 

gracile,  Etheostoma 28 

gracilior,  Congrina 19 

gracilis,  Cubiceps 45 

Cymatogaster 33 

Eleginus 22 

Hybopsis 14 

Macrorhamphosus 23 

gracillimus,  Gobionellus 36 

graellsi,  Lepophidium 45 

grahami,  Etheostoma 28 

grandicomis,  Paraclinus 43 

grandicornis,  Scorpaena 36 

grandis,  Fundulus 21 

Ptychocheilus 16 

greeleyi,  Ichthyomyzon 6 

greenei,  Cottus 39 

Notropis 15 

greeni,  Polypera 41 

greyae,  Gillellus 42 

greyi,  Istiophorus 35 

griseolineatus,  Syngnathus 23 

griseum,  Hexanchus 6 

griseus,  Lutjanus 26 

gronowi,  Nomeus 45 

grunniens,  Aplodinotus 31 

guacamaia,  Scarus 34 

guachancho,  Sphyraena 46 

gula,  Eucinostomus 30 

gulosus,  Chaenobryttus 27 

Cottus 39 

Microgobius 36 

gunnellus,  Pholis 43 

gunteri,  Brevoortia 10 

Syacium 47 

guppyi,  Labrisomus 43 

gutselli,  Etheostoma 28 

guttata,  Scorpaena 37 

guttatus,  Astroscopus 42 

Epinephelus 25 

guttulata,  Hypsopsetta 47 

Gymnachirus 47 

Gymnelis 44 

Gymnocanthus 39 

Gymnothorax 19 

Gymnura 9 

gyrinus,  Noturus 18 

Gyropleurodus — see  Heterodontus 


Haemulon 30 

Halecomorphi 10 

Halichoeres 33 

Halieutichthys 50 

halleri,  Urolophus 9 

hamiltoni,  Manta 9 

Moxostoma 18 

hankinsoni,  Artedius 39 

Hybognathus 14 

Haplodoci 49 

Harengula 10 

harengus,  Clupea  harengus 10 

harperi,  Hybopsis 14 

harringtonensis,  Allanetta 46 

harringtoni,  Artedius 39 

hastatus,  Gobionellus 36 

havana,  Eucinostomus 30 

hayi,  Hybognathus 14 

heidi,  Uraspis 30 

Helicolenus 36 

helvomaculatus,  Sebastodes 37 

Hemanthias 25 

Hemibranchii 23 

Hemicaranx 30 

Hemiemblemaria 42 

Hemilepidotus 39 

hemilepidotus,  Hemilepidotus 39 

Hemiramphidae 20 

Hemiramphus 20 

Hemitremia 14 



Hemitripterus 39 

hemphilli,  Stathmonotus 43 

henlei,  Triakis 7 

hentzi,  Hypsohlennius 43 

hepselus,  Anchoa 11 

Herichthys — see  Cichlasoma 

Hermosilla 32 

Hesperoleucus 14 

Hesperomyriis 19 

Heterandria 22 

Heteristius 42 

heterochir,  Gamhusia 22 

heteroclitus,  Fundulus 21 

heterodon,  Notropis 15 

Heterodontidae 6 

Heterodontus 6 

heterolepis,  Notropis 15 

Heteromi 20 

Heterosomata 46 

Heterostichus 42 

heterurus,  Cypselurus 20 

Hexagrammidae 38 

Hexagrammos 38 

Hexanchidae 6 

Hexanchus 6 

hexapterus,  Ammodytes 41 

Mans,  Ablennes 20 

hildebrandi,  Noturus 19 

Hiodon 12 

Hiodontidae 12 

Hippocampus 23 

Hippoglossina 47 

Hippoglossoides 47 

hippoglossoides,  Reinhardlius 47 

Hippoglossus 47 

hippoglossiis,  Hippoglossus 47 

hippos,  Caranx 29 

hippurus,  Coryphaena 30 

Hirundichthys 21 

hirundo,  Leiocottus 40 

hispanus,  Gonioplectrus 25 

hispidus,  Monacanthus 49 

Histrio 50 

histrio,  Etheostoma 28 

Histrio 50 

Holacanthus 32 

holacanthus,  Diodon 49 

holbrooki,  Diplodus 32 

Ophidian 45 

Holconotus — see  Amphistichus 

holderi,  Allodinus 42 

Holocentridae 24 

Holocentrus 24 

holochroma,  Cryptopterygium 19 

hopkinsi,  Plagiogrammus 44 

Sebastodes 37 

hopliticus,  Paricelinus 40 

Hoplunnis 19 

horsti,  Gobiosoma 36 

hoyi,  Coregonus 11 

hubbsi,  Cottus 39 

Cyprinodon 21 

Ichthyomyzon 6 

Moxostoma 18 

Novumbra 12 

hudsonius,  Notropis 15 

humeralis,  Harengula 10 

humilis,  Lepomis 27 

Hybognafhus 14 

Hybopsis 14 

Hyborhynchus — see  Pimephales 

Hydrolagus 9 

Hypentelium 17 

Hyperoartii 6 

Hyperotreti 6 

Hyperprosopon 33 

Hypleurochilus 43 

hypochromus,  AUolumpenus 44 

hypodus,  Decapterus 29 

Hypomesus 12 

Hypoplectrus 25 

hypoplectus,  Raihbunella 42 

Hypoprion 7 

Hyporhamphus 20 

hypostoma,  Mobula 9 

Hypsagonus 40 

hypselopterus,  Notropis 15 

hypsilepis,  Notropis 15 

hypsinotus,  Hybopsis 14 

Hypsoblennius 43 

Hypsopsetta 47 

Hypsurus 33 

Hypsypops 33 

Hysterocarpus 33 

hystrix,  Diodon 49 


Icelinus 39 

Icelus 39 

Ichthyomyzon 6 

Icichthys 45 

icistius,  Bairdiella 31 

Icosteidae 45 

Icosteus 45 

Ictaluridae 18 

Ictalurus 18 

Icticus 45 

Ictiobus 17 

illecebrosus,  Notropis 15 

Uypnus 36 

imberbe,  Peristedion 38 

imperialis,  Luvarus 35 

impressa,  Ariosoma 19 

incisor,  Kyphosus 32 



inconstans,  Eucalia 23 

indica,  Makaira 35 

inermis,  Anoplagonus 40 

Dermatolepis 25 

Scorpaena 37 

infraspinata,  Asteroiheca 40 

ingens,  Hippocampus 23 

Iniomi 13 

inornata,  Raja 8 

inscriptum,  Etheostoma 28 

inscriptus,  Trinectes 47 

insignis,  Caiostomus 17 

Hybopsis 14 

Noturus 19 

insolatus,  Chromis 33 

integripinnis,  Paraclinus 43 

intermedius,  Paritosteus 18 

Synodus 13 

internipta,  Raja 8 

interruptus,  Archoplites 27 

inter stitialis,  Mycteroperca 25 

intertinctus,  Mystriophis 20 

loglossus 35 

ionthas,  Hypsoblennius 43 

ios,  Clevelandia 35 

loiichihys 14 

irretitus,  Gordiichthys 19 

isodon,  Aprionodon 7 

isolepis,  Isopsetta 47 

Isopsetta 47 

Isospondyli 10 

Istiophoridae 35 

Istiophorus 35 

I  sums 7 

itajara,  Epinephelus 25 


jacksoni,  Embiotoca 33 

jacobus,  Myriprisiis 24 

jamaicensis,  Urolophus 9 

japanica,  Mobula 9 

japonica,  Lampetra 6 

japonictis,  Arctoscopus 41 

Scomber 35 

jeannae,  Bollmannia 35 

Lepophidium 45 

jemezanus,  Notropis 15 

jenkinsi,  Fundulus 21 

Jenkinsia 10 

jessiae,  Etheostoma 28 

jocu,  Lutjanus 26 

johannae,  Coregonus 11 

Jordanella 21 

jordani,  Eopsetta 47 

Etheostoma 28 

Mycteroperca 25 

Ronquilus 42 

Sebastodes 37 

Jordania 39 

juliae,  Etheostoma 28 


kalisherae,  Labrisomus 43 

kanawhae,  Etheostoma 28 

kansae,  Fundulus 21 

Kathetostoma 42 

Katsuwonus — see  Euthynnus 

kendalli,  Verma 20 

kennicotti,  Etheostoma 28 

keta,  Oncorhynchus 11 

kincaidi,  Malacocottus 40 

Raja 8 

kisutch,  Oncorhynchus 11 

kiyi,  Coregonus 11 

klamathensis,  Cottus 39 

koefoedi,  Liparis 41 

koelzi,  Amphistichus 33 

Kyphosidae 32 

Kyphosus 32 


Labidesthes 46 

Labridae 33 

Labrisomus 43 

labrosa,  Hybopsis 14 

lacera,  Lagochila 17 

lachneri,  Apogon 26 

Moxostoma 18 

Lachnolaimus 34 

lachrymale,  Moxostoma 18 

Lactophrys 49 

Lactoria 49 

lacustris,  Ictalurus — see  punctatus,  I. 

laeta,  Pholis 43 

laevigatus,  Lagocephalus 49 

laevis,  Raja 8 

Ranzania 49 

Lagocephalus 49 

lagocephalus,  Lagocephalus 49 

Lagochila 17 

Lagodon 32 

lahontan,  Pantosteus 18 

lamiella,  Carcharhinus 7 

Lamna 7 

Lamnidae 6 

lamottei,  Lampetra 6 

Lampetra 6 

Lamprididae 23 

Lampridiformes 23 

Lampris 23 

lamprotaenia,  Anchoa 11 

Jenkinsia 10 

lanceolata,  Mola 49 

lanceolatus,  Equetus 31 



lanceolatus,  Stellifer 31 

Larimus 31 

lateralis,  Artedius 39 

Embiotoca 33 

lathami,  Trachurus 30 

laiifrons,  Xeneretmus 40 

laiipinna,  Mollienesia 22 

latipinnis,  Catostomus 17 

Zaniolepis 38 

latos,  Empetrichthys 21 

latus,  Caranx 29 

laurae,  Parexoglossum 16 

lavalaei,  Lycodes 44 

Lavinia 14 

leedsi,  Notropis 15 

lefroyi,  Eucinostomus 30 

Leiocottus 30 

leiopomus,  Cottus 39 

leiops,  Xeneretmus 41 

Leiostomus 31 

lentiginosa,  Raja 8 

lentiginosus,  Rhinobatos 8 

Lepibema — see  Roccus 

Lepidocybium 34 

Lepidogobius 36 

Lepidomeda 14 

Lepidopsetia 47 

Lepidopus 34 

lepidum,  Etheostoma 28 

lepidus,  Lepidogobius 36 

Notropis 15 

Lepisosteidae 10 

Lepisosteus 10 

Lepomis 27 

Lepophidium 45 

leptacanthus,  Noturus 19 

leptoccphala,  Hybopsis 14 

Lcptocottus 40 

Leptolucania 22 

leptorhynchus,  Sarritor 40 

lepturus,  Trichiurus 34 

leptus,  Hemanthias 25 

Letharchus 19 

Lethops 36 

lethostigma,  Paralichthys 47 

leucas,  Carcharhinus 7 

Leucichthys 11 

leucichthys,  Stenodus 12 

leuciodus,  Notropis 15 

leucosteus,  Calamus 32 

leucostictus,  Eupomacentrus 33 

Leuresthes 46 

Leuroglossus 12 

levis,  Sebastodes 37 

lewini,  Sphyrna 7 

libertate,  Opisthonema 10 

licha,  Dalatias 8 

Limanda 47 

limbatus,  Carcharhinus 7 

limi,  Umbra 12 

lindneri,  Lonchopisthus 41 

lineata,  Parahollardia 48 

lineatus,  Achirus 47 

Euthynnus 34 

Genyonemus 31 

Oostethus 23 

Phiheirichthys 48 

lineopunctatus,  Xanthichthys 49 

liolepis,  Xystreurys 47 

Liopsetta 47 

liorus,  Chasmistes 17 

Liparis 41 

liparis,  Liparis 41 

lirus,  Notropis 15 

littoralis,  Menticirrhus 31 

liza,  Mugil 46 

Lobotes 26 

Lobotidae 26 

lockingtoni,  Icichthys 45 

Lonchopisthus 41 

lonchurus,Opisthognathus 41 

longicaudus,Gobionellus 36 

longimanum,  Etheostoma 28 

longimanus,  Carcharhinus 7 

longipala,  Gobiosoma 36 

longipinnis,  Careprocius 41 

Microdesmus 36 

Taractes 30 

longirostris,  Lumpenella 44 

Notropis 15 

longispinis,  Pontinus 36 

longum,  Gobiosoma 36 

longurio,  Scoliodon 7 

Lophiidae 49 

Lophiiformes 49 

Lophius 49 

Lophobranchii 23 

Lophogobius 36 

Lopholatilus 29 

Lophopsetta — see  Scophthalmus 

Lophotidae 24 

Lophotus 24 

Lota 22 

lota,  Lota 22 

louisianae,  Syngnathus 23 

lowei,  Polymixia 24 

Lucania 22 

lucasana,  Mobula 9 

luciae,  Fundulus 21 

lucioceps,  Synodus 13 

lucius,  Esox 12 

Ptychocheilus 16 

lugubris,  Caranx 29 

Chascanopsetta 46 



Lumpenella 44 

Lumpenus 44 

lumpretaeformis,  Lumpenus 44 

lumpus,  Cyclopterus 41 

lunatus,  Bothus 46 

lunulatus,  Mustelus 7 

lupus,  Anarhichas 43 

Ictalurus 18 

luteovinctum,  Eiheosioma 28 

lutipinnis,  Notropis 15 

Lutjanidae 26 

Lutjanus 26 

lutrensis,  Notropis 15 

Luvaridae 35 

Luvarus 35 

luxatus,  Catostomus 17 

Lycenchelys 44 

Lycichthys^see  Anarhichas 

Lycodapus 44 

Lycodes 44 

Lycodopsis 44 

Lyconectes 44 

Lyconema 44 

lyolepis,  Anchoa 11 

Lyopsetta 47 

lyricus,  Evorthodus 36 

Lythrypnus 36 


macalpini,  C yclopteropsis 41 

macarellus,  Decapterus 29 

macdonaldi,  Sehastodes 37 

macellus,  Triglops 40 

Macrhyhopsis 14 

macrocephala,  Percina 29 

macrocephalus,  Gadus 22 

macrocheilus,  Catostomus 17 

macrochirus,  Lepomis 27 

macrodon,  Garmannia 36 

macrognathus,  Opisthognathus 41 

macrolepidotum,  Moxostoma 18 

macrolepidotus,  Pogonichthys 16 

Macropinna 12 

macrops,  Citharichthys 46 

macropterus,  Centrarchus 27 

macropus,  Malacodenus 43 

Macrorhamphosus 23 

macrostomum,  Haemulon 31 

Macrouridae 22 

Macrozoarces 44 

macrurus,  Hoplunnis 19 

macularius,  Cyprinodon 21 

maculata,  Percina 29 

maculatofasciatus,  Paralabrax 25 

macidatum,  Etheostoma 28 

maculatus,  Apogon 26 

Aulostomus 23 

Canthidermis 48 

Cryptacanthodes 44 

Dormitator 35 

Lumpenus 44 

Notorynchus 6 

Notropis 15 

Psenes 45 

Pseudupeneus 32 

Scomheromorus 35 

Sphaeroides 49 

Trinectes 47 

maculipinna,  Halichoeres 34 

maculipinnis,  Carcharhinus 7 

macidosus,  Oligocottus 40 

maeandricus,  Gobiesox 48 

mahogoni,  Lutjanus 26 

majalis,  Fundulus .  21 

Makaira 35 

Malacanthus 29 

Malacocottus 40 

Malacodenus 43 

maliger,  Sehastodes 37 

Mallotus 12 

malma,  Salvelinus 12 

mandibularis,  Lycodapus 44 

Manta 9 

margarita,  Semotilus 17 

marginata,  Brosmophycis 45 

Rissola 45 

marginatus,  Cottus 39 

Lepomis 27 

mariae,  Etheostoma 28 

marianus,  Holoccntrus 24 

marina,  Strongylura 20 

marinus,  Bagre 18 

Petromyzon 6 

Sebastes 37 

marmorata,  Gymnura 9 

marmoratus,  Paraclinus 43 

Rivulus 22 

Scorpaenichthys 40 

marmoreus,  Blennius 43 

martinica,  Membras 46 

martinicensis,  Ocyanthias 25 

Xyrichthys 34 

martinicus,  Mulloidichthys 31 

martis,  Prionotus 38 

masquinongy,  Esox 12 

matutinus,  Notropis 15 

maxillingua,  Exoglossum 13 

maxillosus,  Opisthognathus 41 

maximus,  Cetorhinus 7 

Lachnolaimus 34 

mcgintyi,  Ogcocephalus 50 

meanyi,  Ruscarius 40 

Meda 14 

Medialuna 32 



mediocris,  Alosa 10 

medirostris,  Acipenser 9 

medius,  Lumpenus 44 

meeki,  Hybopsis 14 

megalepis,  Doratonotus 33 

Megalops 10 

megalotis,  Lepomis 27 

Melanogrammus 22 

melanops,  Minytrema 17 

Sehastodes 37 

melanopterus,  Eucinostomus 30 

melanostictus,  Psettichthys 47 

melanostoimis,  Sebastodes 37 

melanurum,  Haemulon 31 

melanus,  Centropristes 25 

melas,  Ictalurus 18 

Melichthys 48 

Membras 46 

Menidia 46 

menidia,  Menidia 46 

Menticirrhus 31 

Merluccius 22 

merriami,  Empetrichthys 21 

Mesogonistius — see  Enneacanthus 

metzi,  Gibbonsia 42 

mexicana,  Pikea 25 

mexicanus,  Astyanax 13 

miarcha,  Anchoviella 11 

microcephalus,  Somniosus 8 

Microcyprini 21 

Microdesmidae 36 

Microdesmus 36 

microdon,  Pseudotriakis 7 

Microgadus 22 

Micrognathus 23 

Microgobius 36 

microlepidotus,  Orthodon 16 

microlepis,  Microgobius 36 

Mycteroperca 25 

Scorpaena 37 

microlophus,  Lepomis 27 

Micrometrus 33 

microperca,  Etheostoma 28 

Micropogon 31 

micropogon,  Hybopsis 14 

microps,  Catostomus 17 

Micropterus 27 

micropterus,  Oxyporhamphus 21 

Microspathodon 33 

microstoma,  Macropinna 12 

Microstomus 47 

microstomus,  Etropus 46 

micrura,  Gymnura 9 

micrurum,  Syacium 47 

milberti,  Carcharhinus 7 

miliaris,  Muraena 19 

militaris,  Bellator 38 

miniatum,  Peristedion 38 

miniatus,  Sebastodes 37 

minimus,  Micrometrus 33 

minor,  Anarhichas 43 

Symphurus 48 

Minytrema 17 

mirabilis,  Gillichthys 36 

Phenacobius 16 

Misgurnus 18 

mississippiensis,  Roccus 26 

mitchilli,  Anchoa 11 

miurus,  Noturus 19 

Moapa 14 

Mobula 9 

Mobulidae 9 

mohavensis,  Siphateles 17 

mokarran,  Sphyrna 7 

Mola 49 

mola,  Mola 49 

Molidae 49 

MoUienesia 22 

Monacanthus 49 

monacha,  Hybopsis 14 

monoceros,  Alutera 48 

Monolene 47 

monopterygius,  Aspidophoroides 40 

Pleurogrammus 38 

montereyensis,  Gibbonsia 42 

monticola,  Agonostomus 46 

mordax,  Engraulis 11 

Gymnothorax 19 

Mystriophis 20 

Osmerus 12 

morhua,  Gadus 22 

moringa,  Gymnothorax 19 

morio,  Epinephelus 25 

Morone — see  Roccus 

Moxostoma 17 

mucosus,  Liparis 41 

Xiphister 44 

mucronatus,  Neoconger 19 

Mugil 46 

Mugilidae 46 

Mullidae 31 

Mulloidichthys 31 

Mullus 31 

multilineata,  Chromis 33 

midtiocellatus,  Aniennarius 50 

Muraena 19 

muraena,  Callechelys 19 

Muraenidae 19 

muscarum,  Rimicola 48 

Mustelus 7 

Mycteroperca 25 

Myctophidae 13 

Myctophiformes 13 

myersi,  Gobulus 36 



Myliobatidae 9 

Myliobatis 9 

Mylocheilus 14 

Mylopharodon 14 

my  ops,  Trachinocephalus 13 

Myoxocephalus 40 

myriaster,  Porichthys 49 

Myrichihys 19 

Myripristis 24 

Myrophis 20 

mysiacinus,  Epinephelus 25 

Opisihognathus 42 

mysticetus,  Cetengraulis 11 

mystinus,  Sebastodes 37 

Mystriophis 20 

Myxine 6 

Myxinidae 6 

Myxiniformes 6 

Myxinoidea 6 


namaycush,  Salvelinus 12 

Narcine 8 

narinari,  Aetobatus 9 

nasus,  Coregonus 11 

Lamna 7 

Notacanthus 20 

nasuta,  Percina 29 

nasutus,  Ogcocephalus 50 

natalis,  Idalurus 18 

Naucrates 30 

naucrates,  Echeneis 48 

Nautichthys 40 

nebulifer,  Paralabrax 25 

nebulosus,  Cynoscion 31 

Idalurus 18 

Sebastodes 37 

Nectoliparis 41 

Negaprion 7 

Nematistius 30 

Nemichthyidae 19 

NeocUnus 43 

Neoconger 19 

neogaeus,  Chrosomus 13 

Neomcrinthe 36 

Neoscopelarchoides 13 

Neothunnus — see  Thunnus 

nephelus,  Sphaeroides 49 

nerka,  Oncorhynchus 11 

neucratoides,  Echeneis 48 

ncvadae,  Crenichthys 21 

nevadensis,  Cyprinodon 21 

newberryi,  Eucydogobius 35 

Nezumia 22 

nianguae,  Etheostoma 28 

nicholsi,  Blennius 43 

Coryphopterus 35 

Nicholsina 34 

niger,  Centrolophus 45 

Esox 12 

Idiobus 17 

nigrescens,  Gila 14 

nigriargenteus,  Cubiceps 45 

nigricans,  Enchelycore 19 

Girella 32 

Hypentelium 17 

Makaira 35 

nigricindus,  Labrisomus 43 

nigripinnis,  Bathyagonus 40 

Coregonus 11 

Paraclinus 43 

nigritus,  Epinephelus 25 

nigrocindus,  Sebastodes 37 

nigrofasciata,  Percina 29 

nigromacidatus,  Pomoxis 27 

nigromarginatus,  Gymnothorax 19 

7iigru7n,  Etheostoma 28 

nipigon,  Coregonus 11 

nitens,  Trichiurus 34 

niveatus,  Epinephelus 25 

niveus,  Notropis 15 

nobiliana,  Torpedo 8 

nobilis,  Conodon 30 

Cynoscion 31 

Gambusia 22 

Nocomis 14 

nodurnus,  Noturus 19 

Nomeus 45 

normani,  Saurida 13 

norrisi,  Mustelus 7 

Notacanthidae 20 

Notacanthif ormes 20 

Notacanthus 20 

notata,  Strongylura 20 

notatus,  Fundulus 21 

Pimephales 16 

Porichthys 49 

Notemigonus 14 

nothus,  Cynoscion 31 

notius,  Micropterus 27 

notogramma,  Percina 29 

Notorynchus 6 

notospilotus,  Artedius 39 

notospilus,  Prionodes 25 

Notropis 14 

notti,  Fundulus 21 

Noturus 18 

novaculum,  Ophidion 45 

Noviimbra 12 

nubila,  Dionda 13 

nuchalis,  Hybognathus 14 

nuchipinnis,  Labrisomus 43 

nudus,  Gymnachirus 47 

nugator,  Chirolophus 44 

nybelini,  Triglops 40 




obesus,  Enneacanihus 27 

Thunnus 35 

obeyense,  Etheostoma 28 

oblongus,  Eriniyzon 17 

Paralichihys 47 

obscurus,  Carcharhinus 7 

obtusirostris,  Exocoetus 21 

obtusus,  Hippocampus 23 

Occa 40 

occidentalis,  Catosiomus 17 

Poeciliopsis 22 

oceanicus,  Conger 19 

Gobionellus 36 

oceanops,  Elacatinus 35 

ocellata,  BrannereUa 42 

Chaenopsis 42 

Raja 8 

Sciaenops 31 

Zenopsis 24 

ocellatus,  Anarrhichthys 43 

Antennarius 50 

Astronotus 33 

Bothus 46 

Chaetodon 32 

Ophichthus 20 

octodecemspinosus,  Myoxocephalus 40 

octogr animus,  Hexagrammos 38 

octonemus,  Polydactylus 46 

oculatus,  Etelis 26 

Icelinus 39 

Lepisosteus 10 

Myrichthys 20 

oculofasciatus,  Nautichthys 40 

Ocyanthias 25 

Ocyurus 26 

ocyurus,  Centropristes 25 

Odontaspis — see  Carcharias 

Odontopyxis 40 

Odontoscion 31 

ogac,  Gadus 22 

Ogcocephalidae 50 

Ogcocephalus 50 

Ogilbia 45 

oglinum,  Opisthonema 10 

ohiensis,  Alosa 10 

okefenokee,  Elassoma 27 

olidus,  Hypomesus 12 

OUgocottus 40 

Oligoplites 30 

olisihostomus,  Diapterus 30 

oUvaceus,  Fundidus 21 

olivaris,  Pylodictis 19 

olriki,  Aspidophoroides 40 

olseni,  Raja 8 

omisGomaycus,  Percopsis 24 

ommata,  Leptolucania 22 

omostigmum,  Otophidium 45 

Oncorhynchus 11 

onitis,  Tautoga 34 

Oostethus 23 

opercularis,  Polydactyhis 46 

Ophichthidae 19 

Ophichthus 20 

Ophidiidae 45 

Ophidion 45 

Ophioblennius 43 

Ophiodon 38 

Ophioscio7i 31 

ophis,  Ophichthus 20 

ophryas,  Prionoius 38 

Opisthognathidae 41 

Opisthognathus 41 

Opisthonema 10 

Opisthoproctidae 12 

Opsanus 49 

Opsopoeodus 16 

orbis,  Eumicrotremus 41 

orcutti,  Gila 14 

oreas,  Chrosomus 13 

Greet  olobidae 7 

oregonensis,  Ptychocheilus 16 

Oregonichthys 14 

oricntalis,  Anarhichas 43 

Sarda 35 

ornata,  Pholis 43 

omatum,  Campostoma 13 

ortenburgeri,  Notropis 15 

Orihodon 16 

Orthonopias 40 

Orthopristis 31 

osburni,  Etheostoma 28 

osculus,  Rhinichthys 16 

Osmeridae 12 

Osmerus 12 

osseus,  Lepisosteus 10 

Ostariophysi 13 

Osteichthyes 9 

osteochir,  Remora 48 

Ostichthys 24 

Ostraciidae 49 

Otophidium 45 

Otrynter — see  Stenotomns 

ovalis,  Sebastodes 37 

Oxyjulis 34 

Oxylebius 38 

Oxyporhamphus 21 

oxyrhyncha,  Percina 29 

oxyrhynchus,  Acipenser 9 

Notropis 15 

oxyrinchus,  Isurus 7 

ozarcanus,  Notropis 15 


pachycephalus,  Lagocephalus 49 

pacifica,  Lycodopsis 44 



pacificus,  Microstomus 47 

Somniosus 8 

Thaleichthys 12 

Pagrus 32 

paitensis,  Trachinotus 30 

palearis,  Lycodes 44 

Palinurichthys 45 

pallasi,  Clupea  harengus 10 

Pallasina 40 

pallidus,  Lycodes 44 

palmaris,  Percina 29 

Palometa 45 

pandionis,  Emblemaria 42 

pantherina,  Percina 29 

Pantosteus 18 

papillifer,  Gobiesox 48 

papillosum,  Syacium 47 

pappillosum,  Moxostoma 18 

Paracentropristes 25 

Paraclinus 43 

paradoxus,  Psychrolutes 40 

Parahollardia 48 

Paralabrax 25 

paralatus,  Prionotus 38 

Paralichthys 47 

Paraliparis 41 

parallelus,  Centropomus 24 

Paranthias 25 

Parathunnus — see  Thunnus 

pardus,  Opsanus 49 

Parexocoetus 21 

Parexoglossum 16 

Paricelinus 40 

Parmaturus 7 

parmifera.  Raja 8 

Parophrys 47 

parrai,  Clepticus 33 

Haemulon 31 

partitus,  Eupomacentrus 33 

paru,  Peprilus 45 

parva,  Lucania 22 

parvipinne,  Etheostoma 28 

parvipinnis,  Cynoscion 31 

Fundulus 21 

parvus,  Ogcocephalus 50 

Symphurus 48 

Upeneus 32 

patronus,  Brevoortia 10 

patter soni,  Trogloglanis 19 

paucispinis,  Sebastodes 37 

pectinatus,  Centropomus 25 

Pristis 8 

pectoralis,  Dallia 12 

Enneapterygius 42 

Nematistius 30 

Prionotus 38 

Pediculati 49 

pelagicus,  Nectoliparis 41 

Syngnathus 23 

pelamis,  Euthynnus 34 

pelicanus,  Symphurus 48 

pellucida,  Ammocrypta 27 

pellucidus,  Icticus 45 

peltata,  Percina 29 

Pempheridae 32 

Pempheris 32 

penna.  Calamus 32 

pensacolae,  Harengula 10 

pentacanthus.  Aster oiheca 40 

Peprilus 45 

Perca 29 

Percidae 27 

Perciformes 24 

perciformis,  Palinurichthys 45 

Percina 29 

percobromus,  Notropis 15 

Percomorphi 24 

Percophididae 42 

Percopsidae 24 

Percopsiformes 24 

Percopsis 24 

perfasciata,  Anchoviella 11 

Peristedion 38 

perlongum,  Etheostoma 28 

perotteti,  Pristis 8 

perpallidus,  Notropis 15 

perplexus,  Cottus 39 

perryae,  Callechelys 19 

personata,  Eviota 35 

peruanus,  Hemanthias 25 

petenense,  Dorosoma 10 

petersoni,  Notropis 16 

Petrometopon 25 

Peiromyzon 6 

Petromyzontia 6 

Petromyzontidae 6 

Petromyzontiformes 6 

Phanerodon 33 

Phenacobius 16 

phenax,  Mycteroperca 25 

philadelphicus,  Centropristes 25 

phlegethontis,  lotichthys 14 

phoebe,  Prionodes 25 

Pholidae 43 

Pholis 43 

photogenis,  Notropis 16 

phoxocephala,  Percina 29 

Phtheirichthys 48 

Phycis 22 

Phytichthys 44 

picta,  Eleotris 35 

pictus,  Oxylebius 38 

picudilla,  Sphyraena 46 

pidschian,  Coregonus 11 



'piger,  Symphurus 48 

pigmentarius,  Apogon 26 

Pikea 25 

pilicornis,  Blennius 43 

Pimelometopon 34 

Pimephales 16 

pingeli,  Triglops 40 

pinniger,  Sebastodes 37 

piratula,  Emblemaria 42 

pisonis,  Eleotris 35 

Placopharynx — see  Moxostoma 

Plagiogrammus 44 

plagiusa,  Symphurus 48 

Plagopterus 16 

planeri,  Lampetra 6 

planifrons,  Apogon 26 

Eupomacentrus 33 

platessoides,  Hippoglossoides 47 

Platichthys 47 

platorynchus,  Scaphirhynchus 9 

platostomus,  Lepisosteus 10 

platycephalus,  Ictalurus 18 

Platygobio 14 

platyrhincus,  Lepisosteus 10 

Platyrhinoidis 8 

platyrhynchus,  Pantosteus 18 

plebeius,  Pantosteus 18 

Pledobranchus 44 

Plectognathi 48 

Plectrypops 24 

Pleurogrammus 38 

Pleuronectes 47 

Pleuronectidae 47 

Pleuronectiformes 46 

Pleuronichthys 47 

plumbea,  Hybopsis 14 

plumieri,  Diapterus 30 

Haemulon 31 

Malacanihus 29 

Scorpaena 37 

Pneumatophorus — see  Scomber 

podostemone,  Etheostoma 28 

Poecilichthys — see  Etheostoma 

Poeciliidae 22 

Poeciliopsis 22 

poecilurum,  Moxostoma 18 

poeyi,  Halichoeres 34 

Synodus 13 

Pogonias 31 

Pogonichthys 16 

Polistotrema 6 

politus,  Seriphus 31 

Pollachius 22 

pollux,  Neomerinthe 36 

polyacanthocephalus,  M yoxocephalus .  ...   40 

polyactocephalus,  Chirolophus 44 

Polydactylus 46 

polylepis,  Batistes 48 

Polymixia 24 

Polymixiidae 24 

Polynemidae 46 

Polyodon 9 

Polyodontidae 9 

Polypera 41 

Polyprion 25 

polyspinis,  Sebastodes 37 

polystictus,  Trachipterus 24 

Pomacanthus 32 

Pomacentridae 33 

Pomadasyidae 30 

Pomadasys 31 

Pomatomidae 29 

Pomatomus 29 

Pomolobus — see  Alosa 

pomospilus,  Paracentropristes 25 

pomotis,  Acantharchus 27 

Pomoxis 27 

Pontinus 36 

Porichthys 49 

Poroclinus 44 

Poronotus 45 

porosissimus,  Porichthys 49 

porosus,  Carcharhinus 7 

potteri,  Notropis 16 

praecisus,  Eumesogrammus 44 

pretiosus,  Hypomesus 12 

Ruvettus 34 

Priacanthidae 26 

Priacanthus 26 

pricei,  Ictalurus 18 

princeps,  Caidolatilus 29 

Cottus 39 

Prionace 7 

Prionodes 25 

Prionotus 38 

Pristidae 8 

Pristigenys 26 

Pristipomoides 26 

Pristis 8 

probatocephalus,  Archosargus 32 

proboscidea,  Limanda 47 

procne,  Notropis 16 

productus,  Merluccius 22 

Rhinobatos 8 

proeliare,  Etheostoma 28 

Prognathodes 32 

Prognichthys 21 

promelas,  Pimephales 16 

Promicrops — see  Epinephelus 

Pronotogrammus 25 

proridens,  Calamus 32 

proriger,  Sebastodes 37 

proserpinus,  Notropis 16 

Prosopium 11 



Protospondyli 10 

proximus,  Microgadus 22 

Psenes 45 

Psettichthys 47 

Pseudogrammus 25 

pseudogula,  Eucinostomus 30 

pseudoharengus,  Alosa 10 

pseudomaculatus,  Apogon 26 

Pseudopleuronedes 47 

Pseudoscarus — see  Scarus 

Pseudotriakis 7 

Pseudupeneus 31 

psittacus,  Xyrichthys 34 

Psychrolutes 40 

Ptilichthyidae 44 

Ptilichthys 44 

Ptychocheilus 16 

puellaris,  Decodon 33 

pugetensis,  Chitonotus 39 

pulchellus,  Bodianus 33 

Liparis 41 

pulcher,  Equetus 31 

pulchrum,  Pimelometopon 34 

pullus,  Caniherines 48 

pulvereus,  Fundulus 21 

pumilio,  Serraniculus 26 

punctatus,  Decapterus 29 

Equetus 31 

Ictalurus 18 

Lepomis 27 

Myrophis 20 

Stichaeus 44 

punctifer,  Mystriophis 20 

punctipinnis,  Chromis 33 

Dermatostethus 23 

punctulatum,  Etheostoma 28 

punctulatus,  Gobiesox 48 

Micropterus 27 

Pungitius 23 

pungitius,  Pungitius 23 

purpurea,  Gila 14 

purpurescens,  Anoplarchus 44 

pusillus,  Symphurus 48 

putnami,  Liopsetta 47 

pygmaea,  Umbra 12 

Pylodictis 19 

pyrrhomelas,  Notropis 16 


quadracus,  Apeltes 23 

quadricornis,  Hypsagonus 40 

Lactophrys 49 

Myoxocephalus 40 

quadriseriatus,  Icelinus 39 

quadrisquamatus,  Apogon 26 

quadrituberculatus,  Pleuronectes 47 

quadrocellata,  Ancylopsetta 46 

Quietula 36 


Rachycentridae 29 

Rachycentron 29 

radians,  Sparisoma 34 

radiata.  Raja 8 

radiatus,  Halichoeres 34 

Ogcocephalus 50 

radiosum,  Etheostoma 28 

radiosus,  Antennarius 50 

Cyprinodon 21 

radula,  Melichthys 48 

Radulinus 40 

Raja 8 

Rajidae 8 

Rajiformes 8 

raridaUi,  Acanthurus 34 

Ranzania 49 

raphidoma,  Strongylura 20 

rastrelliger,  Sebastodes 37 

Rathbunella 42 

rathbuni,  Fundulus 21 

Pontinus 36 

rayi,  Brama 30 

recalvus,  Clinocottus 39 

Regalecidae 24 

Regalecus 24 

regalis,  Cynoscion 31 

Scomberomorus 35 

regius,  Lampris 23 

Urophycis 22 

regulus,  Psenes 45 

reighardi,  Coregonus 11 

Reinhardtius 47 

Remora 48 

remora,  Remora 48 

Remorina 48 

remotus,  Carcharhinus 7 

reticulatus,  Lycodes 44 

retifer,  Scyliorhinus 7 

retifera,  Muraena 19 

retrospinis,  Plectrypops 24 

rex,  Percina 29 

Rhacochilus 33 

Rhamphocottus 40 

rhessodon,  Gobiesox 48 

rhina.  Raja 8 

Rhincodon 7 

Rhincodontidae 7 

Rhinichthys 16 

Rhinobatidae 8 

Rhinobatos 8 

Rhinoptera 9 

Rhodeus 16 

rhodochloris,  Sebastodes 37 

rhodopus,  Trachinotus 30 

rhodorus,  Ascelichthys 39 

rhodoterus,  Amphistichus 33 

rhomboidalis,  Archosargus 32 



rhomhoides,  Lagodon 32 

Rhnmboplites 26 

rhotheus,  Coitus 39 

rhothoecum,  Moxostoma 18 

Rhynchocymha 19 

ricei,  Coitus 39 

richardsoni,  Alepisaurus 13 

Rhamphocottus 40 

Richardsonius 17 

rimensis,  Oligocottus 40 

Rimicola 48 

rimiculus,  Catosiomus 17 

rimosus,  Elropus 47 

ringens,  Xanihichlhys 49 

Risor 36 

Rissola 45 

ritteri,  Pleuronichthys 47 

Xeneretmus 41 

Rivulu^ 22 

roanokense,  Hypentelium 17 

robusia,  Gila 14 

robustum,  Gobiosoma 36 

Moxostoma 18 

robustiis,  Hippoglossoides 47 

Roccus 25 

Roncador 31 

roncador,  Umbrina 31 

rondeleti,  Prognichthys 21 

Ronquilus 42 

rosaceus,  Sebastodes 37 

Zalembius 33 

rosa£,  Amblyopsis 22 

Hyporhamphus 20 

roseipinnis,  Notropis 16 

roseus,  Cryptotomus 34 

Prionotus 38 

rosispinis,  Raja 8 

rostrata,  Anguilla 19 

Canthigaster 49 

rosiratus,  Heterosiichus 42 

roihrocki,  Poroclinus 44 

rubelHo,  Oligocottus 40 

rubellus,  Notropis 16 

ruber,  Caranx 29 

Risor 36 

ruberrimus,  Sebastodes 37 

rubicunda,  Hypsypops 33 

rubio,  Prionotus 38 

rubreques,  Moxostoma — see  valenciennesi, 


rubricroceus,  Notropis 16 

rubrifrons,  Hybopsis 14 

rubripinne,  Sparisoma 34 

rubrivinctus,  Sebastodes 37 

rubrocinctus,  Heteristius 42 

rubrofluviatilis,  Cyprinodon 21 

rufilineatum,  Etheostoma 28 

rufus,  Bodianus 33 

Holocentrus 24 

rupestre,  Etheostoma 28 

rupestris,  Ambloplites 27 

rupiscartes,  Moxostoma 18 

Ruscarius 40 

rutteri,  Liparis 41 

Ruvettus 34 

Rypticus 26 


sabina,  Dasyatis 9 

sabinae,  Notropis 16 

saburrae,  Chasmodes 43 

sadina,  Etrumeus 10 

sagax,  Sardinops 10 

sagitta,  Etheostoma 28 

Lumpenus 44 

saida,  Boreogadus 22 

saira,  Cololabis 20 

solar,  Salmo 11 

salinus,  Cyprinodon 21 

Salmo 11 

salmoides,  Micropterus 27 

Salmonidae 11 

Salmopercae 24 

saltaior,  Hemiramphus 20 

saltatrix,  Pomatomus 29 

saludae,  Etheostoma 28 

Salvelinus 12 

sanctaerosae,  Ulvicola 43 

santaanae,  Pantosteus 18 

sapidissima,  Alosa 10 

saponaceus,  Rypticus 26 

Sarda 35 

sarda,  Sarda 35 

Sardinella 10 

sardinella,  Coregonus 11 

Sardinops 10 

Sarritor 40 

Satan 19 

satumum,  Cheilotrema 31 

Saurida 13 

saurus,  Elops 10 

Oligoplites 30 

Scomberesox 20 

saxatilis,  Abudefduf 33 

Menticirrhus 31 

Roccus 26 

saxicola,  Sebastodes 37 

sayanus,  Aphredoderus 24 

sayi,  Dasyatis 9 

scaber,  Antennarius 50 

scabrata,  Raja — see  radiata,  R. 

scabriceps,  Notropis 16 

Scaphirhynchus 9 

Scardinius 17 

Scaridae 34 

Scarus 34 



scepticus,  Notropis 16 

Schilbeodes — see  Noturus 

schoepfi,  Alutera 48 

Chilomyderus 49 

schomburgki,  Pempheris 32 

schultzi,  Pholis 43 

sciadicus,  Fundulus 21 

Sciaenidae 31 

Sciaenops 31 

sclera,  Percina 29 

scitulus,  Prionotus 38 

sciurus,  Haemulon 31 

Scoliodon 7 

scolopax,  Macrorhamphosus 23 

Scomber 35 

Scomberesocidae 20 

Scomberesox 20 

Scomber omorus 35 

Scombridae 34 

scombrus,  Scomber 35 

Scopelarchidae 13 

Scophthalmus 47 

Scorpaena 36 

Scorpaenichthys 40 

Scorpaenidae 36 

Scorpaenodes 37 

Scorpidae 32 

scorpioides,  Myoxocephalus 40 

scorpius,  Myoxocephalus 40 

scovelli,  Syngnathus 23 

scrippsae,  Otophidium 45 

scripta,  Alutera 48 

scuticaris,  Bascanichthys 19 

Scyliorhinidae 7 

Scyliorhinus 7 

Scytalina 44 

Scytalinidae 44 

Sebastes 37 

Sebastodes 37 

Sebastolobus 38 

sectatrix,  Kyphosus 32 

secundodorsalis,    Thunnus — see   thynnus, 

sedecim,  Pagrus 32 

sedentarius,  Chaetodon 32 

Selachii 6 

Selar 30 

Selene 30 

selenops,  Ophidion 45 

sellare,  Etheostoma 28 

semicinctus,  Halichoeres 34 

Sebastodes 38 

semifasciata,  Triakis 7 

seminolis,  Fundulus 21 

Semionotiformes 10 

Semotilus 17 

senilis,  Gambusia 22 

senta,  Raja 8 

sentus,  Engyophrys 46 

sericeus,  Rhodeus 16 

Seriola 30 

Seriphus 31 

serpens,  Gempylus 34 

Serranellus 26 

Serraniculus 26 

Serranidae 25 

serranoides,  Sebastodes 38 

Serranus 26 

serriceps,  Sebastodes 38 

serriferum,  Etheostoma 28 

sernda,  Pristigenys 26 

sessilicauda,  Monolene 47 

setapinnis,  Vomer 30 

setifer,  Monacanthus 49 

setiger,  Dasycottus 39 

shufeldti,  Gobionellus 36 

shumardi,  Percina 29 

sialis,  Argentina 12 

Vacuoqua 31 

sicculus,  Labidesthes 46 

sigalutes,  Gilbertidia 39 

signatus,  Bathymaster 42 

Hypoprion 7 

signipinnis,  Notropis 16 

silenus,  Zaprora 45 

silus,  Argentina 12 

similis,  Fundulus 21 

simillima,  Palometa 45 

simoterum,  Etheostoma 28 

simulus,  Hemiemblemaria 42 

simus,  Notropis 16 

Siphateles 17 

smaragdus,  Erotelis 35 

Gobionellus 36 

smithi,  Brevoortia 10 

snyderi,  Catostomus 17 

Oligocottus 40 

Snyderichthys 17 

solanderi,  Acanthocybium 34 

Soleidae 47 

Solenichthyes 23 

Somniosus 8 

soporator,  Bathygobius 35 

sordidus,  Citharichthys 46 

Sparidae 32 

Sparisoma 34 

spathida,  Polyodon 9 

spatula,  Icelus 39 

Lepisosteus 10 

spectabile,  Etheostoma 28 

spectrunculus,  Notropis 16 

spelaea,  Amblyopsis 22 

spengleri,  Sphaeroides 49 

Sphaeroides 49 



Sphyraena 45 

Sphyraenidae 45 

Sphyrna 7 

Sphyrnidae 7 

spilonotus,  Prosopium 11 

spilopterus,  Citharichthys 46 

Notropis 16 

spinicauda,  Raja 9 

spinosa,  Acanthemblemaria 42 

spinosus,  Eumicrotremus 41 

Hemilepidotus 39 

Spirinchus 12 

spangicola,  Evermannichthys 36 

springeri,  Gordiichthys 19 

Syngnathus 23 

Squalidae 8 

Squaliformes 6 

Squalus 8 

squamata,  Percina 29 

squamiceps,  Etheostoma 28 

squamilentus,  Paralichthys 47 

Squatina 8 

Squatinidae 8 

stahuliforis,  Raja — see  laevis,  R. 

stahli,  Stathmonotus 43 

starksi,  Spirinchus 12 

Stathmonotus 43 

stearnsi,  Prionotus 38 

Roncador 31 

Stelgis 40 

stellatus,  Apogon 26 

Platichthys 47 

stelleri,  Hexagrammos 38 

Stellerina 40 

Stellifer 31 

stellifer,  Fundulus 21 

stellidata,  Raja 9 

Stenodus 12 

stenolepis,  Hippoglossus 47 

Stenotomus 32 

Stephanolepis — see  Monacanthus 

stephanophrys,  Prionotus 38 

stephensae,  Neoclinus 43 

Stereolepis 26 

sterletus,  Agonopsis 40 

Stichaeidae 44 

Stichaeus 44 

stigmaeum,  Etheostoma 28 

stigmaeus,  Citharichthys 46 

stigmaticus,  Gohionellus 36 

stigmaturus,  Gohionellus 36 

stilbius,  Leuroglossus 12 

Notropis 16 

stipes,  Atherinomorus 46 

Stizostedion 29 

stomata,  Hippoglossina 47 

stomias,  Atheresthes 47 

storeriana,  Hyhopsis 14 

standi,  Polistotrema 6 

stramineus,  Notropis 16 

striatus,  Centropristes 25 

Chaetodon 32 

Epinephelus 25 

Stromateidae 45 

Strongylura 20 

strumosus,  Gobiesox 48 

Stylephoridae 24 

Stylephorus 24 

subbifrenatus,  Rypticus 26 

subbifurcata,  Ulvaria 44 

subligarius,  Serranellus 26 

subterraneus,  Typhlichthys 22 

sucetta,  Erimyzon 17 

suckleyi,  Sqiialus — see  acanthias,  S. 

sufflamen,  Canthidermis 48 

superciliosus,  Alopias 6 

Hexagrammos 38 

surinamensis,  Anisotremus 30 

Lobotes 26 

swaini,  Etheostoma 28 

swani,  Bothragonus 40 

swannanoa,  Etheostoma 28 

Syacium 47 

symmetricus,  Hesperoleucus 14 

Lepomis 27 

Trachurus 30 

Symphurus 48 

synagris,  Lutjanus 26 

syncheilus,  Catostomus — see  columbianus, 

Synchirus 40 

Synentognathi 20 

Syngnathidae 23 

Syngnathus 23 

Synodontidae 13 

Synodus 13 

synodus,  Synodus 13 


tahacaria,  Fistularia 23 

Taeniotoca — see  Embiotoca 

tahoensis,  Catostomus 17 

tajasica,  Awaous 35 

T arables 30 

Tarpon — see  Megalops 

tau,  Opsanus 49 

taurina,  Enophrys 39 

taurus,  Abudefduf 33 

Carcharias 6 

Tautoga 34 

Tautogolahrus 34 

taylori,  Asemichthys 39 

Otophidium 45 

tenellus,  Pimephales 16 



tenuis,  Coitus 39 

Erimyzon 17 

Icelinus 39 

Leuresthes 46 

Urophycis 22 

teres,  Bascanichthys 19 

teretulus,  Phenacohius 16 

tergisus,  Hiodon 12 

terraenovae,  Eumicrotremus 41 

Scoliodon 7 

testudineus,  Sphaeroides 49 

Tetragonuridae 45 

Tetragonurus 45 

Tetranarce — see  Torpedo 

Tetraodontidae 49 

Tetraodontiformes 48 

Tetrapturus 35 

tetrazonum,  Etheostoma 28 

texana,  Raja 9 

texanus,  Notropis 16 

Xyrauchen 18 

textilis,  Entomacrodus 43 

thalassinum,  Etheostoma 28 

thalassinus,  Microgobius 36 

Thalassoma 34 

Thaleichthys 12 

thaleichthys,  Spirinchus 12 

thazard,  Auxis 34 

Theragra 22 

thompsoni,  Gnatholepis 36 

Ophioscion 31 

Thoracostei 23 

thrissina,  Harengula 10 

Thunnus 35 

Thymallus 12 

ihynnus,  Thunnus 35 

Tiaroga 17 

tiburo,  Sphyma 8 

tigrinus,  Myrichthys 20 

tigris,  Mycteroperca 25 

Isurus — see  oxyrinchus,  I. 

timucu,  Strongylura 20 

Tinea 17 

tinea.  Tinea 17 

tippecanoe,  Etheostoma 28 

tomeod,  Microgadus 22 

topeka,  Notropis 16 

Torpedinidae 8 

Torpedo 8 

tortugarum,  Serranus 26 

tovmsendi,  Apogon 26 

toxotes,  Rhacochilus 33 

Trachinocephalus 13 

Trachinotus 30 

Trachipteridae 24 

Trachipterus 24 

trachura,  Raja 9 

Trachurops — see  Selar 

Traehurus 30 

trachypomus,  Ostiehthys 24 

traehypterus,  Trachipterus 24 

transmontana,  Percopsis 24 

transmontanus,  Acipenser 9 

traski,  Hysterocarpus 33 

treculi,  Mieropterus 27 

Triacanthodidae 48 

triacanthus,  Poronotus 45 

Xeneretmus 41 

triads,  Orthonopias 40 

Triakis 7 

triangulatus,  Malacoctenus 43 

tribuhis,  Prionotus 38 

Trichiuridae 34 

Trichiurus 34 

Trichodon 41 

trichodon,  Mugil 46 

Triehodon 41 

Trichodontidae 41 

Trichopsetta 47 

trichroistius,  Notropis 16 

tricolor,  Holacanthus 32 

tricuspis,  Gymnocanthus 39 

tridentata,  Lampetra 6 

tridigitatus,  Dactyloscopus 42 

Triglidae 38 

Triglops 40 

trigonus,  Lactophrys 49 

Trinectes 47 

triporiceps,  Conger 19 

triqueter,  Lactophrys 49 

triserialis,  Ophichthus 20 

triseriata,  Platyrhinoidis 8 

trispinosa,  Odontopyxis 40 

Trogloglanis 19 

trutta,  Salmo 12 

tshawytscha,  Oncorhynchus 11 

tuckeri,  Monacanthus 49 

tunicatus,  Liparis 41 

turneri,  Lycodes 44 

tuscumbia,  Etheostoma 28 

Typhlichthys 22 

Typhlogobius 36 

typus,  Rhincodon 7 

tyrannus,  Brevooriia 10 


Ulvaria 44 

Ulvicola 43 

Umbra 12 

umbratiJis,  Notropis 16 

Umbridae 12 

Umbrina 31 

umbrosus,  Sebastodes 38 

umpquae,  Ptychocheilus 16 

undnatiis,  Artediellus 38 

undecimalis,  Centropomus 25 



undulatus,  Menticirrhus 31 

Micropogon 31 

unicolor,  Hypoplectrus 25 

unicuspis,  Ichfhyomyzon 6 

iinifasciatus,  H yporhamphus 20 

uninotatus,  Neoclinus 43 

Upeneus 32 

uranidea,  Percina 29 

uranops,  Phenacobius 16 

Uranoscopidae 42 

uranoscopus,  Notropis 16 

Uraspis 30 

Urolophus 9 

Urophycis 22 

urospilus,  Symphurus 48 

usta,  Nicholsina 34 

liter,  Ccphaloscyllium 7 


vacca,  Rhacochilus 33 

Vacuoqua 31 

valenciennesi,  Moxostoma 18 

variabilis,  Eupomacentrus 33 

variatum,  Etheostoma 28 

variegatus,  Cyprinodon 21 

velifcr,  Carpiodes 17 

Letharchiis 19 

velox,  Euleptorhamphus 20 

venenosa,  Myderoperca 25 

ventralis,  Alutera 48 

Trichopsetta 47 

Xyrichthys 34 

ventricosus,  Aptocyclus 41 

venustus,  Notropis 16 

Vervna 20 

vermiculatus,  Esox  americanus 12 

verrilli,  Lycenchelys 44 

verrucosa,  Occa 40 

verticalis,  Pleuronichihys 47 

vespertilio,  Ogcocephalus 50 

vetula,  Balistes 48 

Scarus 34 

vetulus,  Parophrys 47 

vexillaris,  Sebastodes 38 

vexillarius,  Holocentrus 24 

vicinus,  Gymnothorax 19 

vigilax,  Pimephales 16 

villosus,  Mallotus 12 

vinculus,  Radulinus 40 

violacea,  Dasyatis 9 

violaceus,  Cebidichthys 44 

virens,  PoUachius 22 

virescens,  Pantosteus 18 

virgatum,  Etheostoma 28 

virginicus,  Anisotremus 30 

Polydactylus 46 

viride,  Sparisoma 34 

viridis,  Euleptorhamphus 20 

Gymnelis 44 

vitreum,  Etheostoma 28 

Stizostedion  vitreum 29 

vittata,  Lepidomeda 14 

vittatus,  Micrognathus 23 

vivanus,  Hemanthias 25 

Lutjanus 26 

vivax,  Ammocrypta 27 

volador,  Istiophorus — see  albicans,  I. 

volitans,  Daciylopterus 41 

Exocoetus 21 

volucellus,  Notropis 16 

Vomer 30 

vomer,  Selene 30 

vulpes,  Albula 10 

vulpinus,  Alopias 6 

vulsa,  Stelgis 40 


waccamensis,  Fundulus 21 

wamerensis,  Catostomus 17 

welaka,  Notropis 16 

welshi,  Ophidian 45 

wheatlandi,  Gasterosteus 23 

whipplei,  Etheostoma 28 

Notropis 16 

whitehursti,  Opisthognathus 42 

williamsoni,  Prosopium 11 

unlsoni,  Sebastodes 38 


xaenocephalus,  Notropis 16 

xaenurus,  Notropis 16 

xani'urus,  Parmaturus 7 

Xanthichthys 49 

xanthostigma,  Citharichthys 46 

xanthulus,  Cynoscion 31 

xanthurus,  Leiostomus 31 

xantusi,  Lepidopus 34 

xenarcha,  Myderoperca 25 

Xeneretmus 40 

xenica,  Adinia 21 

Xenistius 31 

Xenopterygii 48 

Xererpes 43 

Xiphias 35 

Xiphiidae 35 

Xiphister 44 

x-pundata,  Hybopsis 14 

xyosterna,  Stellerina 40 

Xyrauchen 18 

Xyrichthys 34 

Xystreurys 47 


yaito,  Euthynnus 34 

y-cauda,  Quietula 36 



y-graecum,  Astroscopus 42 

yoshiae,  Anarchias 19 


zacentrus,  Sehastodes 38 

zachirus,  Glyptocephalus 47 

Zalemhius 33 

Zalieutes 50 

Zaniolepidae 38 

Zaniolepis 38 

Zaprora 45 

Zaproridae 45 

Zapteryx .- 8 

zebra,  Lythrypnus 36 

zehrinus,  Fundulus 21 

Zeidae 24 

Zeif ormes 24 

zenithicus,  Coregonus 11 

Zenopsis 24 

Zeomorphi 24 

Zoarcidae 44 

zonale,  Etheostoma 28 

zonaia,  Seriola 30 

zonatum,  Elassoma 27 

zonatus,  Chaetodipterus 32 

Notropis 16 

zonifer,  Erilepis 38 

zoniferum,  Etheostoma 29 

zonistius,  Notropis 16 

zonope,  Jordania 39 

zophochir,  Ophichthus 20 

zoster ae,  Hippocampus 23 

zygaena,  Sphyrna 8 

zyopterus,  Galeorhinus 7